National Repository of Grey Literature 97 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Study of interactions between protein kinase CaMKK2 and calmodulin using fluorescence spectroscopy.
Mikulů, Martina ; Obšil, Tomáš (advisor) ; Pavlíček, Jiří (referee)
Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent kinases are members of CaMK family, which is involved in CaMK cascade. One of CaMK family members is Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2), which is activated by Ca2+ /CaM-binding. There are some structural differences between CaMKK2 and other protein kinases, one of them is a structure near αE-helix and autoinhibitory domain. Due to the overlap of autoinhibitory domain and Ca2+ /CaM-binding domain it can be supposed that Ca2+ /CaM-binding induces structural changes near autoinhibitory do- main and thus can affect the accessibility of this region. CaMKK2 W445F mutant, which contains only one tryptophane residue Trp374 close to the αE-helix, was expressed and purified. Structural changes in this region were monitored using tryptophan fluorescence intensity quenching experiments, which can provide information about the accessibility of region surrounding tryptophan residue. The fluorescence of Trp374 was quenched using acrylamide. Comparison of fluorescence quenching experiments performed in the presence and absence of calmodulin suggests that the complex formation induces structural change in the region surrounding Trp374 . 1
Study of interactions between low-molecular mass compounds and the DNA-binding domain of forkhead transcription factor FOXO3
Kohoutová, Klára ; Obšil, Tomáš (advisor) ; Žáková, Lenka (referee)
This bachelor thesis is part of a project focused on studying low-molecular mass compounds able to inhibit the interaction between DNA-binding domain of human forkhead transcription factor FOXO3 and the target DNA. FOXO3 is one of four members of FOXO class transcription factors which belong to forkhead family of transcription factors. Forkhead transcription factors are evolutionary conserved proteins playing important roles in numerous cellular processes. These include cell-cycle regulation, oxidative stress response, control of cellular metabolism and apoptosis. FOXO3 plays an important role in cancer cells where it acts not only as a tumor suppressor but also can enhance their resistance to chemotherapy. Considering its biological functions, the study of small-molecule inhibitors of FOXO3 transcription factor is of particular importance. This bachelor thesis was focused on compound S9 oxalate as a potential inhibitor of FOXO3-DNA interaction. Main goals of this thesis were: (I) preparation of both unlabeled and 15 N labeled DNA- binding domain of FOXO3 transcription factor, (II) characterization of interactions between FOXO3 DBD and compound S9 oxalate using NMR and electrophoretic mobility shift analysis (EMSA), and (III) prediction of binding conformation and interactions between FOXO3 DBD and...
Zinc-Dependent Hydrolases: Structure-Function Study of Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II and Histone Deacetylase 6
Škultétyová, Ľubica ; Bařinka, Cyril (advisor) ; Obšil, Tomáš (referee) ; Novák, Petr (referee)
Zinc-binding proteins represent approximately one tenth of the proteome and a good portion of them are zinc-dependent hydrolases. This thesis focuses on biochemical and structural characterization of glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) and histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), two members of the zinc-dependent metallohydrolase superfamily. We describe here their interactions with natural substrates and inhibitors. GCPII is a homodimeric membrane protease catalyzing hydrolytic cleavage of glutamate from the neurotransmitter N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) and dietary folates in the central and peripheral nervous systems and small intestine, respectively. This enzyme is associated with several neurological disorders and also presents an ideal target for imaging and treatment of prostate cancer. GCPII inhibitors typically consist of a zinc-binding group (ZBG) linked to an S1' docking moiety (a glutamate moiety or its isostere). As such, these compounds are highly hydrophilic molecules therefore unable to cross the blood-brain barrier and this hampers targeting GCPII to the central nervous system. Different approaches are adopted to alter the S1' docking moiety of the existing inhibitors. As a part of this thesis, we present different strategies relying on replacement of the canonical P1' glutamate residue...
Identification of small compounds disrupting protein-protein interaction in influenza A polymerase.
