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Study of Biomolecular Interactions with Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors
Šípová, Hana ; Homola, Jiří (advisor) ; Houska, Milan (referee) ; Skládal, Petr (referee)
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors represent one of the most advanced sensing technologies for real-time studies of biomolecular interactions. In this thesis, methods for functionalization of SPR substrates were optimized and studied via spectroscopic methods. Effects related to the SPR sensor microfluidic interface on the measured biomolecular interactions were analyzed, and furthermore, means to decrease mass-transport limitations were proposed. Several SPR-based assays regarding the detection of nucleic acids were developed, which allow for the detection of physiologically relevant concentrations of nucleic acids as well as point mutations in a nucleic acid sequence. Assays for the determination of the enzymatic activity of HIV integrase and ribonuclease H were developed. These assays can be employed for the design and synthesis of molecules that function either as antiviral drugs or as gene-regulating agents.
Functional biomolecular coatings for affinity biosensors for medical diagnostics
Hemmerová, Erika ; Homola, Jiří (advisor) ; Procházka, Marek (referee) ; Skládal, Petr (referee)
OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS Title: Functional biomolecular coatings for affinity biosensors for medical diagnostics Author: Erika Hemmerová Department: Institute of Photonics and Electronics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Chaberská 1014/57, 182 51 Prague, Czech Republic Supervisor: Prof. Ing. Jiří Homola, CSc., DSc. Institute of Photonics and Electronics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Chaberská 1014/57, 182 51 Prague, Czech Republic Abstract: Detection and identification of diseases in their early stages represents one of the major goals of the contemporary medical diagnostics. This need drives a research of biomolecular processes behind the particular diseases and development of analytical devices for routine and long-term monitoring of the individuals' health. Surface plasmon resonance biosensors (SPR) have potential to contribute to addressing both of these challenges. This work aims at advancing multiple aspects of SPR biosensor method. It involves study and optimization of selected functional biomolecular coatings in order to improve the performance characteristics of SPR biosensors. It demonstrates utilization of these coatings in novel detection platforms for sensitive monitoring of multiple analytes, and in research of selected biomolecular interactions related to Alzheimer's disease. The...
Vedené vlny v periodických strukturách a jejich senzorové aplikace
Vala, Milan ; Homola, Jiří (advisor) ; Richter, Ivan (referee)
This work is introduced by the description of fundamental properties of surface plasmons, propagating along the metal-dielectric interface and along the structure with thin metal film surrounded by the dielectrics with identical refractive indices. It is shown, that the excitation of two coupled modes (long-range surface plasmon - LRSP and short-range surface plasmon - SRSP) on symmetrical structure with a thin metal film is possible. Further, a brief overview of surface plasmons applications in optical sensors is presented. The diffractive multi-layer structure supporting LRSP and SRSP modes, which consists of the thin gold film surrounded by the dielectrics with slightly different refractive indices is designed. The diffractive structure is optimized using rigorous integral method for an application in SPR sensor. Diffractive structures with optimal parameters are prepared and characterized optically and using atomic force microscopy. In the end, an application of developed diffractive structure in SPR sensor with wavelength modulation is demonstrated.
Study of biomolecular interactions by the method of surface plasmon resonance
Bocková, Markéta ; Homola, Jiří (advisor)
Title: Study of biomolecular interactions by the method of surface plasmon resonance Author: Markéta Bocková Department: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science Supervisor: Prof. Jiří Homola, Ph.D., DSc., Institute of Photonics and Electronics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Abstract: In this diploma work, a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor technology was exploited to study two different classes of molecular interactions: hybridization of partially complementary oligonucleotides (ONs) and interactions between enzymes and peptides involved in pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). In particular, the study of interactions between ONs was focused on determining kinetic parameters of the hybridization proces. It was found that the association equilibrium constant decreases with the increasing surface probe density. An SPR biosensor-based method for rapid and sensitive detection of the 17-HSD10 enzyme and its complex with amyloid β (Aβ) peptides was designed and developed. It was demonstrated that the developed method is capable of detecting 17β-HSD10/Aβs complex in real cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples and that CSF samples from AD patients exhibited elavated levels of 17β- HSD10/Aβs complex compared to the control groups. The research reported in this thesis resulted in two publications in...
