National Repository of Grey Literature 130 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Origins of the Cold War
Kostková, Aneta ; Štefek, Martin (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
NÁZEV: Kořeny studené války AUTOR: Aneta Kostková KATEDRA: Ústav politologie VEDOUCÍ PRÁCE: Mgr. Martin Štefek, Ph.D. Abstrakt V této bakalářské práci se budeme zabývat tématem studené války. Budeme analyzovat příčiny a předpoklady jejího vzniku. Její kořeny budeme hledat již v předválečné éře a poté zejména v průběhu druhé světové války. Zaměříme se na analýzu diplomatických jednání mezi politickými aktéry Sovětského svazu, Spojených států amerických a Velké Británie, zejména se budeme soustředit na vzájemné vztahy mezi jednotlivými vůdci. V tomto směru budeme analyzovat narativy jednání Velké trojky během Postupimské konference a Jaltské konference. Budeme sledovat, jak došlo k vyprofilování dvou supervelmocí Sovětského svazu a Spojených států amerických a zejména se zaměříme, jak se vyvíjel vztah mezi těmito dvěma zeměmi a jak dospěly k vzájemnému antagonistickému postoji. Také se budeme zabývat dokumenty, které byly po druhé světové válce projednávány a přijaty. Zejména se zaměříme na problematiku Marshallova plánu a Trumanovy doktríny. Kořeny studené války budeme koncipovat jako historickou práci. Klíčová slova: Kořeny, Studená válka, mezinárodní vztahy, diplomacie
Chinese Foreign Policy in European Post- Communist States
Štancová, Adéla ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Šitera, Daniel (referee)
This paper analyzes China and european postcommunist states relations in Xi Jinpings era. This era is specific in chinese attemps to resolve its economic position into a international power position. This paper discuss various approaches to chinese goals and power concepts. Examines if it is a domination or hegemony concept, or a new power concept which can be described only by reconstruction of chinese traditions. Tha main issues of this paper are chinese reasons of interest in european postcommunist states, success of its foreign policy goals in this area and reasons which led to either failing or success its goals. To answer these issues will be analyzed specific methods of promoting chinese influence in 16+1 iniciative and also will be reconstructed chinese power concept. To analyse specific factors in individual states this paper includes a case study of three european postcommunist states - Czech republic, Hungary and Poland.
Trade unions: support for a fossil economy, or a subject of social-ecological transformation?
Patočka, Josef ; Novák, Arnošt (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
Both the theoretical outlines of a solution to the climate and ecological crisis, as well as concrete efforts at environmental reform and energy transformation, often run into the ambivalent role of organised labour, particularly trade unions, in todays growth-oriented, fossil-fuel based economy. On the one hand, trade unions often already formally endorse the ideal of sustainability, on the other hand, in concrete environmental conflicts, they often the side with "jobs" against climate and environmental protections, and thus serve as a support of the growth-oriented fossil economy. The concept of a just transition, embodying the attempts at creating a framework in which the interests of workers and climate protection can be reconciled, thus also becomes ambivalent, serving often as a basis for arguments against more ambitious decarbonization. The aim of this thesis, drawing on the theoretical framework of critical political ecology, is to explore the possibilities of solving this dilemma in the case of Czech trade unions. On the basis of interviews with their various representatives, it will try to answer the questions: 1) what political strategy is shaping the policies of Czech trade unions in the sphere of climate and energy policy, 2) how do these trade unions see their role in the proces of a...
Religion and anti-immigration discourses. A comparative case study of the Czech republic and Germany
Jurčová, Alžběta ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Ort, Jakub (referee)
(in English): This thesis deals with role of religion within public sphere, in both theoretical and practical terms. In form of a comparative case study, it will analyze the relationship between the role of religion (especially various forms of Christianity) in the political culture of the Czech Republic and Germany, and in the intensity and form of Islamophobia in public debate in the two countries. The theoretical framework will have as its basis Roger Brubaker's concept of Christianism and Jürgen Habermas's idea of religion within public sphere. In both countries the author will analyse debate evolved around criticism of Charlie Hebdo's cartoons, emerged in the public discourse after the attacks on Charlie Hebdo magazine in Paris in 2015, by analysing different media German and Czech outlets. In both countries she will analyse how references to religion and certain argumentative patterns have been used in the public debate and possibly how they influenced Muslim immigration discourse.