Hejdánek, Jakub ; Konvalinka, Jan (advisor) ; Obšil, Tomáš (referee)
Influenza virus causes severe respiratory infections in birds and mammals and it is responsible for up to half a million deaths of human beings worldwide each year. Two molecular targets in influenza viral life cycle, neuraminidase and M2 proton channel are exploited in treatment. However, the recent emergence of new pandemic type along with increasing resistance against approved drugs has urged the need for a new drug target discovery and potential search of its inhibitor. Recently, an interesting protein-protein interaction between two subunits PA and PB1 of influenza A viral polymerase has been identified by X-ray crystallography as a new promising drug target. The fact that relatively few residues drive the binding and that the binding interface is highly conserved presents an intriguing possibility to identify antiviral lead compounds effective against all subtypes of influenza A virus. In our laboratory, we expressed and purified two fusion tag constructs of the recombinant C-terminal domain of polymerase acidic subunit (CPA) from the pandemic isolate A/California/07/2009 H1N1. First, GST-CPA fusion protein was used for kinetic evaluation of PA-PB1 interaction by surface plasmon resonance. Moreover, this construct was used in the development of high-throughput screening method for search of...
Molecular mechanisms and functions of 14-3-3 proteins
Šilhán, Jan ; Obšil, Tomáš (advisor) ; Krůšek, Jan (referee) ; Schneider, Bohdan (referee)
Závěr Hlavním cílem této doktorské práce bylo objasnění molekulárních mechanismů funkce 14-3-3 proteinů a vlivu na proteiny FOXO4 a tyrosinhydroxylasu. V první časti této práce (publikace I) byla potvrzena předložená hypotéza polohy Cterminálního konce molekuly 14-3-3. Bylo ukázáno, že v nepřítomnosti ligandu se Cterminální konec nachází ve vazebném místě a brání tak vstupu ligandů. Po vazbě fosforylovaných ligandů, dochází k velmi silné vazbě a vytěsnění C-terminálního konce 14-3- 3 proteinu z vazebného místa. Tyto výsledky jsou v souladu s původními pracemi, které navrhly důležitost tohoto segmentu jako inhibitoru nepatřičných ligandů. Druhá část této doktorské práce poskytuje rozsáhlý popis vlivu 14-3-3 proteinů na transkripční faktory FOXO4. S použitím stacionární a časově-rozlišené fluorescence byla studována interakce 14-3-3 proteinu s fosforylovaným transkripčním faktorem FOXO4. Navázání 14-3-3 proteinu způsobuje rozpad komplexu FOXO4:DNA. Tato část práce charakterizuje interakci 14-3-3 proteinu s DNA-vazebnou doménou FOXO4. Výsledky neprokázaly výrazné konformační změny v rámci DNA-vazebné domény. Spíše dochází ke sterickému bránění vazby DNA (publikace II). Ve třetí části se práce zabývá studiem interakcí 14-3-3 s fosforylovaným ligandem odvozeným od C-konce enzymu serotonin N-acetyltransferasa...
Design of docking station for mobile robot
Obšil, Tomáš ; Houfek, Martin (referee) ; Krejsa, Jiří (advisor)
The aim of this diploma thesis is design of docking station for an autonomous mobile robot Breach. The task of docking station is to connect this robotic device to power supply without human intervention in order to charge its batteries. The theoretical part of diploma thesis contains research study about autonomous charging of robots. After that it is assessed suitability of using different types of docking stations and it was chosen optimal solution. The practice part of diploma thesis contains design of docking mechanism, which takes account of inaccurate navigation of robot with deviation of several centimeters. One part of this design deals with connector system, which is dimensioned for long-term transmission of electric current with minimal value of 20 A. At the end of diploma thesis there was created 3D model of the complete docking station including connectors for charging in program called SolidWorks.
The effect of peptides derived from protein transmembrane domains on membranes
Olšinová, Marie ; Cebecauer, Marek (advisor) ; Obšil, Tomáš (referee) ; Vácha, Robert (referee)
Rich structure of cell membranes raises broad number of questions regarding the mechanisms driving and regulating processes taking place on membranes. The thesis presents four articles investigating organization of lipid membranes and peptide-lipid interactions. The experiments were performed on model lipid membranes. These simplified systems that partially mimic cell membranes enable to study protein-lipid interactions at the molecular level and membrane physico-chemical properties in a controlled way. Advanced fluorescence techniques such as FCS, TDFS, FLIM and anisotropy were used for the system characterization. First publication describes newly designed fluorescence dyes based on boron dipyrromethene structure, the so- called molecular rotors, which are reported to be viscosity-sensitive probes. Detailed analysis of fluorescence lifetime of excited state of the molecular rotors inserted into lipid membranes showed diverse incorporation of dyes into membranes and their reorientation in membranes of different rigidity. The second part investigates existence of lipid nanodomains in membranes caused by the presence of a cross-linker. Even though standard fluorescence microscopy techniques do not allow direct visualization of the nanodomains, we were able to detect these structures by employment of...

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