National Repository of Grey Literature 70 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
ACTRIS IMP – ÚČAST ČESKÉ REPUBLIKY V NÁRODNÍCH VÝZKUMNÝCH INFRASTRUKTURÁCH A TÉMATICKÝCH CENTRECH ACTRIS
Ondráček, Jakub ; Váňa, M. ; Klánová, J. ; Holoubek, Ivan ; Ždímal, V.
ACTRIS (The Aerosol, Clouds and Trace Gases Research Infrastructure) je panevropskou výzkumnou infrastrukturou, jejímž hlavním cílem je tvorba vysoce kvalitních dat a podávání informací o krátkodobých složkách atmosféry a o procesech vedoucích ke změnám těchto složek v přírodním a kontrolovaném laboratorním prostředí. ACTRIS je dlouhodobou aktivitou (již od roku 2012, viz. Obr. 1) více než 100 partnerských organizací po celé Evropě, jejichž cílem je integrace, harmonizace a distribuce vysoce kvalitních vědeckých výstupů poskytovaných nejlepšími pracovišti atmosférického výzkumu v (prozatím) 22 evropských zemích. ACTRIS je logickým pokračováním 15-tiletého rozvoje velkých výzkumných infrastruktur financovaného členskými státy a evropskou komisí (EC) prostřednictvím programu výzkumných infrastruktur (Research Infrastructure programme) zahrnujících např. Projekty EARLINET, EUSAAR, CREATE a CLOUDNET.
Hydroscopic Behaviours of Ammonium Sulfate/Organic Mixtures Including Dicarboxylic Acid and Oligomer.
Bouzidi, Hichem ; Zuend, A. ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Ždímal, Vladimír
Here, the hygroscopic behavior of submicron particles composed of ammonium sulfate (AS), dicarboxylic acids (including oxalic acid (OA), malonic acid (MA)), and oligomer Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-300 (-CH2OCH2-)n) is investigated with a Hygroscopicity Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (HTDMA), under relative humidity (RH) below 100%. The aerosol systems were varied in their complexity and ranged from single-component to more complex systems (2, 3 and 4 components). The experimental data are compared with predictions from Zdanovskii-Stokes-Robinson (ZSR) mixing rule (Stokes and Robinson, 1966) and the thermodynamic model Aerosol Inorganic-Organic Mixtures Functional groups Activity Coefficients (AIOMFAC) (Zuend et al., 2011).
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Size Distribution of Particles from Inhalers - Influence of Inspiratory Flow Rate and Humidity.
Ondráčková, Lucie ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Kozáková, Jana ; Ždímal, Vladimír
The purpose of this research was to determine the influence of inspiratory flow rate and relative humidity on particle size distributions (PSDs) generated by three MDI inhalers (Flutiform, Fullhale and Ventolin) and one DPI inhaler (Spiriva). Particle size distributions were measured by APS 3321 (TSI, USA) for three different inspiratory flow rates – 30, 60 and 90 l/min. Hygroscopicity of particles was determined by comparing data obtained at laboratory conditions and at relative humidity of 90%. During the measurements of number PSDs by using of APS spectrometer, we recorded bimodal distributions for Flutiform and Fullhale and monomodal distributions for Ventolin and DPI Spiriva. The increasing inspiratory flow rate had a negligible effect on the position of modes of individual distributions. The differences in PSD, measured under ambient conditions and at RH of 90%, were also minimal and did not significantly affect the assumed probability of drug deposition.
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ACTRIS - Contribution of the Czech Republic: National and Central Facilities.
