National Repository of Grey Literature 251 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The application of MiFID Directive to the activities of universal bank
Krčová, Kateřina ; Kotáb, Petr (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
53 Abstract Application of MiFID directive on activities in universal bank MiFID or Markets on financial instruments Directive, is extensive and key European financial market regulation. Introduced into the laws of all the Member States many new applications and employed a large number of companies. The content of this work is to first clarify the concept of a universal bank, the bank and the reason why the Directive applies to them. Furthermore, analysis of specific activities and procedures, which are due to the introduction of the Directive into law occurred mainly by retail investors, the current clients of universal bank. Most attention is devoted to investor protection, mainly test the appropriateness and suitability, performance instructions for the customer. The following chapter is devoted to issues of organizational changes, the new rules required. Part of the text is devoted to the transposition process in individual countries and especially in the Czech Republic. Another chapter is concerned with problems that frequently appear in the application and in the last chapter outlines recent developments, particularly in the new draft directive, revising MiFID after almost five years of operation, which is just being born on the soil of the European Union. The conclusion is the finding that changes in...
Taxation of income of natural persons resulting from business and other forms of self-employment
Pauler, Zdeněk ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
1 6. Abstract Presented thesis is divided into two main sections containing subsections. One of the main purposes of this thesis is to discuss income of entrepreneurs, natural persons and natural persons with further income from other kind of self-employment. The first part focuses mainly on describing the tax itself and centres on individual components of tax, which are the subjects to tax, tax base, tax rate and tax due date while the most detailed description is given to the subjects to tax which is income of entrepreneurs according to the Act No. 586/1992 Coll., Income Tax Act, Agricultural Income Tax Act, Entrepreneurial Income Tax Act and Tax Act involving income from further self- employment such as income of lawyers, accountants, tax consultants, auditors, dentists and notaries and income of partners owing incorporation or limited company. In addition, the income from further self-employment as a income from copyrights and rights connected to this including income from publishing, copying of literal pieces, providing industrial or intellectual property, income from independent occupation which is neither trade nor business under the special regulation, income of experts, interpreters, team contract agents, arbitrators, insolvency administrators including income from the activity of the preliminary...
Subordinated bonds as a Tier 2 capital instrument
Fiala, Martin ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
Subordinated bonds as a Tier 2 capital instrument Abstract This rigorous thesis the topic of which is "Subordinated bonds as a Tier 2 capital instrument" elaborates on bank regulation and possible ways of how to comply with it. Specifically, whether it is possible (and how) to meet Tier 2 capital requirement as one of the requirements of capital adequacy. Following the introduction to this rigorous thesis and setting forth the scientific methods of work the author follows a development of capital adequacy as one of the core requirements of the current bank regulation. This historical development has been put into conjunction with the leading feature of this development - whether it was a globalisation of banking services or specificities of 2008 financial crisis. The Tier 2 capital requirement is explained on this background. This topic is completed with the purely economic chapter that elaborates and explains reasons of financial regulation and goals that the financial regulation tends to accomplish. To be specific, it concerns the theoretical model of perfect competition and particular market failures. The understanding of market failures is a key to the well-drafted financial regulation. While banks tend to complain about the amount of regulation they need to comply with on a daily basis, the goal of...
Beneficial owner in the Light of the AML/CFT Legislation
Roblová, Michaela ; Sejkora, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
Money laundering and terrorist financing present major social problems that can negatively impact economic growth of both, the state and the households. The ever-increasing globalization and the trend of removing barriers to the free market make it harder for the authorities to detect and investigate abovementioned crimes. That is why, in recent years, efforts have been made to cooperate in the fight against money laundering, both globally and at European Union level. The European Union keeps constantly improving the AML/CTF legislation. Thanks to that, the Czech Republic can keep up with the rapidly evolving techniques the offenders come up with. This thesis present one of the new legal institutes in the Czech law - beneficial ownership. The idea of beneficial ownership came from the Directive 2015/849 that was implemented into the AML/CFT Act n. 253/2008. Under the Directive, corporates and other legal entities such as trusts will be required to maintain accurate and current information on their beneficial ownership. Beneficial owner is an entity that enjoys the possession and/or benefits of ownership (such as receipt of income). The first part of the thesis concerns the general anti-money laundering and combating financing of terrorism problematics. It also tackles the concept of ownership...
The legal protection of clients of financial intitutions
Černý, Daniel ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
The legal protection of clients of financial institutions Abstract The first chapter focuses on the definition of basic concepts essential to the subject of this work. Emphasis was placed on defining the term of client in relation to the notion of a customer who is often used in positive law at both European and national level. Furthermore, the concept of consumer is defined, which is a generally used category of customers and is offered the highest legal protection. The notion of financial institution and the concept of legal protection are also important in defining the scope of this work. Given the diversity of the current financial services market, in the rest of my thesis I have focused only on the most important providers of financial services and the legislation governing their activities. The concept of legal protection is defined in the sense of division into institutional and normative legal protection, with the focus being on normative protection. The aim of the second chapter was to describe the basic aspects of two complementary principles of law as the theoretical basis of legal protection of clients, which are the concept of autonomy of will and the protection of the weaker party. The principle of protection of the weaker party and its modality of consumer protection has been introduced from...
