National Repository of Grey Literature 113 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Impact of demographic changes on municipal technical infrastructure in the Czech Republic - case study of waste management
Rybová, Kristýna ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Šídlo, Luděk (referee) ; Trögl, Josef (referee)
Impact of demographic changes on municipal technical infrastructure in the Czech Republic - case study of waste management Abstract The aim of this study is to quantify the impact of demographic development on the current household production of municipal waste in the Czech Republic and at the same time to compare their influence with the impact of other factors. Based on a literature review and statistical data available for the Czech Republic, a set of 22 explanatory variables concerning structure of population by age, gender, highest education and employment, as well as the size of households, unemployment, purchasing power, population density and basic characteristics of housing was identified in order to explain the production of municipal solid waste, mixed municipal waste and separately collected waste components (glass and plastics). It has turned out that demographic variables, especially the average household size, gender, age, level of education or sector of employment have a statistically significant but rather weak impact on the production of these waste streams. Given that the detailed analysis of the variables indicated that there is a significant spatial variability of these characteristics and that they exhibit spatial non- stationarity, the next step was to analyze the relationship of the...
Czechia in the European context of malignant neoplasms mortality: analysis of potential factors of level and structure of mortality from this cause of death in the latest years
Maláková, Kateřina ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Czechia in the European context of malignant neoplasms mortality: analysis of potential factors of level and structure of mortality from this cause of death in the latest years Abstract This diploma thesis sets two main goals. The first main goal is to describe the trends and the current situation of the level and structure of mortality from malignant neoplasms in Czechia in the European context. It is believed that there are significant differences between countries of the European Union due to many factors (such as lifestyle, level of prevention, availability and quality of health care). The significant part of this study is devoted to the analysis of possible factors that may be related to the incidence of neoplasms and the mortality from neoplasms, which is also the second goal of the work. The results of the analysis show that the situation of mortality in Czechia is slightly worse compared to the European average. On the other hand, in Czechia, compared to other countries of the European Union, the absolute highest decrease of the mortality rate from malignant neoplasms occurred in observed period both for men and for women. Significant reductions in mortality have been documented in many selected groups of causes of death and most of individual age categories between 2009 and 2015, especially for...
Analysis of Mortality from Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents in the Countries of the European Union
Chráska, Miroslav ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Rybová, Kristýna (referee)
Analýza úmrtnosti vlivem dopravních nehod motorových vozidel v zemích Evropské unie Abstrakt Práce si klade za cíl zmapovat vývoj úrovně úmrtnosti při dopravních nehodách motorových vozidel a provést mezinárodní srovnání zemí Evropské unie v rozmezí let 1990 až 2015. Mezi sledované faktory, které ovlivňovat tuto úmrtnost, byla zařazena dopravní legislativa jednotlivých států, počty automobilů a jejich průměrné stáří v uváděných zemích. Jako výchozí metoda analýzy byla vybrána přímá standardizace míry úmrtnosti. Při zjišťování faktorů ovlivňujících úmrtnost při dopravních nehodách byla využita korelační analýza. Na počátku sledovaného období (rok 1990) byly mezi současnými členskými státy Evropské unie výrazné rozdíly v intenzitě úmrtnosti při dopravních nehodách. V průběhu sledovaných let však došlo k postupnému snižování úrovně úmrtnosti a jednotlivé státy se v hodnotách standardizované míry úmrtnosti při dopravních nehodách přibližují. V dlouhodobém horizontu se relativně stálý poměr zemřelých mužů (tři čtvrtiny) vůči ženám (čtvrtina) nemění. Klíčová slova: úmrtnost, dopravní nehody, počet automobilů, stáří automobilů, dopravní legislativa, země Evropské unie, srovnávací analýza
The lowest-mortality countries: their specifics and trends of development
Stýblová, Julie ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
The lowest-mortality countries: their specifics and trends of development Abstract The main objective of this work is to analyze mortality rates in the countries with the lowest mortality rates in the world between 1990 and 2013 for males and females separately. In order to assess development trends, indicators of life expectancy at birth, probability of death, which served to assess the mortality by age and using one-dimensional decomposition, the contributions of different age groups to the change in life expectancy at birth were determined. For a more detailed analysis, mortality was assessed for selected groups of death causes using standardized mortality rates and the view was complemented by a two-dimensional decomposition, which determined the contributions of age groups and major cause classes to assess how age group and cause of death has contributed to the change in life expectancy at birth. All countries have increased their life expectancy at birth and no signs of slowing are observed. The results show that each country is approaching and there are not too many differences. Selected countries have similar trends in decreasing mortality rates in older age groups and changing the order of the most important causes of death. Key words: Mortality, age and gender, causes of death, life expectancy,...
