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Development of total mortality and mortality from selected causes of death in the Czech and Slovak regions since 2001
Mondeková, Alexandra ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Maláková, Kateřina (referee)
The main aim of the bachelor thesis is to analyse total mortality and selected causes of death in Czechia and Slovakia, based at regional level. It means a comparison of their development for each region in both countries. The analyse is monitored from 2001 to 2018. The first part of the analysis is devoted to the analysis of the total mortality using various indicators as a life expectancy at birth and life expectancy at 65 years. Also, this part is finished by decomposition method which complements the results of life expectancy at birth. Following the development of total mortality, second part of the analysis is about selected causes of death. Only the diseases that are most numerous in both countries were chosen for this part of the thesis. In terms of total mortality, the main result is that mortality rates are improving in the Czechia and Slovakia, which is reflected in increasing of life expectancy. As part of the analysis of mortality from selected causes of death, it was found that during the observed period there was a decrease in the intensity of mortality from the category of diseases of the circulatory system. The trend from mortality in cancer is slightly different, because while the intensity of mortality is declining in the Czechia, in Slovakia the trend is very slow for men and essentially...
Regional differentiation of mortality from the most important diseases of the circulatory system in Czechia
Tvrz, Michal ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Maláková, Kateřina (referee)
Regional differentiation of mortality from the most important diseases of the circulatory system in Czechia Abstract The objective of this thesis is to describe and evaluate, for Czechia at both the national and regional level and in the time frame of 1997-2017, the main developmental trends in male and female mortality from the diseases of the circulatory system as a whole and its most important individual diagnoses. The results of the analysis confirmed that the diseases of the circulatory system were the most common cause of death for men and women both at the national and regional levels throughout the period under review. Nevertheless, there was a significant reduction of mortality rates for the diseases in question in both sexes, especially in the case of ischaemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases and atherosclerosis. In contrast, mortality from hypertensive diseases and other forms of heart disease increased in both sexes. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases in districts largely followed the trends from the national level. For the selected causes of death, the patterns of the regional distribution of the values of the standardized mortality rates were (during the observed years) largely similar for both sexes. Overall, mortality rate for the group of cardiovascular diseases decreased in...
International comparative analysis of suicide mortality
Barešová, Tereza ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Ženíšková, Aneta (referee)
International comparative analysis of suicide mortality Abstract The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyze the development of suicide mortality in international context between 2000-2015. At the beginning, the thesis resumes historical development of research into this cause of death and scientific approaches by which can be suicide examined. It then describes the main risk factors of suicide and identifies the most vulnerable groups of people. The available data are research mainly through standardized suicide mortality rates in total and in selected age groups. This thesis analyzes suicide in 47 countries (36 European, 7 Asian, 1 African and Canada, Australia and New Zealand). It has been found that eastern European countries have the highest suicide mortality rates. At the same time, these countries recorded the most significant decline in these rates between 2000-2015. In the long term, the lowest suicide rates are characterized by the countries of southern Europe. The hypothesis of male mortality excess was confirmed in all analyzed countries. This thesis also confirmed the assumption that the intensity of suicide mortality rate increases in direct proportion to age in all analyzed countries (except for Finnish, Norwegian, Canadian and Australian women). Keywords: mortality, suicidal tendency,...
Demographic view on the population of New Zealand in the period 1991-2018
Třísková, Hana ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Demographic view on the population of New Zealand in the period 1991-2018 Abstract The objective of this study is to characterize the key events (economic, social and historical), which occurred during the 20th century, that subsequently influenced New Zealand's population development and population structure in the period between 1991-2018. This period was determined based on the data availability and the presumption that the impact of the selected events started to manifest on the population after 1991. To describe the population structure, we used age pyramids, aged-child ratio, young-age dependency ratio, old-age dependency ratio and mean age. For description of demographic processes of fertility, mortality and nuptiality in the studied period, basic indicators were used, which allowed us to fulfil the aim of the thesis. Data for their calculation was taken from the online database of the New Zealand Statistical Office, Infoshare and selected publications. The first part of the work introduces the natural conditions of New Zealand and briefly outlines its historical development. The second part is devoted to the characteristics of the population according to age, religion, ethnicity and education as well as to the selected demographic processes. Based on the studied literature, we identified World War...
Analysis of work incapacity in the Czech Republic: trends and determinants
Hubálovská, Nikola ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Analysis of work incapacity in the Czech Republic: trends and determinants Abstract The thesis addresses trends of work incapacity in the Czech Republic after the establishment of the independent Czech state on 1st January 1993 up to the present. In the theoretical part it focuses on the legislative changes affecting work incapacity during the period under study. Furthermore, it describes work incapacity using demographic indicators of work incapacity and focuses on the structure of work incapacity according to the international classification of diseases (MKN-10), according to the age, region, seasonal trends and occupational classification (CZ-ISCO). This part mainly shows the development of the average percentage of incapacity for work, terminated cases of incapacity for work per 100 000 insured people and the analysis of the average length of incapacity for work. The next chapter is based on the advanced data analysis of the Labor Force Survey. The last chapter is dedicated to the international comparison of work incapacity. Keywords: temporary incapacity for work, terminated cases of incapacity for work, Czech Republic, sickness insurance, sickness rate, sickness benefit
Development of mortality from malignant neoplasm of bronchus and ­­­­lung in the Czech Republic
Hlávko, Petr ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Lustigová, Michala (referee)
Development of mortality from malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung in the Czech Republic Abstract Malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung is one of the most common causes of death in the Czech Republic and this diploma thesis aims to evaluate and describe the development of mortality from this disease since the mid-nineties to the present time in the Czech Republic compared to other European countries and on district level. The main goal of this thesis is to analyze the indicators evaluating the structure and intensity of mortality on this common cause of death. The theoretical part describes the selected disease, all the important risk factors, possibilities of prevention, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the disease. There are some other theoretical concepts described especially the tobacco epidemic, as smoking is without a doubt the most important risk factor for this disease. Throughout the study period, mortality rates have been converging in the Czech Republic and other selected European countries for malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung by sex when mortality has decreased significantly for men population, while for women it is slightly increasing. Keywords: mortality, cause of death, malignant neoplasm, bronchus, lung, Czech Republic
Analysis of the process of compression of mortality in selected developed countries
Šebík, Jan ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to describe of the process of mortality compression using indicators of life span and mortality compression in selected developed countries based on the data availability. Czechia and 11 developed countries from Europe and USA, Canada, Japan, Taiwan, Australia and New Zealand were selected. The source of the data is Human Mortality Database, where data are available mostly only from the 20th century and therefore part of the historical development is presented on the example of Sweden with data going from the year 1751. The most frequently mentioned and used indicators describing the variability of the age at death and the process of mortality compression and rectangularization of survival curve were used in this thesis. The main starting point was the assumption that the shift of deaths to a higher age manifests itself as compression of mortality. Compression of mortality means the concentration of deaths to a narrower age range, which reduces the variability of age at death, and makes the survival curve more rectangular. Selected indicators in this diploma thesis describe life expectancy, distribution (percentiles) of deaths in the life table, concentration of deaths and variability of age at death. Deaths are currently concentrated around modal age, but most...

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