National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Development and testing of device for absolute GNSS antenna calibration
Komárek, Josef ; Machotka, Radovan (referee) ; Kratochvíl, Radim (advisor)
The purpose of this diploma thesis is testing motion of the device for GNSS antenna calibration according to added weight to the device’s transom. First part of this thesis is devoted to introduction into GNSS antenna calibration problematics. The thesis deals further with development of the software used to process photogrammetric images that have been taken during testing measurement. The rest of the thesis is focused to process and evaluate the measurement. The result will be implemented into observation model used during calibration measurement. The period, during the device is still, will be corrected according to the result that has been obtained from the measurement.
UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds of selenium and tellurium
Nováková, Eliška ; Hraníček, Jakub (advisor) ; Komárek, Josef (referee) ; Šíma, Jan (referee)
The presented thesis deals with UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds of Se and Te from various species. The aim of the project was to expand the current state of knowledge by the application of photocatalytic reduction of higher oxidation states of Se and Te for the speciation analysis based on UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds. The first step of the study was the assembly of the apparatus for the photocatalysed UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds. The material of reactor and the whole experimental set-up were based on literature survey and previous research done in our research group. Experiments were directed towards finding the optimum conditions for generation of volatile compounds of selected model elements Se and Te. Se was studied as the element most commonly determined by the UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds. Conversely, Te was selected as a model analyte representing elements forming less stable volatile compounds. The second part was the application of the optimised method of photocatalysed UV- photochemical generation of volatile Se compound to the determination of Se in water matrices, liquid certified reference materials and also samples of dietary supplements. TiO2/UV-photochemical generation was also successfully modified to...
UV-photochemical generation of volatile selenium compounds for ultratrace analysis by AAS
Rybínová, Marcela ; Rychlovský, Petr (advisor) ; Komárek, Josef (referee) ; Šíma, Jan (referee)
This thesis deals with the study of UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds (UV-PVG) in connection with atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Selenium (Se(IV)) was selected as a model analyte and many experiments were carried out to expand the current sum of knowledge of the topic. The study was commenced by assembling the UV-PVG apparatus in the continuous flow mode. The detection method used was AAS with externally heated quartz furnace atomizer. The focus of the first step of the study was on the construction of the volatile compounds generator (UV-photoreactor) with emphasis on the material used; tubes made of teflon or quartz of different diameters were tested. The construction of the apparatus was followed by optimization of the reaction conditions (the type and concentration of the photochemical agent and other agents, which increase the analytical signal; the carrier gas and the auxiliary hydrogen gas flow rate; the sample flow rate). Eventually, the analytical figures of merit of the selenium determination using the proposed method were found. The results showed that teflon reaction tubes are a good competitor to those made of quartz. The accuracy of the method has been successfully verified by analysis of certified reference material and its applicability has been further tested...
Hydride generation study for arsenic speciation analysis with AAS and AFS detection
Svoboda, Milan ; Dědina, Jiří (advisor) ; Spěváčková, Věra (referee) ; Komárek, Josef (referee)
The general aim of this work was a development of methodology and instrumentation for speciation analysis based on the combination of the selective generation of substituted hydrides with atomic absorption or atomic fluorescence spectrometry detection. The first topic of this work was the development of methodology and instrumentation for arsenic speciation analysis based on selective generation of substituted arsines with trapping in the cryogenic trap (U-tube packed with chromosorb) with AAS detection (HG- CT-AAS). The conditions of the selective hydride generation approach as well as working procedure of the cryogenic trap were optimized (appropriate approach for hydride generation, set up of heating program of cryogenic trap, new dryer - cartidge with NaOH, elimination of unspecific absorption, decreasing of the detection limits). The second important part of the work lay in applying of the developed method for arsenic speciation analysis in a homogenized mouse liver tissue. The direct slurry sampling to hydride generator was develop. Moreover the information about oxidation state (iAsIII,V , MAsIII,V a DMAsIII,V ) was obtain. The effect of relevant experimental parameters such as tetrahydroborate concentration, TRIS buffer concentration and time of pre-reduction of the samples by L-cysteine...
Optimization of generation and atomization of arsines for speciation analysis by atomic fluorescence spectrometry
Marschner, Karel ; Dědina, Jiří (advisor) ; Komárek, Josef (referee)
Speciation analysis of arsenic based on selective hydride generation and detection by atomic fluorescence spectrometry have been studied in this work. It was found that under optimum conditions of atomization in the flame in gas shield atomizer, sensitivity was approximately twice higher and detection limit was about four times lower compared to miniature diffusion flame, which is a standard atomizer for atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The conditions to generate hydrides from both inorganic forms of the arsenic, i.e. from arsenite and arsenate, with the same efficiency have been found in the batch arrangement, by using 1 mol dm-3 hydrochlorid acid and 1% solution of tetrahydridoborate. To determine only trivalent form, TRIS buffer at pH 6.00 was used together with 1% sodium tetrahydridoborate. The detection limits found for inorganic arsenic, i.e. for arsenite and arsenate, respectively, were 15 ng dm-3 and 9 ng dm-3 . It was found that in the batch arrangement under these conditions it is possible to generate corresponding hydrides methylarsonate and dimethylarsonate with the same efficiency as from the inorganic form. Finally, it was found when slightly changing the gas-liquid separator design in order to introduce the mixture of tetrahydridoborate with hydrochloric acid to the bottom of the...
