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Analysis of on farm maize production systems and suggestions for improvement
Maize is currently one of the most important feed crops. If we want to grow it effi-ciently, we should spend enough time selecting a suitable plot, seed and sowing date. When selecting the sowing date, it is important to achieve a temperature of 8 °C at sowing depth. The maize is sown at a depth of 3-4 cm and can be sown in conventional rows (75 cm), narrow rows (35 cm) or twin rows. Maize is a slow-growing crop, so it is important to pay attention to mechanical or chemical weed control. When harvesting maize for silage, the whole plant can be harvested or the split harvesting technique of CCM and LKS can be used. The hybrids WELAS, PERSEUS and AKANTO were evaluated. WELAS is a double line (Sc), early hyb-rid (FAO 240) and PERSEUS is a triple line (Tc), early hybrid (FAO 250). The PERSEUS hybrid was able to give a higher yield than WELAS in the plots evalu-ated. The hybrid used, agrotechnique and soil moisture availability had the greatest effect on yield.
Pěstování a odrůdový sortiment papriky roční
Suvorova, Mariya
Suvorova, M., Cultivation and variety of annual peppers. Bachelor thesis. Brno: Mendel University in Brno, 2021. The bachelor's thesis deals with the cultivation of a selected assortment of annual pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). The aim of the thesis is to describe the growing technology and agricultural technology, including protection against diseases and pests and to determine the growth and yield indicators for a selected range of annual peppers. The first part of the thesis is focused on the elaboration of a literature review related to the origin of the species, botanical characteristics, habitat requirements, cultivation technology and assortment of varieties. The second part contains a description of an experimental experiment in the cultivation of peppers with subsequent measurement and evaluation of yield indicators. The results obtained during the experiment were tabulated and explained. The final part of the thesis is devoted to the discussion of the results and comparison with the results from previous years.
The analysis of growing system of fodder crops for fodder and energetical biomasss production in selected farm
FUČÍK, Karel
The bachelor thesis deals with selected agricultural crops for fodder and energy-energy purposes on the selected farm. The thesis deals with the evaluation of yields and analysis of forage cropping systems on arable land, where the main crop is maize (Zea mays), and also focuses on permanent grassland. The arable land was grassed with a permanent clover-grass mixture consisting of 7 grass species and 1 clover spe-cies. The main aim of my chosen bachelor thesis was to evaluate the development and harvesting of forage stands on both arable land and stands belonging to the TTP, then to evaluate their yield and also to focus on the assessment of plant composition. The plot where the restoration and sowing with clover-grass mixtures took place was also monitored. The chapter evaluating the results of the permanent grassland (TTP) includes an as-sessment of the three selected plots where the distribution of individual clover and grasses was monitored. At the same time, the thesis also focuses on the evaluation of the arable land treatment and the condition of the stands where maize (Zea mays) is grown for feed and energy purposes. The main indicators monitored are soil prepara-tion, sowing style, nutrition and, last but not least, harvesting with yield.
Postup při zakládání a metodika ošetřování vinohradu
Shromáždil, Filip
This thesis examines more effective methods of establishing new vineyards and maintai-ning them during thein first few years. It also investigates the agrotechnical processes involved in preparing land, planting and cultivating growth and aims to determine the most desirable vine canopy shape. A newly-planted vineyard in the village of Dolní Dunajovice was the subjekt of this study. The vineyard is 1,48 ha in size and has three grape varieties planted on it: 2250 'Chardonnay' (rootstock K5 BB), 2300 'Pálava' (SO4) and 2350 'Hibernal' vines (K5 BB). Detailed land preparation and planting methods were observed, as well as a wide range of maintenance procedures. These included pruning, training, protection and inter-row planting. The final component considered was trellis construction, which ensures the stability of each vine.
Kukuřice jako agrokomodita
Buba, Lukáš
The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to develop a review of literature on the cultivation of maize. The first part is devoted to the history and the present of maize cultivation in the Czech Republic. Further on, maize is described in terms of its biology and breeding. The paper in detail deals with the requirements of maize on the cultivation environment. Varieties of maize are characterized by the sum of effective temperatures and the FAO number. The cultivation technology deals with the inclusion of maize in the crop rotation, tillage, nutrition and fertilization, care during vegetation and the harvest of maize for silage and maize for grain. The second part of the thesis describes the condition of maize cultivation in the company Netis a.s., Návsí. Yields of maize cultivation from the years 2014, 2015 and 2016 were acquired from both farms of the company, which were processed and subsequently evaluated.

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