National Repository of Grey Literature 154 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Social environment as a risk factor for betting addiction development in athletes in out-patient treatment for gamblers
Horáková, Dita ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Drbohlavová, Barbora (referee)
Sociální prostředí jako rizikový faktor pro kurzovém sázení u sportovců léčících se v ambulanci pro gamblery zaměřuje na tři životní období klientů Poradny pro nelátkové závislosti Prevent. Obecně je problematika hazardního hraní v ČR velice aktuální téma. S regulací heren a novou ČR vystupuje do popředí problematika kurzového sázení. V 14 došlo k nárůstu podílu populace, která má zkušenosti s hazardní hrou. Nejvyšší nárůst (Mravčík et al., 2018) Cílem této práce je zmapovat a popsat sociální faktory, které měli přímý vliv na vznik a rozvoj závislosti na kurzovém sázení u sportovců léčících se v ambulantní léčbě. Práce se zaměřuje na tři životní období respondentů. Prvním zkoumaným životním obdobím období počátků sázení a první zkušenosti s hazardem, druhým životním obdobím je přechod z ní do závislosti a třetí ži respondenti rozhodli jít léčit. U všech třech etap života respondentů jsou mapovány a popsány veškeré sociální vlivy a interakce s Práce je založena na metodě kvalitativního výzkumu a vychází z zakotvené teorie a otevřeného kódování. Pro sběr dat byl použit polostrukturovaný rozhovor, který umožnil flexibilitu při samotné formulaci otázek a jejím případném doplnění dalšími otázkami a tím přesnějším získáním potřebných dat. Výzkumu se zúčastnilo celkem šest respondentů, kteří v té době byli...
The significance of symptoms of the conflict in close relationships of players in the diagnostics of online and offline gaming addiction
Kolitsch, Karel ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Petra (referee)
BACKGROUND: Playing computer games is a favourite way to have fun since the end of the 20th century. The age of users rises together with the development of games and many gamers are nowadays middle-aged. Despite the growing number of research dealing with the issue of playing computer games, this phenomenon lacks a comprehensive definition and method of diagnosis. In some diagnostic tools, the conflict between gamers and a close person is the main and key criterion. AIM: The main aim of the research is to describe the symptoms of conflict in the close relationships of computer games players. A partial goal is to compare conflicts in close relationships in addicted or threatened by addiction gamers and non-addicted gamers. METHODS: The concept of the research is based on a qualitative research methodology. Respondents were recruited using the snow ball selection method and selected by targeted selection based on predefined criteria. The research sample consisted of 36 respondents. 18 were computer games players and 18 were close persons. All respondents took part in a semi- structured interview. The obtained data was analyzed using the pattern capture and comparison method. RESULTS: Symptoms of conflict in the close relationships of computer game players have been described by individual...
Hagiotherapy and its benefits from the point of view of women who underwent alcohol addiction treatment in the Psychiatric Hospital Bohnice and are now abstaining
Miklasová, Iveta ; Remeš, Prokop (advisor) ; Vacek, Jaroslav (referee)
The topic of my bachelor thesis is Hagiotherapy and its benefits regarded by women who underwent institutional alcohol addiction treatment in Psychiatric hospital Bohnice and who abstain now. Hagiotherapy is a psychotherapeutic method, its name comes from Greek "therapeia" - care, treatment and "hagios" - saint, pure, holy. Hagiotherapy is a form of bibliotherapy which uses Holy Scripture as a mirror. Unlike the speech-based therapy ordinarily used among psychological means it carries a strong expressive context consisting in parallels from chosen biblical stories and the therapy is also based on the therapist himself who uses those stories and appropriate situational rituals. The aim of my thesis is to find the possible benefits of hagiotherapy for alcohol addicted women during their institutional treatment and our aim is to determine whether the women consider the method beneficial and effective in relation to their life in abstinence. In the theoretical part we first clarify some basic terms connected with addiction and its treatment. Then we treat therapeutic methods in alcohol addiction treatment, including hagiotherapy, which makes part of the process of treating alcohol addicted women in Psychiatric hospital Bohnice for a quarter century. The practical part describes the research process....