Reflection of structural and political conditions in the ideology and practice of Islamic groups - the so-called Islamic State and al-Qaeda
Šupová, Kateřina ; Hesová, Zora (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
ŠUPOVÁ, Kateřina. Reflection of structural and political conditions in the ideology and practice of Islamic groups - the so-called Islamic State and al-Qaeda (Master's thesis). Charles University in Prague. Faculty of Arts. Department of Political Science. Tutor: Zora Hesová, M.A., Ph.D. 2019. p. 84. In this thesis the author's main goal is to analyze the strategy and propaganda of the Islamic state in relation to the strategy of Al Qaeda. Emphasis is on studying the intentions and capabilities of each group by examining the ideology, goals, warfare, tactics, propaganda etc. What was the reason for the split? Martha Crenshaw's instrumental and organizational perspectives were very useful for analysis. As well as a concept of Michael Arena and Bruce Arriga deals with identity and propaganda in collaboration with Ervin Goffman, who deals with the theory of self-presentation, By analyzing various documents, declarations by the Islamic state and al-Qaeda there is outlined an ideological, apocalyptic and strategic movement shift. Keywords: ideology, propaganda, strategy, Islamic state, al-Qaeda, terrorism, identity
Chinese Foreign Policy in European Post- Communist States
Štancová, Adéla ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Šitera, Daniel (referee)
This paper analyzes China and european postcommunist states relations in Xi Jinpings era. This era is specific in chinese attemps to resolve its economic position into a international power position. This paper discuss various approaches to chinese goals and power concepts. Examines if it is a domination or hegemony concept, or a new power concept which can be described only by reconstruction of chinese traditions. Tha main issues of this paper are chinese reasons of interest in european postcommunist states, success of its foreign policy goals in this area and reasons which led to either failing or success its goals. To answer these issues will be analyzed specific methods of promoting chinese influence in 16+1 iniciative and also will be reconstructed chinese power concept. To analyse specific factors in individual states this paper includes a case study of three european postcommunist states - Czech republic, Hungary and Poland.
Orientalism in Bush administration and its influence over military intervention in Iraq
Vinš, Martin ; Hesová, Zora (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
Orientalism in Bush administration and its influence over military intervention in Iraq Abstract Master's thesis focuses on the presence of orientalist elements in the Bush administration and their influence over the justification and execution of the military intervention in Iraq. These elements are orientalist construction of identities, civilizational mission, concept of oriental Muslim and concept of oriental woman. For this purpose, three research questions were formulated. 1) How the identity of Iraq was constructed to justify the intervention? 2) How the identity of USA was constructed to justify the intervention 3) Whether the Bush administration carried elements of orientalism, how did they present themselves and what amount of influence did they have over justification and execution of the military intervention in Iraq? The Fairclough three-dimensional model of critical discursive analysis was chosen in order to answer research questions. Analysis was focused on official speeches of three key representatives of Bush administration (G.W. Bush, D. Cheney, C. Powell) within the time period from the terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001 until the actual military intervention to Iraq on March 20th 2003. Based on the analysis the presence of orientalist construction of identities and civilizational...
The anti-Islam protest in the Czech Republic
Svobodová, Eva ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Hesová, Zora (referee)
The thesis captures the anti-Islamic protest between 2015-2016, which accelerated after the attack on the Paris editorial of Charlie Hebdo on 7 January 2015 and during the so-called refugee crisis. The author analyzes short interviews she made at demonstrations organized especially by the group around the Facebook page Islam in the Czech Republic, and from semi-structured interviews with selected participants, as well as from participating observations at demonstrations. Using a discursive analysis and biographical method of work, she creates an ideological map of the movement, its basic tropics, and the attitudes. This ideological map consists of three perspectives: In the first chapter, a image of distant another, created mainly through media experience, involving the image of Muslims and Islam. In the second chapter, the image of close another created in a longer-term perspective and in opposition to one's own political and social identity. In the second chapter, the author also describes how the image of those who do not belong to the community (nation, state, Europe) is constructed. The third perspective is the image of the West, which combines elements of both distant and close another. The perspective that emerges in each of these chapters is a gender perspective and how different images of...
Russian reactions to"colour revolutions"
Novák, Adam ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Soušková, Tereza (referee)
This case study is dedicated to the Russian counter-revolutionary policies that were developed in response to the heavily supported democracy promotion by the western countries and the so- called colour revolutions in Russia's near abroad, being Rose revolution in Georgia, Orange revolution in Ukraine and Tulip revolution in Kyrgyzstan. Why did these events invoke the need to create a patriotic civil society inside Putin's regime? What tools were used to create such patriotic civil society? In this context, the thesis considers the role of political technologists Gleb Pavlovsky and Vladislav Surkov, the main engineers of counter-revolutionary policies and authors of the sovereign democracy concept. The thesis will analyse the role of the government organised youth movement Nashi that developed an anti-fascist discourse based on sovereign democracy. I connect the concept of civil society with thoughts of political philosophers such as John Locke, Thomas Paine, Robert Putnam and Alexis de Tocqueville who associated the civil society concept with certain civic virtues. Petr Kopecký and Cas Mudde provide the theoretical framework to classify the concept of ‚uncivil society'. Finally, the youth movement Nashi is classified based on criteria associated with ‚civil' and ‚uncivil' society. Key words: colour...
The peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Málková, Barbora ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The bachelor thesis will focus on the evolution and development of peace negotiations concerning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The theoretical part will try to outline the basic definition of the term peace and its possible forms along with reflection on its sustainability from optics of realism and constructivism approach. The practical part will describe forms of the peace process itself between two nations and analyze the most important barriers in these efforts. The aim of the work is to analyze approaches of the Palestinian and Israeli parties towards previously defined obstacles and subsequent analysis of changes of those approaches during the peace process to the present time. Key words: peace, negotiations, peace process, Middle East, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, barriers

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