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Economic Transformation and Inequality: Czech Republic, 1978-2016
Bernard, Adam ; Šedivý, Marek (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
The thesis is primarily focused on the analysis and description of the de- velopment of the gender wage gap in the Czech Republic before and after the Czech economic transformation. We studied and adjusted the datasets at the household level from two different sources Czech Social Science Data Archive (CSSDA) and Luxembourg Income Study Database (LIS) to ensure compati- ble results that are comparable for each year. Using the method of ordinary least squares regression we aimed to calculate the adjusted gender wage gap and compare the development of wage influencing factors. As a result of the study we found out that the gender wage gap follows a U-shaped trend with differences between male and female wages being 28% in 1978, then reaching 18% in 2004 and further declining to 23.3% in 2016. We observed a significant increase in marginal returns to tertiary education before and after the trans- formation. When comparing separate male and female population predictors, we observe opposite returns to having children and being married, positive for men and negative for women throughout the observed period. The contribution of this research lies mainly in providing comparable figures for all the observed years and may help us better understand the underwent changes concerning wage inequality. 1

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2 Bernard, Aleš
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