National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The portrayal of law in the movie
Muschaliková, Dominika ; Urban, Michal (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
The portrayal of law in television programs on the example of the series Judge Barbara Dominika Muschaliková Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the depiction of law and lawyers in Czech serial production on the example of the TV show Judge Barbara. It analysis means the creators use to capture the judicial environment and the impressions of the judicial environment viewers get from the show. It also compares this depiction with reality and evaluates the educational potential of the show. The second part seeks to answer the question of whether it is ethically permissible for real judges and lawyers to participate in the production of these programs, draws attention to the complexities of professional advice on television production and gives future legal advisers recommendations how to proceed when asked to partipate in such project. Key words Portrayal, law, television, court proceedings, TV shows, Judge Barbara
Contemporary populism in Europe
Senft, Matěj ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Thesis title: Contemporary populism in Europe This thesis maps the development of populism across Europe and investigates its manifestations and core elements in its complexity, which is the groundwork for analysis of populist party, movement or individual. Populism is not considered solely as the relieving strategy meant to maximize the voter's votes by comprehensible, straightforward and hardly feasible promises. Without this attitude in mind, we would hardly be able to put some reason behind the populist boom, which we had chance to witness during the last decade. Therefore this thesis considers populism as the ideological construct, the way politicians present themselves, the rhetorics, the mastered political style or the structure, which provides the foundations of programme documents of political movements and parties. It would be a mistake to a priori consider it as some kind of purely negative phenomenon, but more of as the reflection of various and continuously changing demands of European electorates. Desperation, which mainstream parties evoke in their voters, is toxic and continues to spread across all society classes. This creates a space for various populists to dominate. Thus while tracking their activities, specific kind of critical thinking is necessary, because populists...
Identity, time and law
Mucala, Václav ; Agha, Petr (advisor) ; Kosek, Jan (referee)
Time is epistemoligical problem. As such it has its relevance within quetsions of law, legitimity of law and its social recognition. Subject of law or subject under the law can be a human being. In language of George Herbert Mead we can speak about crossing of temproal perspectives and construction of institutions and related identites by taking on the perspective of generalized other. On the next level of theoretical abstraction it is possible to speak about operatively closed and functionally differentiated systemic communication as an epistemic subject itself. Human identity in such notion is dissolved in plurality of communicatioun discourses and with relevance to law it could be concieved as semantic artefact created by legal communication. Within such theoretical frame it is possible to speak about identity of law based on operative closure with its own dynamics and temporality. Diploma thesis takes into consideration popular notion of fast societal change and speed up of institutional transformation. With relation to first, more theoretical part it follows arguments about threat to democracy caused by disappearance of latencies in decision making and shortening of time for intersubjectivity. Trust and strong civic society is described as necessity in lowering of transaction cost within...
Globalization and its effects on law (with emphasis on environment protection legislation)
Petrusek, Kryštof ; Agha, Petr (advisor) ; Urban, Michal (referee)
Thesis Title: Globalization and its effects on law This thesis deals with the phenomenon of globalization and its consequences for law. Due to the fact, that the concept of globalization is very extensive, the thesis focuses only on selected aspects of law as a social phenomenon. In this sense, law is perceived as a political tool for the involvement of other subjects in its creation, which naturally leads to the disruption of the centuries-old role of the state as a hegemon of legislative norm-making. The thesis is divided into three parts, whilst the first chapter focuses on the phenomenon and genesis of globalization as such. It points to its frequent criticisms and concludes that, despite all the shortcomings, it is a very positive process, which ultimately makes the world society as a whole wealthier. Recently, however, the concept of globalization has been discussed at political levels, especially in the context of Brexit and the election of Donald Trump in 2016. The aim of this chapter is to point out the fact that even these elections need to be perceived from the perspective of disillusionment with the process of globalization and its non- economical and rather cultural aspects. However, it must be said that this hypothesis has only been confirmed indirectly and it is appropriate to...
The Law and Art - Symbolism, Aesthetics, Architecture
Ševečka, Daniel ; Agha, Petr (advisor) ; Kosek, Jan (referee)
The Law and Art - Symbolism, Aesthetics, Architecture Abstract The Law and Art can be considered as a field of legal science or as a part of the theory of law, which is beginning to enjoy the interest of lawyers and legal scientists and theoreticians. However, this is not an area of law dealing with the Art Law. The Art Law focuses more on intellectual property law and the application of law in the world of art and artists. This thesis analyzes the theoretical question of whether the law can be understood as a distinct artistic discipline. So called beautiful art. This question also is the main hypothesis of this thesis. The thesis consists of five backbone chapters, in which the author, with the help of partial hypotheses and submitting as much information as possible, seeks to defend or refute the main hypothesis. As a by-product of the research done, the author also introduces a new term "The Art of Law". The Art of Law is supposed to represent possible ways and (the) ways of the connections of particular beautiful and applied arts with the law as a field of human activity. The aim of the thesis is not only to provide comprehensive and definitive answers to the main hypothesis (but also to a comprehensive explanation of the concept of the Art of Law) likewise an effort to set up a stimulating environment...