Legal regulation of crowdfunding in the Czech Republic
Bachtík, Lukáš ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
Legal regulation of crowdfunding in the Czech Republic The thesis deals with the legal regulation of crowdfunding in the Czech Republic as well as in the European Union with emphasis on the investment type of crowdfunding, mostly for purpose of identifying all relevant legal acts and evaluating their form and application in terms of suitability and sufficiency. The first part generally addresses explanation of the term crowdfunding itself, the etymological interpretation, its origins, the historical development and the concepts of crowdfunding with other relative and superior terms. This section also includes division of crowdfunding into individual types and subtypes. Each of them is explained separately including examples of already existing crowdfunding platforms. The second part comprises of all legal acts and other regulation applicable to most of crowdfunding platforms and, in more detail, discusses legislation relevant to the investment type of crowdfunding (equity-based and securities-based crowdfunding). These come from several areas of financial law. The focus of the work is aimed at legal regulation of payment services, financial instruments (including prospectus regulation) and collective investment. The thesis reflects both national and EU legislation, including their relation through...
Supervision of financial activity
Pekárek, Štěpán ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
Supervision of financial activity Abstract The activity of entities operating on the financial market is one of the most regulated ones. Economists generally agree that services provided by entities in the financial system are so vital for the functioning of the economy that the overgrown regulatory rules are well- founded. In response to the global financial crisis, there has been a significant development in the regulation and supervision of the financial system, in particular the expansion of the prudential rules of major institutions and the emergence of new areas of macro-prudential supervision and resolution supervision. These are largely the subject of the submitted diploma thesis. The aim of the thesis is to analyze the supervision of the financial system of the Czech Republic in the perspective of institutional and functional classification and in context with their development after the global financial crisis. While the theoretical part of the thesis defines the characteristics and models of the institutional organization of the supervisory authorities, the analytical part identifies their elements projected into the Czech legal system and analyzes the role of the Czech National Bank as a supervisory body of the financial system of the Czech Republic, integrated both from an institutional and a...
Protection of Investor on Capital Market
Jůvová, Veronika ; Karfíková, Marie (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee) ; Dřevínek, Karel (referee)
Protection of Investor on Capital Market Investor protection on the capital market is a highly topical subject. The main aim of this dissertation was to confirm or refute the hypotheses presented in the introduction, and in particular to ascertain whether there is sufficient investor protection on the capital market. Besides its introduction and conclusion, the dissertation has five parts which, in turn, are broken down into separate chapters. At the time the dissertation was being drawn up, there were a number of investment opportunities on the capital market that posed higher or lower risks. As it is difficult for ordinary investors to identify the degree of risk associated with a particular type of investment opportunity, the dissertation aims to describe the level of investor protection linked to the most common types of investment opportunities. Investment funds are unquestionably the most commonly used investment vehicle. Consequently, these investment instruments are covered in most detail. The dissertation explains the level of investor protection according to the type of investment fund. In particular, this chapter describes investment via mutual funds, as this is the most widespread type of fund in the Czech Republic and across the world. Since a mutual fund is an entity with no legal...
A comparison of the legal regulation of corporate taxes in selected countries
Klabusayová, Hana ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
The theme of my diploma thesis is The Comparison of the Legal Regulation of Corporate Tax in Selected Countries. The aim of the thesis is to evaluate corporate taxation in the Czech Republic and determine whether and to what extent the corporate tax legislation contributes to increasing of the competitiveness and to improving of the investment environment in the Czech Republic. The thesis is alongside the introduction and conclusion composed of three chapters. The introduction describes the object and purpose of work. The first section is theoretical and is divided into three subchapters. The first subchapter outlines the historical development of taxes since their inception to the present time. The second subchapter contains some elements of the theory of tax law, especially tax law, tax system, tax definitions, tax functions, and classification of taxes. Last subchapter defines the system of corporate taxation in accordance with the OECD methodology. The second chapter is focused on the analysis of legal regulation of corporate tax in selected countries, namely Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and Slovenia. The chapter is divided into two subchapters, the first one is focused on the legal regulation of corporate tax in particular states. The analysis is carried out in the second subchapter according to...
Legal aspects for the adoption of common European currency in the Czech Republic
Růžička, Michal ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
Legal aspects of the single European currency adoption in the Czech Republic The Czech Republic as a member state of the European Union is obliged to adopt the single European currency as soon as possible. This commitment is connected with plenty of tasks that have to precede the euro adoption. The fulfilment of convergence and legal criteria belongs to main assignments. The purpose of my thesis is to define the main aspects connected with the adaptation process of the Czech legal environment according to demands of the European law that have to precede the euro introduction and prepare a suitable environment for its troublefree functioning. The thesis consists of five chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of the single European currency adoption. First chapter is introductory and outlines the main questionable issues that I deal with in my thesis. Second chapter brings general aspects of the single European currency introduction, especially explains briefly a history of the constitution of the economic and monetary union, further specifies legal and economic conditions necessary for euro adoption. A brief appraisal of the functioning of this unique concept is included at the end of this chapter. Third chapter focuses at the beginning on evaluation of fulfilment of legal and...

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