National Repository of Grey Literature 18 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Investigation of stability and dynamics of photosynthetic pigment - protein complexes using optical spectroscopy
ODERMATT, Mirjam
Isolated violaxanthin-chlorophyll a binding protein of Nannochloropsis oceanica was studied by optical spectroscopy, putting a specific focus on time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Thereby, dynamic and kinetic information about the pigment-protein interactions with respect to non-photochemical quenching was collected utilizing pigment and intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence. Using this method, the investigation of the molecular environment of the pigment-protein complex during the process of qE was possible.
Přenos energie z antény LH1 do reakčního centra u fotosyntetických bakterií
SVĚTLÍK, Ondřej
The main task of this thesis is to study transfer dynamic of Rhodobacter sphaeroides using femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. Part of this task is to compare the dimeric Rhodobacter sphaeroides and the monomeric mutant.
Automatization of experimental setup for optical spectroscopy
Čecháček, Jan ; Nováček, Zdeněk (referee) ; Dvořák, Petr (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the modernization and improvement of an application that automates measurements on an experimental setup for spectral and topographic mapping using confocal microscopy and near-field microscopy. The arrangement of the report, the principle of communication of the program with individual parts of the report and the principle of data collection and processing are described here. The output of the program are point spectra and 2D maps describing the topography, intensity and position of the spectral peaks. The thesis includes a research study of optical and time-resolving optical spectroscopy and their applications in nanophotonics. The correct functionality of the program is demonstrated by the results of measurements of perovskite MAPbI3 and organic substrate.
Optical spectroscopy of magnetic semiconductors suitable for spintronic applications
Saidl, Vít ; Němec, Petr (advisor) ; Mics, Zoltán (referee)
In this work we investigate optical properties of new antiferromagnetic semiconductor - LiMnAs. This semiconductor oxidizes easily in air. This fact complicates significantly the investigation of its properties by the optical spectroscopy. This problem was solved by a construction of the optical setup that enables measurements of the reflectivity spectra directly in the chamber where this semiconductor is prepared by a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Firstly, the reliability of this optical setup was tested by the measurements of the reflectivity spectra of the well known semiconductors (GaAs and InAs). Secondly, the first measurements of LiMnAs reflectivity directly in the MBE chamber was performed.
Interaction of short-wavelength laser pulses with matter on various time scales
Vozda, Vojtěch ; Kunc, Jan (advisor) ; Caha, Ondřej (referee) ; Timneanu, Nicusor (referee)
An advent of powerful sources producing intense and ultrashort laser pulses containing high-energy photons opened up a wide range of possibilities to conduct experiments formerly achievable only through theoretical calculations and models. This thesis provides a complex overview of processes which occur right after arrival of the first photons, through lattice heating, up to resolidification and formation of irreversible changes. Irradiated spots and craters formed in various materials are examined employing a wide range of microscopic and spectroscopic methods which provide a deep insight into laser-induced modifications such as detachment of a graphene layer from SiC substrate or thermally-induced diffusion of tellurium inclusions through CdTe lattice. An increased emphasis is placed on beam characterization utilizing ablation and desorption imprints in suitable solids. A proper knowledge of the beam fluence profile may serve for evaluation of diverse damage thresholds as well as for modelling of the pulse propagation or consequent retrieval of otherwise unmeasurable opacity of warm dense aluminium plasma heated to temperatures exceeding tens of thousands of Kelvins. Moreover, the method of desorption imprints is extended to accurate characterization of pulses delivered at MHz repetition rate....
Automatisation of an experimental setup for optical spectroscopy
Hrabina, Jakub ; Gallina, Pavel (referee) ; Dvořák, Petr (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the development and description of an application that enabled full automation of an experimental assembly for spectral mapping using confocal optical microscopy. It presents communication with all individual devices and explains the principle of data collection from the examined sample and their subsequent mathematical processing. The output of this application is the visualization of 2D spectral maps evaluating the intensity and position of spectral peaks, with the possibility of exporting user-friendly point spectra. In addition, the work further describes a research study of optical confocal spectroscopy with applications to nanophotonics. In addition, the functionality of the whole application is demonstrated on the spectral response of a 2D metasurface, which acts as a Bayer mask.
Study of thermal and photodegradation of beer and other fermented beverages
Škoda, Jakub ; Gabriel, Petr (advisor)
In this thesis the optical changes of beers and model beer solutions during their photodegradation were studied. The optical changes - change of absorbance - were measured on the prototype of apparatus COLORTURB and were correlated with sensory tested intensity of the lightstruck flavour of beer and with riboflavin content in samples. High correlation between the lightstruck flavour intensity, the loss of absorbance at the wavelength of 450 nm and the riboflavin content loss was found. The partial recovery of the absorbance for both beers and model beer solutions was found and was attributed to the riboflavin photoproducts transformation.
Interaction of short-wavelength laser pulses with matter on various time scales
Vozda, Vojtěch ; Kunc, Jan (advisor) ; Caha, Ondřej (referee) ; Timneanu, Nicusor (referee)
An advent of powerful sources producing intense and ultrashort laser pulses containing high-energy photons opened up a wide range of possibilities to conduct experiments formerly achievable only through theoretical calculations and models. This thesis provides a complex overview of processes which occur right after arrival of the first photons, through lattice heating, up to resolidification and formation of irreversible changes. Irradiated spots and craters formed in various materials are examined employing a wide range of microscopic and spectroscopic methods which provide a deep insight into laser-induced modifications such as detachment of a graphene layer from SiC substrate or thermally-induced diffusion of tellurium inclusions through CdTe lattice. An increased emphasis is placed on beam characterization utilizing ablation and desorption imprints in suitable solids. A proper knowledge of the beam fluence profile may serve for evaluation of diverse damage thresholds as well as for modelling of the pulse propagation or consequent retrieval of otherwise unmeasurable opacity of warm dense aluminium plasma heated to temperatures exceeding tens of thousands of Kelvins. Moreover, the method of desorption imprints is extended to accurate characterization of pulses delivered at MHz repetition rate....
Study of thermal and photodegradation of beer and other fermented beverages
Škoda, Jakub ; Gabriel, Petr (advisor)
In this thesis the optical changes of beers and model beer solutions during their photodegradation were studied. The optical changes - change of absorbance - were measured on the prototype of apparatus COLORTURB and were correlated with sensory tested intensity of the lightstruck flavour of beer and with riboflavin content in samples. High correlation between the lightstruck flavour intensity, the loss of absorbance at the wavelength of 450 nm and the riboflavin content loss was found. The partial recovery of the absorbance for both beers and model beer solutions was found and was attributed to the riboflavin photoproducts transformation.
The intrinsic submicron ZnO thin films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering
Remeš, Zdeněk ; Stuchlík, Jiří ; Purkrt, Adam ; Chang, Yu-Ying ; Jirásek, Vít ; Štenclová, Pavla ; Prajzler, V. ; Nekvindová, P.
The DC reactive magnetron sputtering of metallic target in oxide atmosphere is a simple method of depositing the intrinsic (undoped) nanocrystalline layers of metal oxides. We have optimized the deposition of the intrinsic ZnO thin films with submicron thickness 50-500 nm on fused silica glass substrates and investigated the localized defect states below the optical absorption edge down to 0.01 % using photothermal deflection spectroscopy from UV to IR. We have shown that the defect density, the optical absorptance and the related optical attenuation in planar waveguides can be significantly reduced by annealing in air at 400 °C.

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