Comparative analysis of working age population mortality in selected developed countries
Straka, Jakub ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Rybová, Kristýna (referee)
Comparative analysis of working age population mortality in selected developed countries Abstract The main aim of this thesis was to analyze trends in mortality situation of working-age population (20-64 years old) in 31 developed countries in period 1995-2010 and to find similarities and differences between them. Temporary life expectancy was used as an indicator which summarizes the intensity of mortality in productive age. One-dimensional and two-dimensional decomposition revealed the contributions of individual age groups and selected nine major groups causes of death defined by ICD to the difference in temporary life expectancy values between 1995 and 2010 in five selected countries. An analysis of the development of this indicator has shown that there has been a prolongation of life span in working age in all surveyed countries and differences in mortality rates between countries decreased. Major cause of this trend was probably reduction of the mortality rate in the middle-aged population, mainly of external causes, in the 20-54 age group in countries with lower life expectancy rates. However, to verify this hypothesis, it would be necessary to analyze other developed countries with a higher level of mortality in working age population than Bulgaria and Lithuania. Countries with higher temporary life...
Development and specifics of mortality in European post-socialist countries since 1990
Solařová, Kristýna ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Development and specifics of mortality in European post-socialist countries since 1990 Abstract The aim of this thesis is to track, analyze and assess main trends of mortality development in selected European post-socialist countries between 1990 and 2010. At the beginning, the thesis resumes the similarities in history of mortality trends in analyzed countries (the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Latvia and Ukraine) during the second half of the 20th century. It then describes the factors that caused the mortality heterogeneity in these states after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Emphasis is placed on mortality crises, which have negatively affected the mortality trends in Latvia and Ukraine, as well as on conditions of favourable development in Bulgaria and especially in the Czech Republic. The development of total mortality level is described using life expectancy at birth. Since all analyzed states are characterized by higher male mortality rates, the phenomenon of male mortality excess is explained later on in the thesis. The thesis also describes and analyzes the development of death causes (neoplasm, circulatory system diseases and external causes). The findings of the previous chapters are followed by Pollard's two-dimensional decomposition of the differences in life expectancy at birth between 1990...
Similarities and differences in the structure and intensity of mortality in the Scandinavian countries
Štiplová, Veronika ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
Similarities and differences in the structure and intensity of mortality in the Scandinavian countries Abstract The aim of this bachelor thesis is to find similarities and differences in the structure and intensity of mortality from 1990 to 2014 in four Scandinavian countries (in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). First, the mortality rate is compared in the total and then it is compared due to six selected classes of causes of death (diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms, diseases of the respiratory system, external causes of morbidity and mortality, mental and behavioural disorders, and finally, diseases of the nervous system). In the analyzed period, life expectancy at birth increased in all of the analyzed countries for both sexes and it was higher for women than men, however the increase in males is higher than in females. Most of the increase in life expectancy at birth was caused by decrease in the mortality rate due to diseases of the circulatory system. In the early 1990s, the class of circulatory disease represented the cause of death for approximately half of all deaths in both sexes in all of the analyzed countries. Neoplasms were the cause of death for another 20 % of deaths, in Denmark 25 %. In the monitored period, the share of deaths due to circulatory system diseases decreased to...

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