National Repository of Grey Literature 119 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Development of mortality from malignant neoplasm of bronchus and ­­­­lung in the Czech Republic
Hlávko, Petr ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Lustigová, Michala (referee)
Development of mortality from malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung in the Czech Republic Abstract Malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung is one of the most common causes of death in the Czech Republic and this diploma thesis aims to evaluate and describe the development of mortality from this disease since the mid-nineties to the present time in the Czech Republic compared to other European countries and on district level. The main goal of this thesis is to analyze the indicators evaluating the structure and intensity of mortality on this common cause of death. The theoretical part describes the selected disease, all the important risk factors, possibilities of prevention, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the disease. There are some other theoretical concepts described especially the tobacco epidemic, as smoking is without a doubt the most important risk factor for this disease. Throughout the study period, mortality rates have been converging in the Czech Republic and other selected European countries for malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung by sex when mortality has decreased significantly for men population, while for women it is slightly increasing. Keywords: mortality, cause of death, malignant neoplasm, bronchus, lung, Czech Republic
Analysis of the process of compression of mortality in selected developed countries
Šebík, Jan ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to describe of the process of mortality compression using indicators of life span and mortality compression in selected developed countries based on the data availability. Czechia and 11 developed countries from Europe and USA, Canada, Japan, Taiwan, Australia and New Zealand were selected. The source of the data is Human Mortality Database, where data are available mostly only from the 20th century and therefore part of the historical development is presented on the example of Sweden with data going from the year 1751. The most frequently mentioned and used indicators describing the variability of the age at death and the process of mortality compression and rectangularization of survival curve were used in this thesis. The main starting point was the assumption that the shift of deaths to a higher age manifests itself as compression of mortality. Compression of mortality means the concentration of deaths to a narrower age range, which reduces the variability of age at death, and makes the survival curve more rectangular. Selected indicators in this diploma thesis describe life expectancy, distribution (percentiles) of deaths in the life table, concentration of deaths and variability of age at death. Deaths are currently concentrated around modal age, but most...
Analysis of the process of compression of mortality in selected developed countries
Šebík, Jan ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to replicate the results of previous studies of the process of compression of mortality and rectangularization of survival curve in selected developed countries based on the data availability. The source of the data is Human Mortality Database, where data are available mostly only from the 20th century and therefore part of the historical development is presented on the example of Sweden with data going from the year 1751. The most frequently mentioned and used indicators describing the variability of the age at death and the process of compression of mortality and rectangularization of survival curve were used in this thesis. The main starting point was the assumption that the shift of deaths to a higher age manifests itself as compression of mortality. Compression of mortality means the concentration of deaths to a narrower age range, which reduces the variability of age at death, and makes the survival curve more rectangular. Selected indicators describe life expectancy, distribution (percentiles) of deaths in the life table, concentration of deaths and variability of age at death. Deaths are currently concentrated around modal age, but most people died in childhood in the past. Consequently, indicators of concentration of deaths are calculated from deaths...
The lowest-mortality countries: their specifics and trends of development
Stýblová, Julie ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Maláková, Kateřina (referee)
The lowest-mortality countries: their specifics and trends of development Abstract The main objective of this work is to analyze mortality rates in countries with the lowest mortality rates between 1990 and 2013 for each gender separately. The life expectancy at birth indicator was used to assess the developmental trends of overall mortality, followed by the probability of death, which allowed for the expression of age-related mortality changes, and the contribution of individual age groups to the change in life expectancy at birth was determined by one-dimensional decomposition. For a more detailed look, the mortality rate of selected group of death causes was assessed using a standardized mortality rate. The two-dimensional decomposition allowed to quantify the contribution of age groups and the main causes of death and thus to evaluate how the age group and cause of death contributed to the change in life expectancy at birth. In all countries, the overall mortality rate is decreasing and no interruption of this trend is observed. The results show that the states are getting closer to each other and do not show much differences. All selected countries are characterized by a decline in mortality, mainly in older age groups. The states also change the order of the most important causes of death, when a...
