National Repository of Grey Literature 76 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Registration of MR Images and Histological Sections
Martinásková, Klára ; Mézl, Martin (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis deals with methods of multimodal image registration. The work is focused specifically on the registration of histological sections and MR images, which various studies examine because of improving oncological diagnostics. A substantial part of the work is devoted to theories of registration - types of registration, geometric transformations, criterial functions, interpolation and methods of optimization. There is also an overview of tools, which can be used for multimodal image registration. MR images and histological sections were provided from three different sources. The program for image registration was created in software MATLAB 2020a with a graphical user interface and it includes a converter for editing images before the registration began. In conclusion, the results of registration were analyzed.
Quantification of Perfusion using MRI ASL Methods
Kolajová, Martina ; Mézl, Martin (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with quantification of perfusion using a contrast-free MRI technique called „Arterial Spin Labeling“ (ASL). Firstly, the physical principle of magnetic resonance imaging and the concept of perfusion will be described for better understanding of the subject. The next chapters will focus on the ASL method itself and perfusion quantification using mathematical models, namely T1 perfusion and Standard. The algorithm for preprocessing and analysis of selected datasets, designed in the thesis, is implemented using the program MATLAB. Program BASIL was used for further processing. The outputs in the form of perfusion and ATT maps and model fitting processes using various models from both programs are compared and evaluated.
MRI of Rats - Quantification of T1 in Myocardium
Vitouš, Jiří ; Mézl, Martin (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This thesis focuses on cardiac imaging and quantification of T1 relaxation time in rat hearts. Its main focus is to investigate available methods for such quantification and their application in the development of quantification tools. The large impact is given to methods of acquisition synchronization, mainly with respect to cardiac motion and breathing using retrospective gating, where the navigator signal is obtained solely from the acquired data, so without any external equipment such as the ECG or respiratory sensors. This paper takes into account situations where steady-state has been reached and also those where it has not, by means of contrast agent injection or by inversion pulses.
Image Deblurring in Demanding Conditions
Kotera, Jan ; Šroubek, Filip (advisor) ; Portilla, Javier (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (referee)
Title: Image Deblurring in Demanding Conditions Author: Jan Kotera Department: Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Czech Academy of Sciences Supervisor: Doc. Ing. Filip Šroubek, Ph.D., DSc., Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Czech Academy of Sciences Abstract: Image deblurring is a computer vision task consisting of removing blur from image, the objective is to recover the sharp image corresponding to the blurred input. If the nature and shape of the blur is unknown and must be estimated from the input image, image deblurring is called blind and naturally presents a more difficult problem. This thesis focuses on two primary topics related to blind image deblurring. In the first part we work with the standard image deblurring based on the common convolution blur model and present a method of increasing robustness of the deblur- ring to phenomena violating the linear acquisition model, such as for example inten- sity clipping caused by sensor saturation in overexposed pixels. If not properly taken care of, these effects significantly decrease accuracy of the blur estimation and visual quality of the restored image. Rather than tailoring the deblurring method explicitly for each particular type of acquisition model violation we present a general approach based on flexible automatic...
Optimization of Contrast in MRI of Labeled Thrombi
Dohnalová, Petra ; Mézl, Martin (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the general principle of molecular MRI, the formation, composition of trombi and their impact on the human body. It also deals with the contrast agents, to which molecules are they targeted and why, as well as the principle of interactions with these target molecules. The following are found values of native relaxation times for thrombi, blood, gray and white matter and relaxivities of contrast agents at different values of B0 magnetic field. The next part is dedicated to the program for simulations of T1- and T2- weighted MRI and searching for the optimal setting of acquisition parametersbased on the achieved contrast. Finally, the possibility of combining T1- and T2- weighted images to increase contrast is explored.