Online gaming addiction in the personal history of adolescents who use drugs harmfully
Metelková, Marcela ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Zachová, Kateřina (referee)
Background: Behavioral addictions, particularly so-called online addictions, have become a highly active research area. Nowadays, addictive behavior towards computer games can be included into other risky activities in adolescence such as substance abuse. The connection to personality traits is now being studied by many mental health professionals. The idea of correlation between the effect of excessive online gaming and the personal history of adolescents who are currently treated in a juvenile facility for substance abuse led me towards writing this study. Aims: This thesis aims to present the connection between addictive behavior and online gaming, specifically, the connection between playing computer games in childhood and excessive substance abuse later in adolescence. The goal of this study is to describe the development of excessive online gaming towards substance abuse in the cases of chosen adolescents. The thesis focuses on the occurrence of the combination of selected phenomena in the subject's development considering motivation, while also looking at the personal experiences of respondents. The study of personality traits is also specifically studied in connection to high-risk behavior and other factors that may influence the development of addictive behavior. Methods: The concept of...
Early Detection of Pathological Gambling - Survey among GPs
Pavlíková, Zuzana ; Roznerová, Tereza (advisor) ; Vacek, Jaroslav (referee)
Background: The Bachelor thesis "Early Detection of Pathological Gambling - Survey among GPs" deals with the issue of pathological gambling and the key role of GPs in this diagnosis. Pathological gambling also affects the health of an individual - causing stress, back pain and others. Therefore, it is important for GPs to realise this connection and then attempt to detect the issue early on with the help of screening tools. This thesis is divided into a theoretical part, dealing with the problems of pathological gambling, definition of concepts, interventions, impacts, prevention as well as professional treatments, and a practical part, which deals with the research itself. Aim: The aim of the research is to evaluate the interest of GPs in the field of pathological gambling in their patients. At the same time, it provides the basis for more detailed research in this area. Methods: A quantitative research method in the form of an online questionnaire created on Google forms, which was distributed by e-mail contact to GPs was used to obtain the data. Results: Overall, results show that although GPs are aware of the risks associated with pathological gambling, only a small part of them use any screening tools. The low interest of GPs may be in direct relation with an inadequate amount of information...
Addictive behavior on the Internet in relation to family environment in students of 7th-9th grades of primary schools in Pribram
Majerová, Žaneta ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Richterová, Lenka (referee)
Background: The Internet has become a regular part of our everyday life. Its use carries not only many indisputable advantages, but also certain risks - addictive behavior being one of them. Therefore, it is not surprising that many studies deal with this issue. Although several foreign studies have examined the connection between this phenomenon and selected factors of the family environment, I have not observed any such specific study in the Czech Republic. Aims: The aim of the theoretical part of this thesis is to provide information about an addictive behavior on the Internet, the family and its role in the life of an individual, in order to introduce the studies that have already been carried out. These were concerned with selected factors of the family environment in connection with addictive behavior on the Internet. The practical part of this thesis consists of my own research aimed at finding the prevalence of addictive behavior on the Internet and examining the connection between this phenomenon and the respondents' gender, divorce of parents, parents' education and types of family. Methods: The aims of the theoretical part of this bachelor thesis were achieved with the study of selected literature. Furthermore, the questions of the practical part were answered on the basis of evaluation...
