National Repository of Grey Literature 186 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Premature mortality in selected developed countries: causes and trends
Dostál, Martin ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
Premature mortality in selected developed countries: causes and trends Abstract The main goal of the thesis is to describe the overall development of premature mortality and evaluate the development of mortality according to selected groups of causes of death and age groups in selected developed countries of Europe between the years 1999 and 2018. The selected countries for work purposes include the Czechia, Hungary, Sweden, Italy and France. The limit of premature mortality is the age of 70 years. The methods used in this thesis are direct standardization and bivariate decomposition. The results of the analysis showed an improvement in mortality rates in all selected states during almost the entire monitored period. This is proven, for example, by the improvement of the temporary life expectancy between the exact ages of 0 and 70 years. The positive development of premature mortality was mainly contributed by an improvement in mortality from diseases of the circulatory system in older age groups and an improvement in mortality from neoplasms. Key words: premature mortality, causes of death, decomposition, developed countries, Europe
Development and specificity of mortality from selected diseases affecting the respiratory system in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Czechia
Uherková, Adéla ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Development and specificity of mortality from selected diseases affecting the respiratory system in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Czechia Abstract The main topic of this thesis is the development of mortality and its possible specifics for selected diseases affecting the human respiratory system in Czechia between 2000-2021, in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. For the purposes of the thesis, the causes of death were selected across the chapters of the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases published by the World Heatlth Organization. The analyzed causes of death included pneumonia, influenza, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, malignant neoplasm of the lung and bronchus and COVID-19 The first objective of this thesis is to evaluate the trends of mortality from selected diseases in our country over the last twenty- two years (2000-2021) in the context of the pandemic period. The second objective is to describe the seasonal distribution of deaths from a whole group of respiratory diseases, which is compared with the relative distribution of deaths from COVID-19. In the analytical part, the methods used were the standardized mortality rate, the bivariate decomposition of the change in life expectancy at birth, and the decomposition of the monthly time series of the number...
Development of regional differentiation of premature mortality in Czechia in the period 1996-2019
Korytarová, Eliška ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Ukolova, Elizaveta (referee)
Development of regional differentiation of premature mortality in Czechia in the period 1996-2019 Abstract The aim of this thesis is to analyze the premature mortality trends at the national and district levels in the Czech Republic from 1996 to 2019. The analytical tool used is the indicator of Potential Years of Life Lost (PYLL). The results of the analysis confirmed that the level of premature mortality is higher among males. During the study period, there was a significant reduction in premature mortality at both the national and district levels for both males and females. The decline was more pronounced among males. The most common causes of premature death were circulatory system diseases and neoplasms. Between 1996 and 2019, the most significant reduction in premature mortality occurred in diseases of the circulatory system. There was also a substantial decrease in causes of death typical for the infant age group. Regional disparities increased during the study period, and the disparities in premature mortality between districts were more significant among females. Keywords: premature mortality, years of life lost, causes of death, districts, Czechia
The effect of the covid-19 pandemic on the structure and level of mortality in the Czechia and Slovakia in the period 2020-2021
Houdek, Jakub ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
The effect of the covid-19 pandemic on the structure and level of mortality in Czechia and Slovakia in the period 2020-2021 Abstract The aim of this bachelor thesis is a detailed analysis of the impact of pandemic covid-19 on the structure andlevelofmortalityintheCzechRepublicandSlovakiain2020and2021.Todeterminemortalitytrends, an analysis for the years 2012-2019 was also performed. The thesis uses mainly standardized mortality rates, life expectancy at birth and its decomposition by age groups and selected groups of causes of death. The data used came from the Czech Statistical Office and the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Between 2012 and 2019, mortality rates decreased in both countries, especially for circulatory system diseases. The higher intensity of mortality in 2020 was mainly due to mortality from covid-19 in both countries, and to a lesser extent also to mortality from diseases of the circulatory system and, in the Czech Republic, to the group of other causes of death. In 2021, the level of mortality from covid-19 was at least two and a half times higher in both study countries compared to 2020. In the Czech Republic, mortality from most of the selected causes of death decreased in 2021, while in Slovakia mortality from circulatory...
