Ústav jaderné fyziky

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2021-03-28
00:00
Effect of implantation of C, Si and Cu into ZrNb nanometric multilayers
Daghbouj, N. ; Karlík, M. ; Lorinčík, J. ; Polcar, T. ; Callisti, M. ; Havránek, Vladimír
Sputter-deposited Zr/Nb nanometric multilayer films with a periodicity (L) in the range from 6 to 167 nm were subjected to carbon, silicon and copper ion irradiation with low and high fluences at room temperature. The ion profiles, mechanical proprieties, and disordering behavior have been investigated by using a variety of experimental techniques (Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry - SIMS, nanoindentation, X-ray diffraction - XRD, and scanning transmission electron microscopy - STEM). On the STEM bright field micrographs there is damage clearly visible on the surface side of the multilayer. Deeper, the most damaged and disordered zone, located close to the maximum ion concentration, was observed. The in-depth C and Si concentration profiles obtained from SIMS were not affected by the periodicity of the nanolayers. This is in accordance with SRIM simulations. XRD and electron diffraction analyses suggest a structural evolution in relation to L. After irradiation, Zr (0002) and Nb (110) reflexions overlap for L=6 nm. For the periodicity L > 6 nm the Zr (0002) peak is shifted to higher angles and Nb (110) peak is shifted to lower angles.

Úplný záznam
2021-03-28
00:00
Investigation of deformation mechanisms in textured magnesium alloy
Dittrich, J. ; Čapek, J. ; Knapek, Michal ; Minárik, P.
Advanced in-situ and ex-situ methods were used to reveal active deformation mechanisms during deformation of magnesium alloy with a strong texture. Three sets of samples were prepared from the rolled sheet of commercial AZ31 alloy with respect to its strong basal texture - normal direction (ND), rolling direction (RD) and 45 degrees between RD and ND, and were deformed in both compression and tension. The signal of acoustic emission (AE) was measured concurrently during the deformation. Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) was used to study the microstructure after the selected stages of the deformation. It is shown that the extension twinning played an important role during the plastic deformation in the samples having favorably oriented basal texture component, whereas in the unfavorably oriented samples, the role of twinning was marginal. Pronounced activation of twinning only in some samples caused a considerable variation in the deformation behavior and AE response. A consistent link between the energy and amplitudes of the AE signal and the microstructure changes investigated by EBSD was established.

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2021-03-28
00:00
Mechanical properties of WN43 magnesium alloy prepared by spark plasma sintering
Knapek, Michal ; Minárik, P. ; Greš, A. ; Zemková, M. ; Cinert, Jakub ; Král, R.
The spark plasma sintering (SPS) method was used to prepare bulk materials form WN43 magnesium alloy atomized powder. Compression tests were carried out in order to investigate the effect of different sintering regimes (10 min at 400, 450, or 500 degrees C) on the mechanical properties of the material. Furthermore, complementary in-situ acoustic emission (AE) recording was employed to reveal the dynamics of deformation processes during compression. It was shown that by increasing the sintering temperature, the ultimate compressive strength and ductility were significantly improved. The AE data and microstructure observations suggest that pronounced twin nucleation takes place around the yield point whereas twin growth and dislocation activity are the dominant deformation mechanisms in the later stages of deformation.

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2021-03-28
00:00
Effect of aluminum content and precipitation on the corrosion behavior and acoustic emission response of AZ31 and AZ80 magnesium alloys
Veverková, E. ; Knapek, Michal ; Minárik, P.
In this study, we investigated the effect of aluminum content and precipitation on the corrosion behavior of the AZ31 and AZ80 magnesium alloys. The investigated alloys were received in the as-extruded condition in order to retain comparable grain size and texture. First, solid solution treatment was performed on the samples of both alloys. Subsequently, the samples were isothermally aged at 200 degrees C for 20 hours. The scanning electron microscopy was used to study the grain size and microstructure. The corrosion properties of samples were studied by potentiodynamic polarization measurements and the AE signal was concurrently recorded. Solution treated AZ80 and AZ31 samples exhibited similar behavior. The aged AZ80 sample showed lower corrosion rate. Also, a strong breakdown appeared in the later (compared to other samples) stage of the potentiodynamic test. The breakdown was found to be easily recognized by AE parameters.

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2021-02-24
00:43
The effect of the heat treatment at 450°C on distribution of residual stresses of modified Cr-Mo steel welds
Mráz, L. ; Hervoches, Charles ; Mikula, Pavol ; Kotora, J.
The effect of low-temperature long-term heat treatment on distribution of residual stresses on the modified chromium-molybdenum steel of the type 7 CrMoVTiB10-10 and known as the T24 steel which was studied by using neutron diffraction method, is presented.

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2021-02-24
00:43
On a possible High-Resolution Residual Strain/Stress Measurements by Three Axis Neutron Diffractometer
Mikula, Pavol ; Šaroun, Jan ; Rogante, M.
The new unconventional high-resolution neutron diffraction three axis set-up for strain/stress measurements of rather large bulk polycrystalline samples is presented.