Functional biomolecular coatings for affinity biosensors for medical diagnostics
Hemmerová, Erika ; Homola, Jiří (advisor) ; Procházka, Marek (referee) ; Skládal, Petr (referee)
OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS Title: Functional biomolecular coatings for affinity biosensors for medical diagnostics Author: Erika Hemmerová Department: Institute of Photonics and Electronics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Chaberská 1014/57, 182 51 Prague, Czech Republic Supervisor: Prof. Ing. Jiří Homola, CSc., DSc. Institute of Photonics and Electronics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Chaberská 1014/57, 182 51 Prague, Czech Republic Abstract: Detection and identification of diseases in their early stages represents one of the major goals of the contemporary medical diagnostics. This need drives a research of biomolecular processes behind the particular diseases and development of analytical devices for routine and long-term monitoring of the individuals' health. Surface plasmon resonance biosensors (SPR) have potential to contribute to addressing both of these challenges. This work aims at advancing multiple aspects of SPR biosensor method. It involves study and optimization of selected functional biomolecular coatings in order to improve the performance characteristics of SPR biosensors. It demonstrates utilization of these coatings in novel detection platforms for sensitive monitoring of multiple analytes, and in research of selected biomolecular interactions related to Alzheimer's disease. The...
Multifunctional biomolecular assemblies for parallelized analysis of biomolecular interactions
Bocková, Markéta ; Homola, Jiří (advisor) ; Brynda, Eduard (referee) ; Procházka, Marek (referee)
Title: Multifunctional biomolecular assemblies for parallelized analysis of biomolecular interactions Author: Markéta Bocková Department / Institute: Institute of Physics, Charles University Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: Prof. Jiří Homola, Ph.D., DSc., Institute of Photonics and Electronics, The Czech Academy of Sciences Abstract: Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors represent the most advanced optical method for the direct, real-time monitoring of biomolecular interactions without the need for labelling. This doctoral thesis aims to advance the SPR biosensor method and to expand its utility in the investigation of biomolecular interactions. This encompasses activities on two major fronts of SPR biosensor research - immobilization methods and biosensing methodologies. Methods for the immobilization of biomolecules were researched with the aim of enabling the immobilization of a broad range of biomolecules on the SPR biosensor surface in a spatially controlled manner. The development of novel biosensing methodologies was pursued in order to address the current limitations of SPR biosensors associated with non-specific adsorption and limited analyte transport, and thus to improve the accuracy and robustness of SPR biosensor measurements. Finally, advances in the development of immobilization...
Study of biomolecular interactions by the method of surface plasmon resonance
Bocková, Markéta ; Homola, Jiří (advisor)
Title: Study of biomolecular interactions by the method of surface plasmon resonance Author: Markéta Bocková Department: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science Supervisor: Prof. Jiří Homola, Ph.D., DSc., Institute of Photonics and Electronics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Abstract: In this diploma work, a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor technology was exploited to study two different classes of molecular interactions: hybridization of partially complementary oligonucleotides (ONs) and interactions between enzymes and peptides involved in pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). In particular, the study of interactions between ONs was focused on determining kinetic parameters of the hybridization proces. It was found that the association equilibrium constant decreases with the increasing surface probe density. An SPR biosensor-based method for rapid and sensitive detection of the 17-HSD10 enzyme and its complex with amyloid β (Aβ) peptides was designed and developed. It was demonstrated that the developed method is capable of detecting 17β-HSD10/Aβs complex in real cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples and that CSF samples from AD patients exhibited elavated levels of 17β- HSD10/Aβs complex compared to the control groups. The research reported in this thesis resulted in two publications in...

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See also: similar author names
3 HOMOLA, Jakub
3 Homola, Jakub
3 Homola, Jan
1 Homola, Jaroslav
3 Homola, Ján
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