National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Analysis and Evaluation of The Damages Caused by Wild Boar in The Region of Milevsko
The diploma thesis is focused on the analysis of the damages which were caused by wild boar on farming plants in the region of Milevsko. Three areas of interest were chosen for the observation (the area around Sepekov, Přeštenice and Opařany). Each of the areas of interest observed was chosen because of its conditions suitable for the occurrence of wild boar during whole year. Each area had also ideal conditions for evaluating of the damages caused by this species on farming plants. The main aim of this diploma thesis was appraisal of the damages caused by wild boar according to the most suitable Czech and foreign methodologies. The observation was realized in the period from the beginning of February 2011 to the end of October 2011. The size of the damages on particular farming lands was measured according to three Czech methodologies (according to Dvořák et al., 2006). Total evaluation of the damages caused by wild boar on farming plants was realized according to Czech methodology by Kamler and two foreign methodologies (by Jonathan Yoder and Ray T. Sterner). The biggest damages caused by wild boar were found out in the area around Sepekov. The most attractive and also the most damaged farming plant was maize in the region of Milevsko. The damages of permanent grass cover caused by rooting of wild boar were found out only in spring term. Winter grains were mostly damaged by wild boar in the period of milky ripeness. In case of the usage of the methodologies for finding out the amount of damaged area it was necessary to choose the methodology according to the kind of a farming plant, the height of a plant and the kind of the damage. All three types of the methodologies used for finding out the total amount of damages caused by wild boar on farming plants were very exact and applicable to the chosen region.
Feeding of wild boar in hunts of Chlum and Sepekov
The bachelor thesis is focused on feeding of wild boar in two hunts. The first hunt which was chosen is the hunt of Chlum. The second hunt which was chosen for monitoring is the hunt of Sepekov. There were chosen two feeding places for monitoring in each hunt. The monitoring started in March 2009 and ended in February 2010. The monitoring of feeding should display differences between forest and mixed hunt. But the main reason was to find out the intensity of visits of wild boar in particular seasons pursuant to the influence of different factors. These factors were judged: climatic (snowfall, rainfall and temperature), the influences of sowing and harvest of agricultural crops during the year, the influence of collective hunting on wild boar near the feeding place and shooting on feeding places. The influence of feeding on the damages made by wild boar to fields was judged too. Localities were controlled twice a week. The feeding places were controlled by Ir-C cameras which were given on two feeding places once a week. These facts were found out by the observing. The intensity of visits on the feeding places is very different in particular seasons. The visit rate of feeding places isn´t influenced by the production of forest seeds in spring. We found out that the most favourite feed in this season was maize. Wild boar stays in agricultural monocultures in spring and on feeding places comes minimally. The popularity of particular sorts of feed depends on the term of their putting and hunting of wild boar in autumn and winter. We can avoid the damages to agricultural crops in spring, autumn and winter if we will have large enough forest in which we will be able to hold wild boar by feeding. The visit rate of the feeding place is influenced by the hunting near the feeding place, but the intensity of this influence depends on the scope of the hunting and the number of hunted members of herd which visited this feeding place. Wild boar visits the feeding place about two or three hours earlier in time of indigence. But during the rain it never appears on the feeding place.

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