Construction of miniature flow-through cells for electrochemical generation of volatile compounds
Hraníček, Jakub ; Rychlovský, Petr (advisor) ; Spěváčková, Věra (referee) ; Komárek, Josef (referee)
(EN) The presented dissertation thesis summarizes the new results of electrochemical generation of volatile compounds usable in atomic spectral methods. The main aim of this work is to develop and to characterize new types of electrolytic flow-through cells and to examine their possibilities of determination of arsenic, selenium and antimony by using the electrochemical hydride generation technique coupled with atomic absorption spectrometry with a quartz tube atomizer. Individual electrolytic cells were designed and constructed to comply with two important requirements. The cathode chamber of the electrolytic cell should have a minimal volume and a high efficiency of analyte conversion to the volatile hydride. Constructed electrolytic cells are divided into the construction groups and described in the experimental part. Selenium was chosen as the first analyte. The relevant working parameters (such as type, concentration and flow rate of electrolytes, generation current and carrier gas flow rate) were optimized for each newly constructed electrolytic cell. Under the optimal working parameters, the basic characteristics of selenium determination were found out by using electrochemical hydride generation. The electrolytic cells were compared to each other and with the classical electrolytic cell...
Novel Approaches to the Application of Electrochemical Volatile Compounds Generation in Spectrometric Methods
Červený, Václav ; Rychlovský, Petr (advisor) ; Spěváčková, Věra (referee) ; Komárek, Josef (referee)
Various possibilities for the use of electrochemical generation of volatile compounds for the determination of trace and ultratrace quantities of elements using atomic absorption spectrometry and optical emission spectrometry, respectively, were studied in this work. The Thesis is divided into four thematic sections. Electrochemical cold mercury vapor generation is common to the first two parts. The third part is devoted to electrochemical generation of the volatile form of cadmium and the last part deals with the use of the electrochemical hydride generator as a derivatization unit for speciation analysis of arsenic compounds. The optimization of each individual determination was carried out including, for example, various designs of the generator of volatile compounds (forms) of the analyte, the changes in the design of the gas-liquid separator, optimization of the concentration and the flow rate of all the solutions and the carrier gas. However, the value of the electric current employed was the most important parameter. In the first section, the in-situ trapping system of the cold mercury vapor generated in the graphite furnace (with the inner surface covered with a gold foil) of the atomic absorption spectrometer was also designed and optimized. The absolute limit of detection, 80 pg, was...
Preconcentration of Hydride Forming Elements in Quartz Atomizers for Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Kratzer, Jan ; Dědina, Jiří (advisor) ; Komárek, Josef (referee) ; Spěváčková, Věra (referee)
CHARLES UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE FACULTY OF SCIENCE Department of Analytical Chemistry PRECONCENTRATION OF HYDRIDE FORMING ELEMENTS IN QUARTZ ATOMIZERS FOR ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETRY Synopsis of the PhD Thesis Prague 2008 RNDr. Jan Kratzer 2 CONTENTS CONTENTS................................................................................................................... 2 CURRICULUM VITAE............................................................................................... 4 LIST OF PUBLICATIONS ......................................................................................... 6 ABSTRACT................................................................................................................... 9 1 ULTRATRACE ANALYSIS OF HYDRIDE FORMING ELEMENTS ....... 11 2 OBJECTIVES OF THE THESIS ...................................................................... 13 3 EXPERIMENTAL .............................................................................................. 15 3.1 Apparatus ....................................................................................................... 15 3.2 Procedure........................................................................................................ 16 3.3 Detection by atomic absorption spectrometry...
Accuracy testing of minor horizontal geodetic control determined by analytical aerotriangulation
Komárek, Josef ; Weigel, Josef (referee) ; Kratochvíl, Radim (advisor)
The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis is testing quality of minor horizontal geodetic control points in chosen area in South Bohemia. The control points have been established in the eighties of twentieth century during cadastrial mapping (large scale base map). Until now, those points were recorded in the 4th accuracy class. The geodetic control was remeasured with RTK technique, then deviations were calculated. These results were reviewed and evaluated whether the points match with the 4th accuracy class or even the 3rd accuracy class. The results were submitted to the local cadastral office in Jindřichův Hradec.

See also: similar author names
5 Komárek, Jakub
8 Komárek, Jan
3 Komárek, Jiří
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.