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2021-02-24
00:43
Neutron investigation of Nitinol stents and massive samples before and after PIRAC coating
Rogante, M. ; Buhagiar, J. ; Cassar, G. ; Debono, M. ; Lebedev, V. ; Mikula, Pavol ; Ryukhtin, Vasyl
Nitinol, a thermoelastic Ni-Ti Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) with approximately 50 at. % Ti, is adopted in a wide range of medical equipment and devices used in interventional radiology, orthopaedics, neurology and cardiology, in particular as a smart material for stents. In this work, NiTi real stents and massive samples before and after different Powder Immersion Reaction Assisted Coating (PIRAC) treatments have been investigated by using two neutron techniques: (1) Small and Ultra-Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS, USANS) for nano- and micro-scale characterization, obtaining information on structure and the effects due to the coating treatment, and (2) High-Resolution Neutron Diffraction (HRND), evaluating the macrostrain components resulting from angular shifts of diffraction peaks and the micro-strains in the plastically deformation region by means of profile-broadening analysis. The obtained results contribute: improving knowledge of defects and other key features of the materials complementary to those achieved by using traditional examination techniques. helping to better understand the functional characteristics of Nitinol parts and predict the material's mechanical behaviour.

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2020-01-13
08:29
Residual stresses of laser-welded pressure vessel steel determined by X-ray and neutron diffraction
Trojan, K. ; Vlk, A. ; Čapek, J. ; Hervoches, Charles ; Ganev, N.
To gain insight into the quality of the laser weld, information about the residual stress state across the weld is very useful. In this contribution, the residual stress profiles for lowalloy carbon steel plates of P355NL1 grade, which were laser welded from both sides, are presented. To separate the effects of the production of plates from the welding process, the samples were annealed for stress relieving. Using X-ray and neutron diffraction, the surface and bulk RS profiles were obtained. From the obtained data, first, the difference in the character of the longitudinal (parallel to the weld axis) and the transversal component of the RS tensor can be seen. The longitudinal component has a tensile character with a maximum value approximately 500 MPa. Values and character of the transversal component vary strongly with depth and distance from the weld axis.

Úplný záznam
2019-12-09
08:15
On a possible use of neutron three axis diffractometer for studies of elastic and plastic deformation of polycrystalline materials
Mikula, Pavol ; Ryukhtin, Vasyl ; Rogante, M.
Feasibility of using a high-resolution three axis neutron diffractometer performance for elastic and plastic deformation studies of metallic polycrystalline samples is presented. The method consists of unconventional set up employing bent perfect crystal (BPC) monochromator and analyzer with a polycrystalline sample in between. After the realization of focusing conditions in real and momentum space at the neutron wavelength of 0.162 nm, a high angular resolution up to FWHM(d/d)=2x10-3 was achieved on the standard Fe(110) sample (2 mm diameter) which then opened the possibility for the measurements of small lattice parameter changes of samples. The feasibility of the instrument for macro-and microstrain as well as grain size studies is demonstrated on the polycrystalline samples of low carbon shear deformed steel wires and the NiTi plates subjected to heat treatment.

Úplný záznam
2019-05-16
18:17
Instrumentation for study of nanomaterials in NPI REZ (New laboratory for material study in Nuclear Physics Institute in REZ)
Bejšovec, Václav ; Cannavó, Antonino ; Ceccio, Giovanni ; Hnatowicz, Vladimír ; Horák, Pavel ; Lavrentiev, Vasyl ; Macková, Anna ; Tomandl, Ivo ; Torrisi, Alfio ; Vacík, Jiří
Nano-sized materials become irreplaceable component of a number of devices for every aspect of human life. The development of new materials and deepening of the current knowledge require a set of specialized techniques-deposition methods for preparation/modification of the materials and analytical tools for proper understanding of their properties. A thoroughly equipped research centers become the requirement for the advance and development not only in nano-sized field. The Center of Accelerators and Nuclear Analytical Methods (CANAM) in the Nuclear Physics Institute (NPI) comprises a unique set of techniques for the synthesis or modification of nanostructured materials and systems, and their characterization using ion beam, neutron beam and microscopy imaging techniques. The methods are used for investigation of a broad range of nano-sized materials and structures based on metal oxides, nitrides, carbides, carbon-based materials (polymers, fullerenes, graphenes, etc.) and nano-laminate composites (MAX phases). These materials can be prepared at NPI using ion beam sputtering, physical vapor deposition and molecular beam epitaxy. Based on the deposition method and parameters, the samples can be tuned to possess specific properties, e.g., composition, thickness (nm-μm), surface roughness, optical and electrical properties, etc. Various nuclear analytical methods are applied for the sample characterization. RBS, RBS-channeling, PIXE, PIGE, micro-beam analyses and Transmission Spectroscopy are accomplished at the Tandetron 4130MC accelerator, and additionally the Neutron Depth Profiling (NDP) and Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation (PGNA) analyses are performed at an external neutron beam from the LVR-15 research reactor. The multimode AFM facility provides further surface related information, magnetic/electrical properties with nano-metric precision, nano-indentation, etc.

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