Development and specificity of mortality from selected diseases affecting the respiratory system in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Czechia
Uherková, Adéla ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Development and specificity of mortality from selected diseases affecting the respiratory system in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Czechia Abstract The main topic of this thesis was the development of mortality and its possible specifics for selected diseases affecting the human respiratory system in Czechia between the years 2000 and 2021. For the purposes of the thesis, the causes of death were selected across the chapters of the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases published by the WHO. The analyzed causes of death included pneumonia, influenza, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (from Chapter X - Diseases of the respiratory system), malignant neoplasm of the lung and bronchus (from Chapter II - Neoplasms). The theoretical part of the thesis introduces the basic concepts related to the studied topic. The individual diseases studied are also described in more detail. The data used for the analysis were from the Czech Statistical Office and from the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic. In the analytical part, the methods used were the standardized mortality rate, the bivariate decomposition method of the change in life expectancy at birth between the observed years, and the decomposition of the monthly time series of the number of deaths was used for the...
Analysis of associations between multiple causes of death using methods of network analysis
Ukolova, Elizaveta ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Lustigová, Michala (referee)
The aim of the thesis is the application of network analysis methods in the study of relationships between multiple causes of death. As a result of increasing life expectancy and of the growing proportion of people dying from chronic diseases in developed countries, the analysis of multiple causes of death may be a relevant topic, as this approach makes it possible to analyse the circumstances of dying, not just the single cause initiating the entire disease chain leading to death. The purpose of this work is to construct the system of causes of death, in which the complexity of the relationships between the causes of death reported on the death certificate would be captured. First network is created from the first part of the death certificate, and we distinguish between the "causing" condition and the consequent one in a pair of multiple causes of death. The second network is designed for the second part of the death certificate, and in this network, we do not differentiate the direction of the link. Networks are then analysed with various centrality measures and community detection, and we also examine neighbours of selected diseases. Essential part of the thesis is the explanatory analysis of multiple causes of death, because it determines methods later used in network analysis. It was found...
Analysis of the regional development of mortality in NUTS 3 regions in Czechia and Sweden during 1997-2011
Trajer, Jiří ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
Analysis of the regional development of mortality in NUTS 3 regions in Czechia and Sweden during 1997-2011 Abstract The aim of this thesis is to analyze and describe the development of regional mortality in Czechia and Sweden from 1997 to 2011. Besides of total mortality of both countries and their regions we will focus on the development of regional mortality and regional differentiation of mortality from five most common causes of death for both sexes. These five groups include diseases of circulatory, respiratory and digestive system and neoplasms with external causes of morbidity and mortality. As a basic indicator from selected causes of death is used age-standardized mortality rate and in case of total mortality is also used life expectancy. In both countries the raise of life expectancy and decline of standardized mortality rates were observed during the monitored period. The decline of standardized mortality rates were observed in both countries for almost all causes of death with one exception. The exception was rise of the mortality from respiratory system diseases in Czechia. Keywords: mortality, regional analysis, causes of death, Czechia, Sweden, regional inequalities
The development of death rates due to selected neoplasms in the European union between the years 1996-2010
Chaloupka, Ondřej ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
In all of the developed countries, malignant neoplasms are, along with cardiovascular diseases, among the most frequent causes of death. This tendency persists in the European Union countries for many years. The goal of this diploma thesis is to analyze the development of mortality caused by selected malignant neoplasms in the European Union countries from the year 1996 until 2010. The analysis is divided into 4 sections. Aside from standard demographic methods of evaluating the mortality rates by means of age-adjusted death rates calculation, statistical methods are used in this thesis as well. Primary methods used are Joinpoint regression, analysis of the course of specific death rates according to age groups and cluster analysis. In the observed period of time, mortality caused by stomach, cervical, and within the male population also respiratory tract malignant neoplasms declines. On the contrary, within the female population, the death rate caused by respiratory tract malignant neoplasms increases. Malignant skin melanoma represent a great future danger concerning the male population, and malignant pancreatic neoplasms concerning both genders. Over the observed time period, malignant skin melanoma death rate almost doubled in some of the countries. Within the European Union, the variations...

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