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Can essential amino acids be considered as copper chelators?
Holotíková, Nikola ; Karlíčková, Jana (advisor) ; Tůmová, Lenka (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Nikola Holotíková Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Karlíčková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Can essential amino acids be considered as copper chelators? Copper is a trace element playing an important role in the human organism. Copper levels in the body have to be carefully controlled because disruption of copper homeostasis can cause oxidative damage which may lead to various pathologies. Chelation of copper can potentially be used as a therapeutic tool. Medical chelators should ideally mimic chelators, especially peptides and proteins which are important for regulation of copper homeostasis. Their structure is formed by amino acids linked by peptide bonds. For this reason, the study is focused on selected amino acids. Proteinogenic amino acids are classified into essential and nonessential. Essential amino acids must be obtained from the diet. The aim of this study was to compare the copper chelation and reduction activity of essential amino acids L-histidine and L-methionine, and nonessential amino acids L-cysteine, its dimer L-cystine, L-aspartic acid and L-glutamic acid. Also a L-cysteine-derived compound, N-acetylcysteine, was tested. All of them were tested using spectrophotometric methods at pHs which...

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