National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Presidentialism under conditions of multipartism. Analysis of sources of system stability in Latin American countries
Kerclová, Helena ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (advisor) ; Němec, Jan (referee)
According to a lot of experts presidential systems under conditions of multipartism are leading to instability, because there is peril of executive-legislative deadlocks. This thesis is focusing on three stable countries under these conditions (Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay). The main goal of this thesis is to find out the sources of system stability of these three countries. The thesis analyzes them on the basis of four criteria (number of parties, ideological distance, party system institutionalization and simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections together with electoral system). This thesis analyzes election results of these countries since their transition to democracy. The thesis demonstrated, that party system format is not crucial for stability. More important is his stability together with the same actors and unchangeable ties between them.
Forms of organization, goals and influence of indigenous movements - cases of Bolivia and Ecuador
Kerclová, Helena ; Němec, Jan (advisor) ; Nachtigallová, Mariana (referee)
The main topics of this thesis are goals and influence of indigenous organizations in Latin America. The thesis describes foundation of indigenous organizations from unions and indigenous movements to foundation of indigenous political parties in Bolivia and Ecuador. The thesis focuses on causes of association indigenous people into organizations and their efforts to gain the possibility of political participation. Attention is also paid to ways of indigenous intervention into political events in both countries. The thesis also focuses on aims of organizations, which they proposed, and deals with their success. The main goal of this thesis is to find out why these indigenous organizations were founded and compare their power and impact on the political systems in Bolivia and Ecuador.

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