Ondráček, Jakub ; Holubová, Adéla ; Komínková, Kateřina ; Vítková, Gabriela ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Klánová, J. ; Holoubek, Ivan ; Váňa, M. ; Ždímal, Vladimír
ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Research Infrastructure) is an initiative gathering partners all over Europe concentrating on high-quality observations of different atmospheric processes. ACTRIS aims to provide high quality open access data of aerosols, clouds and trace gases and to create a platform for researchers to combine their efforts in resolving the most important environmental challenges (such as air quality, health, climate change, etc.). It is a logical continuation of 15 years of development funded by both Member States and the European Commission through the Research Infrastructure programme (including EARLINET, EUSAAR, CREATE and Cloudnet). ACTRIS has become an important pan-European research infrastructure in 2016 by being accepted into ESFRI (The European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructure) Roadmap. Currently the ACTRIS is in the phase of becoming pan-European research infrastructure with its own legal entity and operational structure, being supported by two EU projects (ACTRIS-2 and ACTRIS PPP – Preparatory Phase Project).
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Aerosol Separation Efficiency and Pressure Drop Evolution with Intense Particle Loading of Hollow-fiber Membranes.
Bulejko, P. ; Svěrák, T. ; Krištof, O. ; Dohnal, M. ; Ondráček, Jakub
This work aimed to study filtration performance of polypropylene HFMs of different filtration area challenged with various submicron size aerosols (a monodisperse ammonium sulfate, TiO2, a nanoaerosol generated from incense stick burning).
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Changes in Sub-micron Number Size Distributions at Czech Rural and Urban Background Stations in the Last Ten Years.
Zíková, Naděžda ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Wagner, Zdeněk ; Ždímal, Vladimír
In this work, not only total concentrations are evaluated, but also particle number size distributions (PNSD) are compared in the last decade at the two stations, and possible explanations for the change in concentrations and PNSD changes are looked for. Additionally, also the change in the frequency and strength of the NPF events is evaluated.\n
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Comparison of Atmospheric Aerosol Volatility at a Rural Site in Central Europe.
Kubelová, Lucie ; Vodička, Petr ; Makeš, Otakar ; Zíková, Naděžda ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Ždímal, Vladimír
Volatility is an important characteristic of atmospheric aerosols as it affects their origin, lifetime and removal. Accurate description of aerosol volatilities is important for models calculating condensation of semi-volatile species and it also enables better identification of aerosol sources (Wu et al., 2009). However, our understanding of volatilities of organic atmospheric aerosols and the related processes is still rather poor (Han et al., 2016.
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Contactless Measurement of Combustion Engine Emissions: First Experience with the Detection of High Particle Emitters.
Vojtíšek, M. ; Pechout, M. ; Skácel, J. ; Beránek, V. ; Ondráček, Jakub
A roadside measurement of particulate matter concentrations with two fast-response instruments, an electric mobility particle sizer and a photoacoustic sensor, with parallel CO2 measurement used to calculate emissions per kg of fuel, was conducted as a preliminary assessment of suitability of the method to identify high particle emitters.
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Regional Air Pollution Transport and Its Influence to Pollution Hotspot in th Czech Republic.
Kozáková, Jana ; Vodička, Petr ; Pokorná, Petra ; Ondráčková, Lucie ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Hovorka, J. ; Křůmal, Kamil ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Moravec, Pavel ; Schwarz, Jaroslav
The aim of the study was to find out the local effect and the regional air pollution transport effect on the air quality of the Ostrava Radvanice district, the problematic air pollution hot spot.
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A Kitchen Degreaser Containing Monoethanolamine Can Alter Indoor Aerosol Composition for Days.
Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Makeš, Otakar ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Cusack, Michael ; Talbot, Nicholas ; Vodička, Petr ; Kubelová, Lucie ; Ždímal, Vladimír
Using of such degreaser and consequences related to indoor aerosol are described in this study. Monoethanolamine, a part of a commercial degreaser being used in kitchens, was able to replace ammonium in its sulfate and nitrate salts in the indoor environment, while those salts usually form up to half of PM2.5 aerosol mass indoors.
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National Repository of Grey Literature : 70 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Ondráček, J.
9 Ondráček, Jan
1 Ondráček, Jaroslav
4 Ondráček, Jiří
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