Advanced Methods of Perfusion Analysis in MRI
Macíček, Ondřej ; Frollo, Ivan (referee) ; Mikl, Michal (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This dissertation deals with quantitative perfusion analysis of MRI contrast-enhanced image time sequences. It focuses on two so far separately used methods -- Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and Dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI (DSC-MRI). The common problem of such perfusion analyses is the unreliability of perfusion parameters estimation. This penalizes usage of these unique techniques on a regular basis. The presented methods are intended to improve these drawbacks, especially the problems with quantification in DSC in case of contrast agent extravasation and instability of the deconvolution process in DCE using advanced pharmacokinetic models. There are a few approaches in literature combining DCE and DSC to estimate new parameters of the examined tissue, namely the relaxivity of the vascular and of the interstitial space. Originally, in this scheme, the 2CXM DCE model was used. Here various models for DCE analysis are tested keeping in mind the DCE-DSC combination. The ATH model was found to perform better in this setting compared to 2CXM. Finally, the ATH model was used in alternating DCE-DSC optimization algorithm and then in a truly fully simultaneous DCE-DSC. The processing was tested using simulated and in-vivo data. According to the results, the proposed simultaneous algorithm performs better in comparison with sequential DCE-DSC, unleashing full potential of perfusion analysis using MRI.
Comparison of Pharmacokinetic models for DCE-MRI
Bačovská, Kristýna ; Mézl, Martin (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This thesis deals with perfusion analysis using DCE-MRI (Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging). DCE-MRI is commonly used for microcirculation evaluation mainly in oncology and in recent years also in cardiology. The theoretical overview focuses on the issue of pharmacokinetic modeling and the estimation of perfusion parameters using selected models. The experimental part describes research software PerfLab and then it is aimed at the proposed program for synthetic data generation. Simulated data obtained under ideal conditions and in the presence of noise were used to compare models for the accuracy and reliability of DCE-MRI analysis.
Quantification of Relaxation Time T1 in DCE-MRI
Vitouš, Jiří ; Mézl, Martin (referee) ; Jiřík, Radovan (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with methods of T1 relaxation time quantification and B1 magnetic field inhomogeneities corrections. For purposes of the required measurements, the phantom was created using a 3D printer. Firstly the thesis presents information about a given theme, then it hands out the results of measurements taken using standard quantification methods. These methods are consequently analyzed and compared. Next part of the bachelor thesis deals with the fast method based on a variable flip angle (VFA), which needs a magnetic field B1 correction maps to give reasonable T1 estimates. For this purpose, two methods of B1 correction are presented. The first method is a double angle method and second is based on mapping magnetic field B1 using a reference T1 map. To decide which T1 map of which method should be used as a reference, a simple simulation is proposed, which describes the impact of unfavorable effects, such as B1 itself, on the T1 estimate of standard methods. In the end, the conclusions are made and the results of VFA methods are compared with standard methods of quantification.
Measurement and processing of diffusion data from magnetic resonance
Vankó, Bence ; Jiřík, Radovan (referee) ; Kolářová, Jana (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with DTI examination. The diffusion tensor model of magnetic resonance imaging is a modern diagnostic method mainly used to visualize the spatial relationship of a particular neuronal pathway of the brain. The work is divided into three main parts. The first part contains the theoretical introduction to MRI, DTI and literary research from individual scientific articles dealing with DTI experiments. The second part of the thesis deals with the search of electronic articles to choose the right acquisition. Based on the articles being studied, parameters were selected and polished during the measuring of the phantom. In the third part, the measurements are done on the basis of the resulting acquisition protocol and the data is processed in various software.
Comparison and assessment of single-echo and multi-echo BOLD fMRI acquisition
Kovářová, Anežka ; Jiřík, Radovan (referee) ; Mikl, Michal (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with functional magnetic resonance and monitoring of the effect of acquisition acceleration methods on the quality of functional images and observed BOLD signal. The basic principles of magnetic resonance imaging, the explanation of the specifics of functional magnetic resonance and the formation and scanning of BOLD signal are described here. Subsequently, there is the definition of fMRI experiment and description of sequences used for fMRI, focusing on aquisition acceleration techniques. The influence of sequence parameters on image quality and the data processing methods are explained aftewards. The practical part describes the parameters of used sequences, the acquisition procedure and the task for the subject during aquisition. Data from 26 healthy volunteers were obtained and analyzed afterwards. Based on this, the differencesbetween the different sequence variants were evaluated and the initial assumption that the multi-echo acquisition yields better results with faster measurements than single-echo was confirmed.

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1 Jiřík, Rudolf
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