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Determination of in situ stress state at Bukov Bukov URF II - search of the stress state measurement methods and study of their use in the process of construction and operation of a deep geological repository.
Vavro, Martin ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Staš, Lubomír ; Koníček, Petr ; Jiránková, Eva ; Schuchová, Kristýna ; Kukutsch, Radovan ; Kajzar, Vlastimil
The presented search summarizes main measurement methods and their corresponding technical instrumentation, which were used in the past to determine the stress state of the rock\nmass, both in the conditions of Bukov URF I or the Rožná mine respectively, and especially in the environment of selected foreign underground research laboratories. The key results obtained during these stress measurements are also compiled. The findings are then reflected in the proposed method of rock mass stress measurement and monitoring in various stages of the process of preparing and operating a deep geological repository (DGR) in the Czech Republic. From the conducted search of the crucial published studies and the results of in situ experiments, it follows that the most commonly used methods of stress measurement worldwide are mainly hydraulic fracturing of borehole walls (hydrofracturing) and the overcoring method. These two methods were also proposed as the most suitable for the stage of selecting the final site of the DGR in the Czech Republic. In the phase of construction the DGR, it was recommended to extend them by the method of inverse analysis of convergence measurements. For the purposes of measuring stress changes during the construction and operation of the DGR, monitoring using conical tensometric CCBM probes was recommended as the most suitable.
Geological and geotechnical characterisation of the mining environment - URF Bukov II - Interim report III
Soejono, I. ; Bukovská, Z. ; Rukavičková, L. ; Švagera, O. ; Chabr, T. ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Morávek, R. ; Levý, O. ; Sosna, K. ; Kryl, J. ; Řihošek, J. ; Zelinková, T. ; Dobeš, P. ; Hanák, J. ; Čermák, F. ; Kašpar, R. ; Mareček, L. ; Nedvěd, J. ; Vavro, Leona ; Myška, O. ; Janeček, Ivan
This report describes the work carried out in the third year of the public contract Geological and geotechnical characterisation of the rock environment – the Bukov URF II. The characterisation and descriptive works are directly related to the excavation of the premises for the future underground laboratory. These include in particular: geological and geotechnical documentation of the faces and walls of the workings, petrographic, mineralogical and structural geological documentation, hydrogeological characterisation of the environment, as well as determination of the physical and mechanical properties of the rock-mass in situ and in the laboratory, geophysical characterisation and monitoring of the seismic effects of blasting. The report also includes the newly developed rock mass\nclassification system and the results of its testing on the Bukov URF II site. The report includes also brief overview of the work planned for the following year of the project.
Geological and geotechnical characterisation of the mining environment - URF Bukov II - Interim report II
Bukovská, Z. ; Rukavičková, L. ; Chabr, T. ; Morávek, R. ; Levý, O. ; Sosna, K. ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Zelinková, T. ; Dobeš, P. ; Švagera, O. ; Kryl, J. ; Soejono, I. ; Řihošek, J. ; Holeček, J. ; Hanák, J. ; Čermák, F. ; Kašpar, R. ; Mareček, L. ; Nedvěd, J. ; Vavro, Leona ; Waclawik, Petr ; Staš, Lubomír ; Myška, O.
This report describes the work carried out in the second year of the public contract Geological and geotechnical characterisation of the rock environment – PVP Bukov II. The\ncharacterisation and descriptive works are directly related to the excavation of the premises for the future underground laboratory. These include in particular: geological and geotechnical documentation of the faces and walls of the workings, petrographic, mineralogical and structural geological documentation, hydrogeological characterisation of the environment, as well as determination of the physical and mechanical properties of the rock mass in situ and in the laboratory, geophysical characterisation and monitoring of the seismic effects of blasting and hydrogeological monitoring. An important part of this report is preparation of the classification system used to describe the rock mass. The report also includes a brief overview of the work planned for the third year of the project.
Research of geotechnical methods – Stage research report – Stage C
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Kukutsch, Radovan ; Schuchová, Kristýna ; Gong, Libin ; Kubina, Lukáš ; Zajícová, Vendula ; Nohejl, Zdeněk ; Rutar, Tomáš
The main goal of project No. FV20294 (GEOSTAB) was the verification of measured geophysical quantities with data obtained by various geotechnical methods. For this reason, stage C - Research of geotechnical methods was solved in parallel and in close cooperation with stage B - Research of geophysical methods. The geotechnical experiments in situ were carried out in the same localities where geophysical methods were applied. For this purpose, several underground mining workings located in different lithological and geomechanical conditions were selected. Experimental gallery Josef was selected in volcanic rocks, the metamorphic rock mass was represented by underground workings of the former deep uranium mine Rožná and the sedimentary environment was examined in the old slate mine Modrá štola. The stage research report summarizes the results of geotechnical, laboratory and numerical methods from all the mentioned localities.
