National Repository of Grey Literature 107 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Hybrid Composites Combining Short Deformable Fibers and Particulate Fillers in Polymeric Matrix
Smrčková, Markéta ; Pavelka,, Vladimír (referee) ; Poláček, Petr (advisor)
In this work, the effect of adding short deformable polyvinylalcohol fibers into dimethacrylate resins on mechanical properties of composite materials was investigated. Furthermore, micro- or nano-fillers were added into the matrix. The effect of filler/short fibers combination on mechanical properties of so-called hybrid composites was studied. Composites were characterized by differential compensation photocalorimetry (DPC), termogravimetric (TGA) and dynamic mechanical (DMA) analysis. The fracture surfaces were examined using scanning electron (SEM) and confocal laser (CLSM) microscopy. Elastic modulus and strength, the critical value of stress intensity factor and strain energy release rate and the viscoelastic properties of composite materials were measured. The mechanical properties of composite materials are affected not only by the type of filler/reinforcement, but also by properties of the matrix. These properties also depend on the way of network formation during photo-initiated polymerization. For this reason, heat of polymerization, degree of conversion and the maximum polymerization rate of mixture of dimethacrylate monomers were determined.
Low temperature tests and fracture toughness of selected ceramic materials
Beck, Branislav ; Drdlík, Daniel (referee) ; Chlup, Zdeněk (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with the determination of fracture toughness values of sintered silicon carbide and casted basalt using both the Single Edge V-Notch Beam (SEVNB) and the Chevron Notched Beam (CNB) methods at room and cryogenic temperatures. The first part of this thesis offers general overview and categorization of ceramic materials. Fracture mechanics of the ceramic materials and available fracture toughness testing methods are discussed in following chapters. The last section in the theoretical part is aimed to the microstructure and properties of the silicon carbide. Experimental part of the work summarizes methods used for characterization of selected materials from the microstructural and fracture point of view. Preparation of samples for microstructural observation and samples for fracture toughness determination are described in details. The results of the fracture toughness data for sintered silicon carbide and cast-basalt obtained at room temperature and at -100 °C are displayed. Consideration of possible measurements errors and application of various fracture toughness testing methods are discussed in the next chapter of this work. The difference in the fracture toughness values with the decrease of testing temperature was found. The difference depends on both, the used method of fracture toughness determination and the material used for the tests. The most important results gained during the experimental work are summarized in the chapter “Conclusions”.
Fracture behaviour of heat affected zone near heterogeneous weld joint
Jelínek, Vladimír ; Válka, Libor (referee) ; Juliš, Martin (advisor)
The study deals with mechanical characteristic of heterogeneous weld joint. The low carbon steel 22K and austenitic steel have been used as a experimetnal materials. The low carbon steel has special properties in basic condition. The sample has been evaluated in basic condition and after annealation. There have been evaluated impact of annealation proces to structure and mechanical charakteristics in experimental part of study. The particularised analysis of microstructure has been done by pictorial analysis. Mechanical characteristics has been examinated in both conditions by 2 different methods – measurment of microhardness according to Vickers and test of fracture toughness on compact tension specimens.
Optimisation of fibre-matrix interface in ceramic matrix composite
Halasová, Martina ; Černý,, Martin (referee) ; Chlup, Zdeněk (advisor)
This thesis is concerned to the study of behaviour of fibre composites with ceramics matrix. The composite consists of pyrolysed polysiloxane matrix reinforced by ceramic fibre Nextel 720. Main aim of this work is optimisation of fibre matrix interface through the selection of suitable precursor of the matrix with respect to temperature stability, sufficient strength and reasonable fracture toughness. Samples of matrices were exposed to the long term heat treatment in the range 1100 – 1500 °C. The mechanical properties as hardness and indentation elastic modulus were determined after heat treatment. Selected precursors of matrices were used for composite fabrication. Elastic modulus and fracture toughness at room and elevated temperatures were studied. Discussion is dedicated to the description of changes in mechanical properties with respect to chemical processes taking place during high temperature exposition. Further, reasons of fracture behaviour of composite materials are discussed, and finally, gained knowledge and outlined possibilities of subsequent development are summarised.
