Národní úložiště šedé literatury Nalezeno 4 záznamů.  Hledání trvalo 0.01 vteřin. 
LOW CYCLE FATIGUE BEHAVIOR AND FATIGUE CRACK INITIATION IN MAR-M247 AT 700 °C
Šulák, Ivo ; Obrtlík, Karel ; Hrbáček, K.
The second generation nickel-based superalloy MAR-M247 offers a satisfying combination of fatigue and creep properties and oxidation and corrosion resistance that are required for application at elevated temperatures in hostile environments. The microstructure consists mainly of the face centred cubic γ matrix and ordered γ´ strengthening precipitates (L12 crystal structure). The present work focuses on low cycle fatigue (LCF) behaviour of polycrystalline nickel-based superalloy MAR-M247 at high temperature. LCF tests were conducted on cylindrical specimens in a symmetrical push-pull cycle under strain control with constant total strain amplitude and strain rate at 700 °C in ambient air. Cyclic stress-strain curves and fatigue life curves in the representation of plastic strain amplitude vs. stress amplitude and stress amplitude vs. the number of cycles to failure, respectively, were plotted and compared with data obtained on Inconel 713LC. Special attention was paid to the investigation of crack initiation in MAR-M247 during low cycle fatigue. Crack initiation sites were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in dual beam microscope TESCAN LYRA 3 XMU FESEM equipped with focus ion beam (FIB). Specimens’ surface observations revealed the formation of pronounced surface relief indicating localisation of plastic deformation. Observations in transmission electron microscope (TEM) confirmed localisation of cyclic plastic deformation in persistent slip bands along {111} slip planes. Fractographic analysis revealed fatigue crack initiation sites. Fatigue crack propagation in stage I was typical of smooth facets up to 500 μm long.
Fatigue Crack Initiation in Nickel-Based Superalloy MAR-M247 at High Temperature
Šulák, Ivo ; Obrtlík, Karel
The present work is focused on the study of crack initiation during low cycle fatigue (LCF) loading of the second generation nickel-based superalloy MAR-M247 treated with hot isostatic pressing. LCF tests were conducted on cylindrical specimens in symmetrical push-pull cycle under strain control with constant total strain amplitude and strain rate at 800 °C in air atmosphere. Selected specimens were electrolytically polished to facilitate surface relief observations. Crack initiation sites were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in dual beam microscope TESCAN LYRA 3 XMU FESEM equipped with focus ion beam (FIB). The microstructure of the material is characterised by coarse dendritic grains with numerous carbides and small casting defects. The average grain size was 2.1 ± 0.3 mm. Fractographic analysis revealed the fatigue crack initiation sites and their relation to the casting defects and material microstructure. Casting defects, carbide inclusions and interdendritic areas were found to be important crack nucleation sites. Specimens’ surface observations revealed the formation of pronounced surface relief with short worm-like markings. Fatigue crack initiation in these places is documented and discussed.
Thermo-mechanical and isothermal fatigue behavior of austenitic stainless steel AISI 316L
Škorík, Viktor ; Šulák, Ivo ; Obrtlík, Karel ; Polák, Jaroslav
Many structural components of nuclear power plant systems are made of austenitic stainless steels. These structures undergo degradation by thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) caused by simultaneous cyclic straining and temperature cycling, particularly during start-up, shut-down and transient operations. The present work reports the cyclic deformation behavior and fatigue damage of austenitic stainless steel AISI 316L during TMF and isothermal fatigue (IF) testing in air. Total strain controlled in-phase TMF loading in the temperature range 200 - 600 °C and isothermal fatigue (IF) at 600 °C were performed. Hardening/softening curves, cyclic stress-strain response and fatigue life diagrams were obtained both for TMF and IF tests. Fatigue damage was documented using surface relief and fracture surface observations. Mean stress evolution and fatigue degradation data are employed to discuss the fatigue behavior of 316L steel both in TMF and IF regimes.
Effect of grit blasting surface treatment on high temperature low cycle fatigue life of Inconel 713LC
Šulák, Ivo ; Obrtlík, Karel ; Čelko, L. ; Gejdoš, P.
This paper presents the results of high temperature low cycle fatigue tests carried out on Inconel 713LC. This polycrystalline nickel based superalloys is mainly used for high temperature applications such as disks, blades and vanes of gas turbine engines. These machine components are manufactured by investment casting and undergo a series of postcast processes to remove remnants of shells, oxides and other contaminants. Grit blasting is one of the most widely used and cheapest technology ensuring adequate cleaning of the surface and at the same time is used to treat the substrate surface prior to application of metalic bond coat and various protective coatings (like diffusion, overlay or thermall barier coatings). Low cycle fatigue tests were conducted on as-received and grit blasted material in fully reversed pull-push cycle in strain control mode with constant total strain amplitude and strain rate at 900 °C in air. Experimental data on fatigue life were evaluated and parameters of Baquin and Coffin-Manson curves were obtained for both tested materials. Specimen surface and cross sections of both treated and untreated materials were analysed prior to fatigue tests and also after testing by means of optical microscopy (OM), as well as scaning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and Vickers microhardness was measured. Fatigue degradation mechanisms was documented in both materials and negligible effect of grit blasting on low cycle parameters was discussed.

Chcete být upozorněni, pokud se objeví nové záznamy odpovídající tomuto dotazu?
Přihlásit se k odběru RSS.