Evaluation of rock mass quality by alternative methods - comparison of various lithological conditions (metamorphic/volcanic/sedimentary)
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Schuchová, Kristýna ; Kukutsch, Radovan ; Kubina, Lukáš
One of the aims of the project was the verification of the measured geophysical quantities with data obtained by various geotechnical methods. For this purpose, several underground mining workings located in different lithological condition were selected. The Experimental gallery Josef was selected in volcanic rocks, the metamorphic rock massif was represented by the mining workings of the Rožná Mine and the sedimentary environment was investigated in the old slate mine Modrá štola. Geotechnical methods using drilling and alternative methods without intervention to the rock mass were used for the qualitative description of the rock mass. Structural mapping of the mining workings walls and reflectivity by the Schmidt hammer were used to quantify the structural failure of the rock mass.
Characterization of the Excavation Damage Zone (EDZ) in different geotechnical conditions
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Zajícová, Vendula
In order to realize a comparative study of the Excavation Damage Zone (EDZ), two lithological and geotechnical different localities were selected. The first locality is located in the metamorphic rocks of the Rožná Mine. The second locality is located in the volcanic-sedimentary series of the Experimental gallery Josef. In order to evaluate the range of the EDZ, a combination of geotechnical and laboratory methods was used at the mentioned localities. The geotechnical method included the qualitative evaluation of the rock mass using the RQD index on the borehole core. The RQD index and failures of borehole walls were also determined based on OBI and ABI methods. In the laboratories, the pore space was characterized using X-ray computer micro-tomography (X-ray) and high-pressure porosimetry (MIP). The research report summarizes the results of these methods.
Determination of rock mass failure using acoustic and optical television - volcanic rocks, Experimental gallery Josef
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Kubina, Lukáš ; Rutar, Tomáš
In order to evaluate the geological structures on the boreholes walls, using optical and acoustic logging methods (OBI and ABI) the boreholes were logged at the Experimental gallery Josef. Optical and acoustic recording was performed in the down borehole (JT1) using an optical (OPTV - Optical TeleViewer) and acoustic (HiRAT - High Resolution Acoustic Televiewer) televisions. Due to the inclination of the horizontal borehole (JTGeo01) -10°, oriented records by both methods (OBI and ABI) were made too. The measured oriented records by OBI and ABI methods were processed and evaluated in WellCAD software for logging data processing. Based on the evaluated structural data, a structural cross-section was constructed, which was the background material for correlation with geophysical data.
Geotechnical evaluation of exploration borehole No. JTGeo01, Experimental gallery Josef
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin
In order to carry out the third cycle application of geotechnical methods, the experimental gallery Josef was selected. Due to the conditions and the existing infrastructure, the roadway No. SCHZ-JP9 was selected. Mentioned roadway is situated in a volcanic-sedimentary series formed by tuffite rocks, which will enable mutual comparison of the rock mass failure formed by different types of rocks at individual selected localities. For the purposes of the application of geotechnical methods, the exploratory core borehole No. JTGeo01 with a diameter of 76 mm was drilled. The presented research report summarizes the geotechnical evaluation of the rock mass on the basis evaluation the mentioned borehole.
Determination of rock mass failure using acoustic and optical television - metamorphic rocks, Rožná Mine
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin ; Kukutsch, Radovan ; Rutar, Tomáš ; Nohejl, Zdeněk
In order to evaluate the geological structures on the core boreholes walls, using optical and acoustic logging methods (OBI and ABI) the boreholes were logged at the Rožná Mine. Oriented recording of the walls was performed using optical television (OPTV - Optical TeleViewer) in the horizontal borehole (VRT-H). The optical recording was supplemented by the acoustic television record (HiRAT - High Resolution Acoustic Televiewer) in the down borehole (VRT-U). The measured oriented records by OBI and ABI methods were processed and evaluated in WellCAD software for logging data processing. Based on the evaluated structural data, a structural cross-section was constructed, which was the background material for correlation with geophysical data.
Determination of physical-mechanical properties of rock for the purpose of rock mass stress calculation based on CCBO probes measurements
Staš, Lubomír ; Waclawik, Petr ; Souček, Kamil ; Vavro, Martin
To measure the primary stress of the rock mass, the overcoring method was used using a compact conical probe CCBO. A total of four stress measurements were performed in a metamorphic rock mass formed by biotite gneiss, in a horizontal borehole marked VRT-H. For the purposes of calculating the size of the main rock mass stress components, it is necessary to know the basic physico-mechanical properties of the rock mass at the measurement site. For this reason, test specimens were prepared from the drill core, which were subsequently tested on the ZWICK 1494 mechanical press. The research report describes the samples, methodological procedures and results of physico-mechanical properties.

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