Short fiber reinforced composites in dental applications
Matysová, Dorota ; Vladimír, Pavelka (referee) ; Poláček, Petr (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with short-fibre reinforced composites for dental applications. Particulate barium filler, short polyacrylonitryle fibres or short glass fibres were added to the dimethacrylate matrix to study their effect on the composite material properties. Methods used for this study were thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential compensation photocalorimetry (DPC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), three point bending, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The matrix curing was defined by heat of polymerisation, degree of conversion and polymerisation rate. Composite materials were characterized by the glass transition temperature, storage moduli at 35 °C and 100 °C, elastic modulus, strength, the critical value of stress intensity factor and the critical value of energy release rate. Fracture surface investigation is also included in this thesis.
Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials and its Testing
Kosek, Lukáš ; Zapletal, Josef (referee) ; Němec, Karel (advisor)
The purpose of the work is to introduce the basic of the fracture toughness of metallic materials and its measuring under the conditions of the plane strain. There are shown essential concepts of the linear elastic fracture mechanics, which is used for the description of the material behavior at fracture of the material with a crack. It defines stress intensity factor and describes the main elements influencing the fracture toughness. Furthermore, the work contains the particular testing methods, specimens and testing equipments. In the conclusion it recapitulates the availability and the application of the linear elastic fracture mechanics.
The fracture behaviour of metallic alloys with low toughness level
Novotný, David ; Svoboda, Jiří (referee) ; Stratil, Luděk (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on determining mechanical properties of alloys produced by powder metallurgy methods. Two alloys were studied, namely a highly entropic CrMnFeCoNi alloy and an oxide dispersion-strenthened FeAlO alloy. Both alloys were made in laboratory amount of test material and miniature test specimens were used to measure their mechanical properties. The main goal of the diploma thesis was to develop a crack preparation methodology, to examine and to evaluate the properties of miniature test specimens for materials with low levels of resilience. In the analytical part of the thesis, tensile and deformation properties and fracture toughness of both alloys were measured. For the highly-entropic CrMnFeCoNi alloy, the thesis focused on the effect of the strain rate on the properties of the alloy. For the oxide dispersion-strenthened FeAlO, the effect of temperature in the 23-600 °C temperature range on its mechanical properties was studied.
Mechanical Properties of Plastics
Pavlíková, Petra ; Nezbedová, Eva (referee) ; Molliková, Eva (advisor)
Diploma paper deals with fracture toughtness of pipe type HDPE. The influence of material structure on its fracture toughness at temperature 0°C and 23°C measured by PSI test was determined. Experimental results were compared with gained results of S4 test and the conclusions about usage of PSI test in screening of impact properties of polymeric materials were formulated.
Initiation of stable crack propagation of selected building composites
Majtánová, Romana Viktória ; Veselý, Václav (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (advisor)
The purpose of my bachelor’s thesis is study of the effects of fibres in normal-weight concrete and light-weight concrete. Specimens were prepared from concrete with polypropylene fibres FORTA FERRO of three different lengths – 19, 38 and 54 mm – and also reference concrete (without fibres) was prepared. This thesis contains gradual evaluation of fracture tests on specimens from mentioned materials. The used fracture test was a three–point bending fracture test on beams with a central notch. From the measured load–deflection in the middle of span and load–crack mouth opening displacement diagrams were determined values of modulus of elasticity, unstable fracture toughness, initiation part of fracture toughness and also load level for beginning of stable crack propagation composites. For determination was used „double–K“ fracture model. For illustration is described evaluation using the effective crack model.
Evaluation of Fracture Tests on Selected Building Material Specimens via Double-K Model
Havlíková, Ivana ; Králík,, Juraj (referee) ; Němeček,, Jiří (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (advisor)
The purpose of dissertation is the analysis of the calculation of fracture parameters using Double-K fracture model for quasi-brittle specimens with the stress concentrator loaded by three-point bending or wedge splitting. To calculation of these parameters was used the developed DKFM_BUT software in Microsoft Excel application with using of Visual Basic programming language. Furthermore, the adequate shape functions and compliance functions were introduced for the selected wedge splitting test configurations. Main part of this dissertation is the series of comprehensively implemented and evaluated fracture experiments on specimens from advanced building materials, while the attention was paid to the analysis of experimental data. Finally, the selected results obtained using mentioned software support were presented and discussed.

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