National Repository of Grey Literature 35 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Profit shifting of European banks: Evidence from Global Reporting Initiative data
Sůva, Daniel ; Janský, Petr (advisor) ; Pavlova, Alena (referee)
This thesis investigates the profit shifting practices of European banks using country-by-country reporting data. The main contribution is the first use of Global Reporting Initiative reports by hand-collecting a sample of six banks. The thesis estimates the banks' effective tax rates in two ways, highlighting the advantages and limitations of each method. Additionally, the study com- pares the economic activity, employees, and tangible assets in tax havens and estimates multiple models to estimate the amount of shifted profits into tax havens. The analysis finds no significant connection between the effective tax rate of jurisdiction and booked profits, which is in contrast to a large body of existing literature. It concludes that the sampled banks do not systematically use tax havens but confirms a positive relationship between a bank's size and its participation in profit shifting. The thesis also highlights the correlation between tax transparency and lower tax avoidance among the sampled banks, which is in line with the hypothesis that increased transparency can increase tax revenue.
Anti-Tax Avoidance Measures from the Perspective of Czech, European Union and International Tax Law
Kappel, Jiří ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
This dissertation deals with the issue of tax avoidance, which has been intensively discussed at international, EU and national level in recent years and has led to relatively extensive reforms of general and specific rules responding to this problem. For this reason, the main objective of this dissertation is to identify the impact of anti-avoidance rules that can be applied in the Czech Republic on the application practice, especially in the area of corporate income tax. With regard to the main objective of the dissertation, two hypotheses are formulated which will be examined, namely that I. these rules currently represent a sufficiently effective solution to tax avoidance and II. these rules do not contradict fundamental legal principles. As the rules under examination are not contained only in domestic law, the issue will also be approached from the perspective of EU and international law. Among the scientific methods, the thesis mainly uses description to introduce the individual rules, analysis to critically assess them and synthesis to formulate conclusions, verify hypotheses and propose related normative recommendations. Key words Tax Avoidance, GAAR, SAAR, BEPS
General Anti-Abuse Rule
Vraštil, Martin ; Sejkora, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
GeneralAnti-Abuse Rule Abstract This thesis first deals in general terms with the basic classification of taxpayers' strategies for reducing their taxes based on compliance of these strategies with the law. It then focuses on the legislative responses having the form of General Anti-Avoidance Rule of the supranational and the state entities which are most relevant in relation to Czech taxpayers. These are the General Anti-Avoidance Rules contained in the sources of European Union law and the General Anti-Avoidance Rules contained in the legal order of the Czech Republic. The aim of this thesis is to determine the content of the General Anti-Avoidance Rule and thus to answer the question of what this measure truly is. This aim is achieved by analysing relevant sources of law and secondary literature, by describing the content of the European and Czech General Anti-Avoidance Rules and by comparing them with each other. In the chapter which is dealing with General Anti-Avoidance Rules in the European Union, this thesis first focuses on the historical development of various forms of General Anti-Avoidance Rules in European Union law. In this chapter the author then describes the particular components of a European General Anti-Avoidance Rules, which precisely represent the procedural steps a tax authority...
Tax avoidance by multinational corporations: An empirical analysis based on firm-level data
Godar, Sarah ; Janský, Petr (advisor) ; Barrios, Salvador (referee) ; Lejour, Arjan (referee) ; Weichenrieder, Alfons (referee)
Tax avoidance by multinational corporations An empirical analysis based on firm-level data Author: Sarah Godar Abstract In this thesis, I use confidential firm-level data from the Microdatabase Direct Investment (MiDi database) provided by the Deutsche Bundesbank to analyze tax avoidance by German MNCs. While such data has frequently been used in tax-avoidance research, it has yet to be employed to derive macro-level estimates of tax avoidance by Germany-based MNCs. My MiDi-based research includes an estimation of the scale of profit shifting by German affiliates of foreign MNCs and related tax-revenue losses (Chapter 1), as well as an investigation of the tax-haven use and distribution of profits and economic activity of MNCs headquartered in Germany (Chapter 2). Finally, in collaboration with several co-authors, I investigate relatively new micro data on the global tax payments and activities of multinational corporations, voluntarily published by individual MNCs following the implementation of the new CbCR standard (Chapter 3). I employ different methodological approaches depending on the quality of the data and the research focus of each chapter. In the first chapter, I employ a standard microeconometric approach to identify profit- shifting and estimate the semi-elasticities of MNCs' profits with...