Perception of experience of online gaming in connection with addictive behaviour
Hrdinová, Petra ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Petra (referee)
Introduction: the playing of massively multiplayer online role - playing games (MMORPG) has been connected with computer technologies for few years. Despite the fact that the addiction on online role playing game is not officially in MKN - 10, it takes after gaming disorder following place within behavioral addictions. Aim: the main aim of the work was to describe the perception of subjective experience of gamers playing online games. Research questions regarded types of experience of gamers, incidence of addiction behavior, gamers differences in experience with and without addiction symptoms. Final question concerned gamers ability to be aware of addiction behavior. Methods and sample: the intentional sampling was used to obtain participants, including snow ball method through informants. Subsequently semistructured interviews were carried out. All participants filled out the record sheet showing sociodemographic data and questionairre of online gaming addiction. The research group consist of 9 participants, their mean gaming time was 15 hours per week, the participants ranged in age from 17 to 40 years. Results: from the interviews taken a few themes emerged. Subjective gamer's experience were positive and negative, positive dominated by most of gamers. In context of experience, the majority...
Anabolic steroids use among public order police officers of Police of the Czech Republic
Bažant, Matěj ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (referee)
The subject of this study is the recognition of the link between service in the Police of the Czech Republic (PCR) and abuse of substances for supporting muscle growth and anabolic steroids. The service of PCR officer is often been connected to physical strenght and psychical resistence, which is given by training, personality and self-confidence of the officer. Masculinity and muscular body is seen by some officers as essential for this job and the standard there is shifted when compared to the other people. Anabolic Steroids - substances accesible on the illicit market - can be abused for fast muscle growth and outreaching the limits of ordinary man. The first part of this study is theoretical part, in which the aspects of police service are described, as they are risk factors for development of exercise addiction and abuse of substances for supporting muscle growth. The second part is practical part, where the research is described among the PCR officers, who are exercising regularly and are ranked in the Public Order Police Service. This research is searching for similarities between usage of supplements and Anabolic Steroids and subjectively viewed professional requirements. Also the amount of subjectively seen medical problems was compared between group of steroid-using officers and those...
The prevalence of addictive behavior on the Internet and substance use among university students in the humanities and technical field
Kropáčková, Sabina ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Petra (referee)
At present, the topic of addictive behaviour on the Internet is a highly discussed topic. In conjunction with it, young adults are increasingly emerging as a vulnerable group, specifically individuals entering university. Students of different learning backgrounds also have different hobbies in the online world. Drug experiments often take place during this period. The main objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of addictive behaviour on the Internet and the use of addictive substances in two completely different university disciplines. Another objective was to find out whether there are any differences in the results of the respondents and whether there are some connections in the phenomena studied. The research was conducted at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Charles University and the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at CTU. For the purposes of this research, a questionnaire was selected, the questionnaire comprised of these standardized questionnaires: a Griffith questionnaire, selected questions from the European School Study on Alcohol and Other Drugs, the CAGE Questionnaire, the CAST questionnaire and the EIUS questionnaire by Škařupová. Respondents were first selected by means of deliberate purposeful selection. The next step in selecting the research file was...
Monitoring the effect of the primarily preventive program Unplugged in children whose mothers drink alcohol at a frequency higher than once a week.
Jandáč, Tomáš ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Gabrhelík, Roman (referee)
BACKGROUND - Foreign studies submit parental, maternal substance abuse increase children's risk behavior such alcohol drinking. Czech studies submit school-based prevention program Unplugged has significant positive influence on marihuana children's smoking. AIMS - The research is needed to reveal the influence of school-based prevention program Unplugged on children's alcohol drinking. Children's difference is in mothers. Mothers who drink alcohol more than once a week and mothers who drink alcohol less once a week. METHODS - Research data were obtained by using czech version of European Family Empowerment Questionnaire in seven data mining waves between 2013 and 2017. Children's and parental questionnairies were paired. The final count of questionnairies is 8338 and we analyzed them with GEE (generalized estimation equation) in SPSS. RESULTS - School-based prevention program Unplugged has not significant influence on children 's drinking with mothers who drink alcohol more than once a week. The program increase likelihood of children's drunkeness in last 30 days in children with mothers who drink less than once a week. The odd of drunkeness is 52,2 %. CONCLUSION - We recommend discussion on efective statistical evaluation of school-based prevention programs. We recommend to include parents in...

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