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Capital jurisdiction, criminality and everyday life on domain of Náchod and in king's town Nymburk between the years 1513-1618
Šmíd, Petr ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Hrachová, hana (referee)
Capital jurisdiction, criminality and everyday life on domain of Náchod and in king's town Nymburk between the years 1513-1618 In this diploma paper I dealt with criminality and everyday life on the early modern domain of Náchod and in the king's town Nymburk between the years 1513-1620. Firstly I tried to describe how the town councils worked and with which central regulations they operated. Secondly I did the statistic quatification of all criminal delicts which are mentioned in "pitch" or "black" books of Náchod and Nymburk and other materials of court provenance. Then I compared court causes from other "pitch"/ "black" books which were published in the past with material from Náchod's and Nymburk's archive. I managed to use modern historical methods such as microhistory and historical anthropology to show which postures took early modern society to different types of criminal delicts or problematic phenomenona like sexual life before marriage, suicide, rape or witchcraft. In connection with this I tried to clear up why were criminal delicts like infanticide or witchcraft punished with such a brutal death penalty. As well as this I attempted to describe in details the fact that punishment was not irreversible. The town council was very open to requests of mercy especially if a priest or a clerk of local...
Rokycany town administration and it's representatives between 1573-1699
Hrachová, Hana ; Hojda, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Sulitková, Ludmila (referee) ; Ledvinka, Václav (referee)
In the early modern age the town of Rokycany belonged to the smaller towns with an economy characterized by crafts and agriculture. In the 16th century the city started to bloom remarkably. Because of its loyalty shown to Ferdinand I, the town wasn't affected by the sanctions of that ruler, but was instead granted many privileges. In 1547 Rokycany became a free royal town. The above treatise discusses and follows the evolution of the town administration, the purpose of the single offices and its personnel. The most important administrative institution of the town was the municipal council with legislative, jurisdictional and executive powers. The town's economies and the administration of the town's property belonged also to the duties of the council. The municipal council counted twelve counsellors; its most prestigious member was called primate. Every counsellor was in charge of the government of the town for the period of one month, during this period he used the title of burgomaster. In the examined period of time, 19 men became primates and the majority of them kept the tile lifelong. Three men worked as imperial town magistrates In the period preceding the Battle of the White Mountain two primates managed with their eminence to reach fame also outside the town. That is Jan Novoměstský Srnovec from...
Rokycany town administration and it's representatives between 1573-1699
Hrachová, Hana ; Hojda, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Sulitková, Ludmila (referee) ; Ledvinka, Václav (referee)
In the early modern age the town of Rokycany belonged to the smaller towns with an economy characterized by crafts and agriculture. In the 16th century the city started to bloom remarkably. Because of its loyalty shown to Ferdinand I, the town wasn't affected by the sanctions of that ruler, but was instead granted many privileges. In 1547 Rokycany became a free royal town. The above treatise discusses and follows the evolution of the town administration, the purpose of the single offices and its personnel. The most important administrative institution of the town was the municipal council with legislative, jurisdictional and executive powers. The town's economies and the administration of the town's property belonged also to the duties of the council. The municipal council counted twelve counsellors; its most prestigious member was called primate. Every counsellor was in charge of the government of the town for the period of one month, during this period he used the title of burgomaster. In the examined period of time, 19 men became primates and the majority of them kept the tile lifelong. Three men worked as imperial town magistrates In the period preceding the Battle of the White Mountain two primates managed with their eminence to reach fame also outside the town. That is Jan Novoměstský Srnovec from...

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1 HRACHOVÁ, Helena
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