Global distribution of revenue loss from corporate tax avoidance
Richtárová, Marie Anna ; Janský, Petr (advisor) ; Dubinina, Evgeniya (referee)
Existing empirical results suggest inequality of the global distribution of tax revenue loss resulting from tax avoidance techniques as base erosion and profit shifting to the detriment of developing countries. International Mon- etary Fund researchers conducted a pioneering study in this field in 2016 and introduced an innovative methodology to quantify the revenue impact. The aim of this thesis is firstly to re-estimate their model. Moreover, among other changes in the data, we exploit high-quality revenue data from the International Centre for Tax and Development-World Institute for Develop- ment Economics Research Government Revenue Database with an extended time range offering so more recent and accurate estimates of global revenue loss. Our findings suggest a slightly lower estimate of US$550 billion revenue loss globally. In terms of percent of the gross domestic product, the results indicate a less severe revenue loss compared to previous estimates. Follow- ing a previous re-estimation carried out by Cobham and Janský in 2018, we present updated loss estimates disaggregated for country income groups and regions. The results present further evidence of greater severity of rev- enue loss due to tax avoidance in low and lower-middle income countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America & the...
Don't pay taxes, save your money!
Bradáč, Michal ; Kemény, Irena (advisor) ; Gregor, Martin (referee)
Bachelor thesis "Don't Pay Taxes, Save Your Money!" focuses on the impact of the existence of tax havens on private and public sector. On the theoretical level, it shows the attractivity of tax havens for sufficiently large firms that can afford to pay costs of tax planning and profit manipulations. On the empirical level, it shows that tax havens are really the most successful jurisdictions in attracting foreign investors. In the end, two models of tax competition are introduced in order to describe the importance of tax competition for the whole economy. Keywords:Tax Haven, Tax Avoidance, Tax Competition
Implementation of ATAD
Knetl, Štěpán ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to describe and evaluate the Czech implementation of Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD). It firstly introduces the problem of tax avoidance, its scale and defines basic concepts such as tax avoidance, tax evasion, tax havens and harmful preferential tax regimes. The author consequently describes origins of the Directive, OECD's Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Actions and other measures that are being implemented on the EU level such as international exchange of information in the field of taxation based on DAC Directives, the proposal of CCCTB. In the second chapter the ATAD is presented. It consists of five measures intended to neutralize the effects of tax avoidance practices, or in other words, to prevent erosion of the CIT base and the shifting of profits to jurisdictions enforcing little or no tax liabilities. First measure proposed is the interest limitation rule. It is intended to prevent the use of debt financing as a form of tax avoidance by limiting the amount of the tax-deductible borrowing costs that an entity is allowed to claim. Second measure is the exit taxation rule that requires the Member States to tax unrealised appreciation of assets based on the difference between amount equal to the market value of the transferred asset at the time of exit of the...
Determinants of the Demand for Tax Haven Operations: Empirical Evidence from the Czech Republic
Burianová, Markéta ; Janský, Petr (advisor) ; Švarcová, Natálie (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to explore the firm-specific determinants of the demand for tax haven operations by Czech firms. Our objective is to better understand the firms' incentives for tax haven use, and furthermore whether there exists cross-haven heterogeneity in those incentives. The thesis examines the firms' tax haven investment behaviour by analysing firm-level data for 15,530 Czech firms for year 2013. To the extent of our knowledge, this has been the first research of its kind devoted to Czech firms. The evidence suggests that larger, more profitable firms with larger international presence are most likely to use tax havens. The analysis also indicates that higher firm indebtedness is associated with greater likelihood of establishing tax haven operations. This would suggest Czech firms engage in profit shifting through the use of debt financing. Furthermore, service firms were found to be more likely to use tax havens than manufacturing firms. This contrasts with previous research where R&D intensity was a leading indicator of tax haven use. Additionally, we found significant cross-haven heterogeneity in the determinants, particularly in the sector-specific characteristics. In our sample, service firms favoured Cyprus and the Netherlands, while manufacturing firms preferred Luxembourg...
How Much in Taxes Do Multinational Enterprises Pay?
Boukal, Tomáš ; Janský, Petr (advisor) ; Palanská, Tereza (referee)
Taxation of multinational enterprises accounts for a significant portion of government revenues. These revenues are however negatively affected by the tax behavior of many multinational groups which shift significant part of their profits to tax haven countries. The prevailing body of the literature on this topic has focused on the quantification of shifted profits and the resulting tax losses. Thus, the question of how much multinational enterprises do pay on taxes has remained unanswered. This has changed with the recent publications of Bolwijn et al. (2018) and Tørsløv et al. (2018). The aim of this thesis is to discuss their methodologies, apply them and present the amount of taxes paid by foreign affiliates of multinationals in individual countries. We express the results as a portion of GDP to enable cross-country comparison and put them in contrast to the estimates of tax losses from profit shifting. Keywords multinational enterprise, corporate income tax, international taxation, government revenue, tax avoidance

National Repository of Grey Literature : 35 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record: