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Phylogeny of Archamoebae
Ptáčková, Eliška ; Čepička, Ivan (advisor) ; Vávra, Jiří (referee)
Archamoebae is a small group of anaerobic protists belonging to the eukaryotic supergroup Amoebozoa. Historically, they were regarded as primitively amitochondriate. However, a mitochondrial remnant has been found in some archamoebae. Phylogenetic analyses showed that Archamoebae are closely related to the aerobic slime moulds (Mycetozoa). Trophozoites of archamoebae are amoeboflagellates or aflagellated amoebae. The group includes both parasitic (Entamoeba, Endolimax and, possibly, Endamoeba and Iodamoeba) and free-living (Mastigamoeba, Mastigella, Pelomyxa) genera. The genus Mastigina comprises both endozoic and free-living representatives. Flagellated genera Mastigina, Mastigamoeba, Mastigella and Pelomyxa possess a single basal body associated with a microtubular cone which may or may not be associated with nucleus. The cone is a common feature for Archamoebae and mycetozoan slime moulds. The phylogeny of Archamoebae has not been fully elucidated yet and the taxonomy of free-living representatives is confusing. In the present study, we obtained 42 stable isolates of free-living Archamoebae. We sequenced and analyzed SSU rDNA of 15 of them. The Archamoebae split into five lineages. Based on TEM, we were able to recognize genera Mastigamoeba and Mastigella. The isolate IND8 probably represents a new...
Diversity and phylogeny of Archamoebae
Zadrobílková, Eliška ; Čepička, Ivan (advisor) ; Kostka, Martin (referee) ; Bardůnek Valigurová, Andrea (referee)
Members of the group Archamoebae are free-living or endobiotic amoeboid flagellates and amoebae. They live in anoxic or microoxic habitats, and their mitochondria have been reduced. They were originally thought to lack mitochondria and represent one of the earliest eukaryotes. However, this hypothesis has been refuted, and now it is evident that the Archamoebae belongs to the lineage Conosa within the supergroup Amoebozoa, together with aerobic slime molds (Macromycetozoa) and variosean amoebae and flagellates. Relatively simple microtubular cytoskeleton is a characteristic feature of Archamoebae. It consists of a single basal body from which a flagellum arises, lateral root, and microtubular cone. Cytoskeleton of aflagellated genera has been completely reduced. About 350 species names of Archamoebae have been created so far. However, most descriptions were based on inadequate morphological features. The identity of numerous species is uncertain, and many of them are likely synonymous. Another problem is a small amount of available molecular data. During our project, we have substantially improved the dataset of DNA sequences of archamoebae. On the basis of molecular and morphological data, we described 13 new species. We showed that genus Rhizomastix belongs to Archamoebae and displays a new type...
Diversity and phylogeny of Archamoebae
Zadrobílková, Eliška ; Čepička, Ivan (advisor) ; Kostka, Martin (referee) ; Valigurová, Andrea (referee)
Members of the group Archamoebae are free-living or endobiotic amoeboid flagellates and amoebae. They live in anoxic or microoxic habitats, and their mitochondria have been reduced. They were originally thought to lack mitochondria and represent one of the earliest eukaryotes. However, this hypothesis has been refuted, and now it is evident that the Archamoebae belongs to the lineage Conosa within the supergroup Amoebozoa, together with aerobic slime molds (Macromycetozoa) and variosean amoebae and flagellates. Relatively simple microtubular cytoskeleton is a characteristic feature of Archamoebae. It consists of a single basal body from which a flagellum arises, lateral root, and microtubular cone. Cytoskeleton of aflagellated genera has been completely reduced. About 350 species names of Archamoebae have been created so far. However, most descriptions were based on inadequate morphological features. The identity of numerous species is uncertain, and many of them are likely synonymous. Another problem is a small amount of available molecular data. During our project, we have substantially improved the dataset of DNA sequences of archamoebae. On the basis of molecular and morphological data, we described 13 new species. We showed that genus Rhizomastix belongs to Archamoebae and displays a new type...
Phylogeny of Archamoebae
Ptáčková, Eliška ; Vávra, Jiří (referee) ; Čepička, Ivan (advisor)
Archamoebae is a small group of anaerobic protists belonging to the eukaryotic supergroup Amoebozoa. Historically, they were regarded as primitively amitochondriate. However, a mitochondrial remnant has been found in some archamoebae. Phylogenetic analyses showed that Archamoebae are closely related to the aerobic slime moulds (Mycetozoa). Trophozoites of archamoebae are amoeboflagellates or aflagellated amoebae. The group includes both parasitic (Entamoeba, Endolimax and, possibly, Endamoeba and Iodamoeba) and free-living (Mastigamoeba, Mastigella, Pelomyxa) genera. The genus Mastigina comprises both endozoic and free-living representatives. Flagellated genera Mastigina, Mastigamoeba, Mastigella and Pelomyxa possess a single basal body associated with a microtubular cone which may or may not be associated with nucleus. The cone is a common feature for Archamoebae and mycetozoan slime moulds. The phylogeny of Archamoebae has not been fully elucidated yet and the taxonomy of free-living representatives is confusing. In the present study, we obtained 42 stable isolates of free-living Archamoebae. We sequenced and analyzed SSU rDNA of 15 of them. The Archamoebae split into five lineages. Based on TEM, we were able to recognize genera Mastigamoeba and Mastigella. The isolate IND8 probably represents a new...