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Health care about patients with hip dysplasia in childhood.
Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a congenital condition of the musculoskeletar system which occurs during childhood. Incidents of congenital hip dysplasia are diagnosed in approximately 3 % of newborns. This defect is 5 times more prevalent in girls than in boys. The theoretical part of this thesis deals with the congenital defect itself, the use of orthopedic aids and the education of parents, as well as children's tolerance towards orthopedic appliances. Two goals were set for this thesis: to determine mothers' awareness of congenital hip dysplasia and to map the importance of educating medical staff in this field of care. The empirical part of this thesis was devised through quantitative research carried out using semi-closed questionnaire techniques. The research sample was mothers of children diagnosed with hip dysplasia. The results showed that during their first pregnancies, in most cases, women are not aware of hip dysplasia; more awareness was reported in mothers who underwent orthopedic examinations with their first children. The highest awareness was shown in mothers who were diagnosed with hip dysplasia themselves. The results further indicate that education in the field of the care and handling of children with hip dysplasia is vital. It is necessary for general or pediatric nurses to educate parents, mainly concerning proper hygiene of their children. The results of this thesis can be used by medical staff to broaden their general knowledge of treating hip dysplasia, and for general or pediatric nurses who deal with affected children. The theoretical background and research results may also be helpful for parents of children who have been diagnosed with hip dysplasia. For parents of these patients, this diagnosis causes stressful situations for them to deal with. This thesis will explain how this condition arises, explain treatment options, and provide education on caring for children with hip dysplasia.

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