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Change of the state's approach to education of children after 1917 in RSFSR
Jasenčáková, Miroslava ; Kolenovská, Daniela (advisor) ; Vydra, Zbyněk (referee) ; Šaur, Josef (referee)
After 1917, the territory of the former tsarist Russia witnessed significant changes in society. One of them was a different approach to children's education. The emerging Soviet state sought to create a new modern society based on the Bolshevik concept of communism. In relation to children and youth, it deliberately sought to create an educational system with the aim of forming a new Soviet person from an early age. This dissertation explores the nature of the connection between pre-war and post-war Russian, or Soviet, pedagogy, how the Bolsheviks were able to use modern methods of education to their advantage, and what the implications of this were for the education of Soviet children and youth. The thesis first presents, in general terms, the theoretical framework of Bolshevik considerations on the emergence of a new society and explains how the understanding of the concept of the "new man" evolved. It presents the theoretical conception of the 'new Soviet man' and also specifies the reasons why children and youth were the ideal population group for the Bolshevik government to expect to begin the rebuilding of society. In particular, the dissertation traces the transformation of the education system in the forming Soviet Union from 1917 to the early 1930s. It first focuses on the Bolsheviks'...

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1 ŠAUR, Josef
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