Impact of demographic changes on municipal technical infrastructure in the Czech Republic - case study of waste management
Rybová, Kristýna ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Šídlo, Luděk (referee) ; Trögl, Josef (referee)
Impact of demographic changes on municipal technical infrastructure in the Czech Republic - case study of waste management Abstract The aim of this study is to quantify the impact of demographic development on the current household production of municipal waste in the Czech Republic and at the same time to compare their influence with the impact of other factors. Based on a literature review and statistical data available for the Czech Republic, a set of 22 explanatory variables concerning structure of population by age, gender, highest education and employment, as well as the size of households, unemployment, purchasing power, population density and basic characteristics of housing was identified in order to explain the production of municipal solid waste, mixed municipal waste and separately collected waste components (glass and plastics). It has turned out that demographic variables, especially the average household size, gender, age, level of education or sector of employment have a statistically significant but rather weak impact on the production of these waste streams. Given that the detailed analysis of the variables indicated that there is a significant spatial variability of these characteristics and that they exhibit spatial non- stationarity, the next step was to analyze the relationship of the...
Czechia in the European context of malignant neoplasms mortality: analysis of potential factors of level and structure of mortality from this cause of death in the latest years
Maláková, Kateřina ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Czechia in the European context of malignant neoplasms mortality: analysis of potential factors of level and structure of mortality from this cause of death in the latest years Abstract This diploma thesis sets two main goals. The first main goal is to describe the trends and the current situation of the level and structure of mortality from malignant neoplasms in Czechia in the European context. It is believed that there are significant differences between countries of the European Union due to many factors (such as lifestyle, level of prevention, availability and quality of health care). The significant part of this study is devoted to the analysis of possible factors that may be related to the incidence of neoplasms and the mortality from neoplasms, which is also the second goal of the work. The results of the analysis show that the situation of mortality in Czechia is slightly worse compared to the European average. On the other hand, in Czechia, compared to other countries of the European Union, the absolute highest decrease of the mortality rate from malignant neoplasms occurred in observed period both for men and for women. Significant reductions in mortality have been documented in many selected groups of causes of death and most of individual age categories between 2009 and 2015, especially for...
Analysis of Mortality from Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents in the Countries of the European Union
Chráska, Miroslav ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Rybová, Kristýna (referee)
Analýza úmrtnosti vlivem dopravních nehod motorových vozidel v zemích Evropské unie Abstrakt Práce si klade za cíl zmapovat vývoj úrovně úmrtnosti při dopravních nehodách motorových vozidel a provést mezinárodní srovnání zemí Evropské unie v rozmezí let 1990 až 2015. Mezi sledované faktory, které ovlivňovat tuto úmrtnost, byla zařazena dopravní legislativa jednotlivých států, počty automobilů a jejich průměrné stáří v uváděných zemích. Jako výchozí metoda analýzy byla vybrána přímá standardizace míry úmrtnosti. Při zjišťování faktorů ovlivňujících úmrtnost při dopravních nehodách byla využita korelační analýza. Na počátku sledovaného období (rok 1990) byly mezi současnými členskými státy Evropské unie výrazné rozdíly v intenzitě úmrtnosti při dopravních nehodách. V průběhu sledovaných let však došlo k postupnému snižování úrovně úmrtnosti a jednotlivé státy se v hodnotách standardizované míry úmrtnosti při dopravních nehodách přibližují. V dlouhodobém horizontu se relativně stálý poměr zemřelých mužů (tři čtvrtiny) vůči ženám (čtvrtina) nemění. Klíčová slova: úmrtnost, dopravní nehody, počet automobilů, stáří automobilů, dopravní legislativa, země Evropské unie, srovnávací analýza
The lowest-mortality countries: their specifics and trends of development
Stýblová, Julie ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
The lowest-mortality countries: their specifics and trends of development Abstract The main objective of this work is to analyze mortality rates in the countries with the lowest mortality rates in the world between 1990 and 2013 for males and females separately. In order to assess development trends, indicators of life expectancy at birth, probability of death, which served to assess the mortality by age and using one-dimensional decomposition, the contributions of different age groups to the change in life expectancy at birth were determined. For a more detailed analysis, mortality was assessed for selected groups of death causes using standardized mortality rates and the view was complemented by a two-dimensional decomposition, which determined the contributions of age groups and major cause classes to assess how age group and cause of death has contributed to the change in life expectancy at birth. All countries have increased their life expectancy at birth and no signs of slowing are observed. The results show that each country is approaching and there are not too many differences. Selected countries have similar trends in decreasing mortality rates in older age groups and changing the order of the most important causes of death. Key words: Mortality, age and gender, causes of death, life expectancy,...

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