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DEPOSITION OF PVP-PROTECTED PLATINUM NANOPARTICLES ON SEMICONDUCTOR SUBSTRATES FOR HYDROGEN SENSING
Černohorský, Ondřej ; Yatskiv, Roman ; Grym, Jan
High quality Schottky diode hydrogen sensors were prepared by the deposition of colloidal graphite on n-type InP substrates partly covered with PVP-protected Pt nanoparticles (NPs). A sub-monolayer of the Pt NPs was created by simple evaporation of the solvent in which Pt NPs were dispersed. The Pt NPs serve to dissociate hydrogen molecules into atomic hydrogen, which is absorbed at the metal-semiconductor interface. Hydrogen absorption leads to the formation of the dipole layer, which changes the Schottky barrier height and results in the increase of both forward and reverse current. The proposed hydrogen sensor showed high sensitivity response of similar to 10(6) to 1000 ppm H-2 in N-2 at room temperature