Národní úložiště šedé literatury Nalezeno 10 záznamů.  Hledání trvalo 0.01 vteřin. 
Polsterová, S. ; Všianská, Monika ; Friák, Martin ; Pizúrová, Naděžda ; Sokovnin, S. ; Šob, Mojmír
Motivated by our experimental research related to silver nanoparticles with various morphologies, we have employed quantum-mechanical calculations to provide our experiments with theoretical insight. We have computed properties of a 181-atom decahedral silver nanoparticle and two types of internal extended defects, -5(210) grain boundaries (GBs) and quadruple junctions (QJs) of these GBs. We have employed a supercell approach with periodic boundary conditions. Regarding the thermodynamic stability of the decahedral nanoparticle, its energy is higher than that of a defect-free face-centered cubic (fcc) Ag by 0.34 eV/atom. As far as the -5(210) GB is concerned, its energy amounts to 0.7 J/m2 and we predict that the studied GBs would locally expand the volume of the lattice. Importantly, the system with GBs is found rather close to the limit of mechanical stability. In particular, the computed value of the shear-related elastic constant C66 is as low as 9.4 GPa with the zero/negative value representing a mechanically unstable system. We thus predict that the -5(210) GBs may be prone to failure due to specific shearing deformation modes. The studied GBs have also the value of Poisson’s ratio for some loading directions close to zero. Next, we compare our results related solely to -5(210) GBs with those of a system where multiple intersecting -5(210) GBs form a network of quadruple junctions. The value of the critical elastic constant C66 is higher in this case, 13 GPa, and the mechanical stability is, therefore, better in the system with QJs.
Quantum-mechanical study of magnetic properties of superalloy nanocomposite phase Fe2AlTi
Slávik, Anton ; Miháliková, Ivana ; Friák, Martin ; Všianská, Monika ; Šob, Mojmír
The L21-structure Fe2AlTi intermetallic compound is one of the two phases identified in Fe-Al-Ti superalloy nanocomposites. Experimental data related to low-temperature magnetic properties of this Heusler compound indicate that magnetic moment is about 0.1 Bohr magneton per formula unit. In contrast, previous quantum-mechanical calculations predicted Fe2AlTi to have much higher magnetic moment, 0.9 Bohr magneton per formula unit. In order to solve this discrepancy between the theory and experiment we have performed a series of quantum-mechanical fix-spin-moment calculations and compared our results with those for non-magnetic state. It turns out that the total energy of the non-magnetic state is only by 10.73 meV/atom higher than that of the magnetic state. When applying Boltzmann statistics to this very small energy difference we predict that the non-magnetic state appears at non-zero temperatures with significant probabilities (for instance, 22.36 % at T = 100 K) and reduces the overall magnetic moment. As another mechanism lowering the magnetization we studied selected shape deformations, in particular trigonal shearing. Fe2AlTi exhibits a compression-tension asymmetry with respect to these strains and, for example, the strain 0.08 destabilizes the spin-polarized state, leaving the non-magnetic state as the only stable one.
First-principles study of interface energies in Fe-Al-based superalloy nanocomposites
Miháliková, Ivana ; Slávik, Anton ; Friák, Martin ; Všianská, Monika ; Koutná, N. ; Holec, David ; Šob, Mojmír
Fe-Al-based nanocomposites with a superalloy-type of microstructure constitute a very promising class of materials. They possess a great potential as an alternative to the currently used steel grades in high temperature applications. Intermetallics-containing nanocomposites, such as those with the Fe3Al compound being one of the phases, may open a way towards future automotive and energy-conversion technologies with lower fuel consumption and reduced environmental impact. We employ quantum-mechanical calculations to analyze relations between ordering tendencies of Al atoms in the disordered Fe-18.75at.%Al phase on one hand and thermodynamic, structural and magnetic properties of Fe-Al-based nanocomposites on the other. When comparing supercells modeling disordered Fe-Al phase with different atomic distribution of atoms we find out that the supercell without 1st and 2nd nearest neighbor Al-Al pairs has a lower energy than that mimicking a perfect disorder (a special quasi-random structure, SQS). Further, coherent interfaces with (001), (110) and (1-10) crystallographic orientations between Fe3Al compound and SQS Fe-Al phase have higher energies than those exhibiting atomic distribution without 1st and 2nd nearest neighbor Al-Al pairs.
Quantum-mechanical study of tensorial elastic and high-temperature thermodynamic properties of grain boundary states in superalloy-phase Ni3Al
Friák, Martin ; Všianská, Monika ; Holec, D. ; Šob, Mojmír
Grain boundaries (GBs), the most important defects in solids and their properties are crucial for many materials properties including (in-)stability. Quantum-mechanical methods can reliably compute properties of GBs and we use them to analyze (tensorial) anisotropic elastic properties of interface states associated with GBs in one of the most important intermetallic compounds for industrial applications, Ni3Al. Selecting the Sigma 5(210) GBs as a case study because of its significant extra volume, we address the mechanical stability of the GB interface states by checking elasticity-based Born stability criteria. One critically important elastic constant, C 55, is found nearly three times smaller at the GB compared with the bulk, contributing thus to the reduction of the mechanical stability of Ni3Al polycrystals. Next, comparing properties of Sigma 5(210) GB state which is fully relaxed with those of a Sigma 5(210) GB state when the supercell dimensions are kept equal to those in the bulk we conclude that lateral relaxations have only marginal impact on the studied properties. Having the complete elastic tensor of Sigma 5(210) GB states we combine Green's-function based homogenization techniques and an approximative approach to the Debye model to compare thermodynamic properties of a perfect Ni3Al bulk and the Sigma 5(210) GB states. In particular, significant reduction of the melting temperature (to 79-81% of the bulk value) is predicted for nanometer-size grains.