Liberal democracy and its enemies
Slanina, Daniel ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Nowadays liberal democracy is faced with a crisis bought mainly by the liberal-democratic elites with their approach and the politics they established during the period of boundless triumphalism in the 1990s. Sand castles, whether it was the inevitability of progress or capitalism as a miraculous elixir to all the ills of society at the time, built during this period, began to crumble like a house of cards. Associated with the financial crisis that erupted in the United States in 2007 it spread practically all over the world. The period of the global financial crisis has shown that the creation of a legal framework, building of a conscious civil society and the system of values on which the society is built and identifies with them, or the construction of a liberal-democratic identity fell behind economic transformation and economic growth after 1989 and the people's relationship to liberal democracy was built primarily on economic aspects. This created space for those who for many years hid rather in the shadows, on the edge of the spectrum of political power. A fraction of the liberal-democratic elites, with their approach and politics of a kind of arrogance of power and the style of labeling their opponents, have turned against them even those who a priori did not have a negative attitude...
Legal and ethical aspects of the regulation of autonomous systems. Artificial intelligence and law
Hospodková Tadevosjanová, Laura ; Urban, Michal (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
In connection with the development of autonomous systems supporting artificial intelligence technologies, respectively machine learning, there is a growing concern both in the public and in the media, as well as among legislators and developers. Naturally, such concerns have naturally arisen in the case of other, earlier technologies, but it is clear that there is something atypical in the case of modern technologies. The period when robots, artificial intelligence and other autonomous systems were only a sci-fi topic is already to some extent obsolete and autonomous systems in various forms have been reaching a large number of areas for several years and represent an integral element of the world around us. In practice, more and more companies are engaged in the development of autonomous systems equipped with artificial intelligence, especially the development of chatbots, autonomous vehicles or autonomous drones is nowadays a good example that the operation of similar systems is not so far from reality. In the first and subsequent second chapter, the paper deals in general with an introduction to the topic of autonomous systems with an emphasis on artificial intelligence, respectively machine learning technologies, description of society's ideas of these new technologies, basic defining features...
Politics, Identity and Nation From the perspective of social psychology: Do we need an integrative national identity?
Kosíková, Terezie ; Agha, Petr (advisor) ; Kosek, Jan (referee)
Politics, Identity and Nation Abstract National identity is a current and frequently discussed topic. Nevertheless, there seems to be no consensus on its definition in the academic community. However, national identity remains a major part of the citizen's life and is essential for the functioning of a democratic rule of law. Therefore, I chose the aim of my work, to look at the topic of national identity from a normative point of view and ask the question: "Is it possible to actively redefine a national identity?" This redefining into more integrative identity could be an answer to many of today's challenges, such as the increasing number of migrants, polarization by identity politics or the growing separatist and nationalist groups within states. Because I chose a broad topic, I decided to describe it and map it from the perspective of different approaches. The first part deals with the concept of identity, where I use Tajfel's Theory of Social Identity in the field of social psychology. In the second part, I deal with the history of national identity and related concepts such as nation and citizenship, which I explain on theories of the field of political science and political philosophy. The theoretical understanding should then serve to orient and lay the foundations for understanding national...
Modern states and genocides: the fate of Turkish Armenians and European Jews
Langrová, Martina ; Kosek, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
1 Abstract: Modern states and genocides: the fate of Turkish Armenians and European Jews This thesis focuses on the relationship of the modern state and genocide and examines how the formation of the modern state influences the development of crime of genocide. It also deals with the similarities and differences between the Armenian genocide and the genocide of the Jews. The work has set two goals. Comparison of both genocides, finding their intersection in relation to the modern state. Furthermore, the approach of the international community to the recognition of the Armenian genocide, which is still an important international theme, and the reasons why it is so. The first part discusses the development of international criminal law, the development of the term genocide and the way of settling the crime of genocide in the legal system. The next chapter focuses on the Armenian genocide. It describes in detail the causes, course and means that have been used to resolve the Armenian issue, including how international society has subsequently dealt with this situation. The following part deals with the basic aspects of the Holocaust in order to explain its course and the reasons for its origin. The Armenian genocide has more space in this part of the work than the Holocaust, as the Holocaust is used here for...
Genocide, Holocaust and Law
Veselá, Karolína ; Kosek, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Genocide, Holocaust and Law The topic of my thesis is Genocide, Holocaust and Law. The purpose of work is to reflect on the power of law surrounding mass murder. More specifically, it reflects on whether it is possible to use the law to carry out genocide or whether there is no connection. The main emphasis is placed on the genocide of the Jews (the Holocaust) and Nazi Law (both natural and positive). The thesis is divided into three main chapters which correspond to the title itself. The first chapter deals with genocide. It is divided into two main parts. First, genocide is generally described as an international crime, as the definition itself has been developed and a more detailed analysis of the general term genocide. The second part presents historical examples of genocides that preceded the Holocaust and their simple comparison with the Holocaust. More precisely, these are the Armenian Genocide, the Tasmanian Genocide, and the genocides perpetrated by the Mongol Empire. The second chapter deals with the Holocaust in the broader sense of the term - the period from 1933-1945. It is divided into seven subchapters. First, the difference between the Holocaust and other genocides is described in more detail, and the classification of the Holocaust as an industrial genocide is explained. The...

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