Všianská, Monika ; Šob, Mojmír
The embrittling/strengthening effects of segregated sp-elements in the 3rd 4th and 5th period (Al, Si, P, S, Ga, Ge, As, Se, In, Sn, Sb and Te) at the Sigma 5(210) grain boundary (GB) in fcc nickel have been investigated using density functional theory. We predict Si as a GB cohesion enhancer, Al and P have none or minimal strengthening effect and S, Ga, As, Se, In, Sn, Sb and Te are GB embrittlers in Ni. We also analyze the segregation enthalpy of all impurities. It turns out that AI, Ga, In, Sn, Sb and Te are substitutional and Si, P, S, Ge, As and Se interstitial impurities at the GB in Ni.
Studium vlivu segregovaných nečistot na magnetismus hranic zrn a povrchů v FCC niklu a kobaltu
Všianská, Monika ; Vémolová, H. ; Šob, Mojmír
Na základě výpočtů elektronové struktury z prvních principů studujeme vliv segregovaných sp nečistot (Al, Si, P, S, Ga, Ge, As, Se, In, Sn, Sb a Te) na hranici zrn (GB) 5(210) a na volném povrchu (FS) (210) fcc niklu a kobaltu. Provádíme přitom úplnou relaxaci atomové konfigurace GB a FS bez nečistot i se substitučně a intersticiálně vloženými nečistotami. Analyzujeme vliv studovaných nemagnetických nečistot na rozložení magnetického momentu, geometrické uspořádání atomů v okolí GB a FS a hustoty elektronových stavů. Vysvětlujeme také, proč při segregaci studovaných nečistot mohou být magneticky mrtvé vrstvy přítomny v niklu, ale nikoliv v kobaltu.
Vliv segregovaných nemagnetických sp-nečistot na vlastnosti hranic zrn a povrchů v niklu
Všianská, Monika ; Šob, Mojmír
V práci jsme studovali segregaci 12 nemagnetických sp-nečistot (Al, Si, P, S, Ga, Ge, As, Se, In, Sn, Sb and Te) na hranici zrn Sigma5(210) a na povrchu (210) ve feromagnetickém niklu a analyzujeme jejich vliv na strukturu a magnetické a mechanické vlastnosti. Určili jsme preferenční místa segregace atomů nečistot a vypočetli jsme jejich segregační entalpie a zkřehčovací energie včetně rozkladu na mechanickou a chemickou komponentu. Ukázali jsme, že magneticky mrtvé vrstvy na hranicích zrn a površích se segregovanými nečistotami jsou způsobené silnou hybridizací sp-stavů nečistot a d-stavů niklu.
Structure and magnetism of clean and impurity-decorated grain boundaries in nickel from first principles
Všianská, Monika ; Šob, Mojmír
We present a detailed theoretical study of segregation of sp-elements from the 3rd-5th period (Al, Si, P, S, Ga, Ge, As, Se, In, Sn, Sb and Te) at the Sigma5(210) grain boundary (GB) in fcc FM Ni. Whereas there is a slight enhancement of magnetization at the clean GB and FS with respect to bulk nickel (3–7% and 24%, respectively), the studied impurities entirely kill or strongly reduce ferromagnetism at the GB so that magnetically dead layers are formed. We determine the preferred segregation sites at the GB for the impurities studied, their segregation enthalpies and strengthening/embrittling energies. We find interstitially segregated Si and P and substitutionally segregated Al as a GB cohesion enhancer, and interstitially segregated S, Ge, As, Se and substitutionally segregated Ga, In, Sn, Sb and Te as GB embrittlers in Ni. As there is very little experimental information on GB segregation in nickel most of the present results are theoretical predictions which may motivate future experimental work.
Elektronová struktura slitin india a cínu
Všianská, Monika ; Legut, Dominik ; Šob, Mojmír
Na základě výpočtů elektronové struktury z prvních principů je studována elektronová struktura a totální energie gamma-cínu.
Elektronová struktura slitin india a cínu
Všianská, Monika ; Legut, Dominik ; Šob, Mojmír
Systém InSn je zajímavý tím, že v koncentrační oblasti od 72 do 87 at% Sn při 25 °C and od 73 do 85 at% Sn při -150 °C vykazuje prostou hexagonální strukturu. Tyto slitiny se obvykle nazývají gama-cín. Slitiny InSn jsou neuspořádané v celém koncentračním intervalu. V tomto příspěvku studujeme chování totální energie a elektronovou strukturu systému InSn z prvních principů. K popisu neuspořádanosti používáme zjednodušenou verzi aproximace virtuálního krystalu. Ukazuje se, že tento přístup postihuje některé aspekty fázového složení systému InSn, zejména předpovídá existenci prosté hexagonální struktury v oblasti kolem 80 at% Sn.

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