National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Rate of investigation users of drugs
VÁVROVÁ, Marie
This diploma thesis is focused on testing drug users. Specifically, this thesis is concerned with testing drug users in low-threshold centres.These low-threshold centres for drug users operate in the area of secondary and tertiary prevention. Furthermore, it describes individual diseases such as HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis, their mode of transmission, clinical course, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention, drug policy of the Czech Republic, the conditions for testing the abovementioned diseases in low-threshold centres and the legal framework for testing at these facilities.The practical part is divided into several research studies.The qualitative research is aimed at low-threshold centres. In this part, I am trying to determine the number of HIV, HBV and HCV tests performed in 2014. Next, the purpose of this section is also to define where the testing takes place and who is tested. The research data were obtained using a questionnaire distributed to the low-threshold centres in the CR. According to the Annual Report on Drug Epidemiology from 2014, there are 76 low-threshold centres in the Czech Rep. A total of 32 questionnaires were collected. The questionnaire consisted of 32 questions. Close-ended questions were used to detect the type of facility, whether the facility carries out tests for the chosen types of diseases, what type of test is used, who performs the testing and where the testing is carried out. Open-ended questions were used to determine the number of people tested. The qualitative research consists of 18 interviews with drug users from the Contact Centre Český Krumlov. Thanks to its field program, this centre operates in Český Krumlov, Větřní, Kaplice, Horní Planá, Loučovice, Frymburk, Vyšší Brod and in border regions such as Horní and Dolní Dvořiště or Studánky where the drug abuse is very problematic. The data were collected using a semistructured anonymous interview. The interview consisted of 4 areas:Data for identification purposes. Drug history.Testing.Awareness.30 questionnaires received from the respondents at the Prevent Contact Centre in České Budějovice can be found in the Appendix. The data were collected using an anonymous questionnaire which consisted of three basic areas. The collected data included drug history and identification information, information about testing for infectious diseases and knowledge of health risks. The thesis states 6 goals. The first 3 goals deal with mapping of HBV, HCV and HIV testing among drug users at low-threshold centres in 2014. The purpose of the fourth goal is to determine how the testing is carried out in low-threshold centres. The fifth goal attempts to establish whether drug users are interested in HBV, HCV and HIV testing. Finally, the sixth goal determines whether drug users were tested in 2014.After processing the results I established the following hypotheses which resulted from the research.H1: Drug users are interested in their health.H2:Drug users are aware of risks that result from these diseases.H3: The possibility of testing at low-threshold centres is not chosen very often by drug users.The research showed that drug users have adequate information about the risks that are associated with drug injection and injecting equipment sharing, but the average amount of performed tests is relatively low.To sum up, drug users need to be constantly informed about the importance of regular testing. In order to increase the number of tested people, it would be advisable to adapt the testing to the users' needs and also to perform more tests within field programs. It would also be helpful to link health facilities to contact centres locally.
The issues of vaccination against influenza in the elderly
VÁVROVÁ, Marie
This bachelor thesis deals with influenza vaccination for the elderly, their awareness of the flu, its severity, complications and risks. Influenza is among the most frequent infection in the Czech Republic. Many people confuse the common cold and upper respiratory tract infections, which usually have mild symptoms, with flu, which can cause very serious, even fatal complications. Risk groups include mainly people above 65 years old and it is this group of people my thesis and research concentrate on. The thesis is devided into two parts, theoretical and practical respectfully. The theoretical part consists primarily with familiarisation with major flu pandemics and continues with chapters that deal with essential characteristics of the influenza virus, a description of the flu and flu complications in the elderly. I concern myself in the research part with finding out how much older persons know about the disease, if it is perceived as a serious illness or not, if they are aware of the risks and complications the disease can cause them at their age. The paper sets out three objectives. My first goal is to find out how much the seniors are informed about the severity of influenza disease, next goal is to map vaccination rates of the elderly against influenza in the Český Krumlov region and the third objective is to determine whether there are differences in immunization rates between homes for the elderly and elderly people living independently. Quantitative research method using an anonymous questionnaire was used to obtain the data. 100 questionnaires completed by respondents above the age of 50 from the Český Krumlov region were used for processing. I predicted two hypotheses in the context of the objectives of my thesis which were subsequently disproved. My first hypothesis was: Most seniors considered the influenza disease as serious. I was not able to confirm this hypothesis. Only about a half of the respondents consider influenza as serious. This ratio is not dependent on age, place of residence or level of educational, however significantly depends on gender. The ratio of men who consider influenza as a serious illness is significantly lower when compared with women. Second hypothesis: the vaccination coverage in homes for the elderly is higher than among elderly people living independently. I was unable to confirm this hypothesis either. Information about the vaccine and its cost mostly come from the attending physician, the press and media. Mapping immunization coverage showed that only 23 of 100 respondents (23%) were vaccinated against influenza. The proposed objectives based on the obtained data have been met. The bachelor thesis may serve specialists as a source of information in the future. The concluded data and information can be mediated to the elderly either by general practicioners or in nursing homes. The results and information about the severity of influenza illness covered in this thesis can also serve as a source of information about this issue to the general public.
Firemní kultura švédské společnosti v České republice
Melková, Monika ; Müllerová, Františka (advisor) ; Vávrová, Marie (referee)
The object of this bachelor thesis is analyse corporate culture of Swedish company LYCKEBY CULINAR a. s. The first chapter is focused on culture and corporate culture in general. The second chapter describes Sweden, its characteristics, history, economy and culture and business customs. The third chapter is based on corporate culture of LYCKEBY CULINAR a. s. and analyses its image, employees, communication, values and vision.
THE CONCEPTION OF ADULTS EDUCATION - COMPANY STAFF
VÁVROVÁ, Marie
In the theoretical part I attend first of all to the specifics of adult traning and education, the questions of traditions in business education in the Czech Republic, subsequently I describe contemporary trends in the employees´adjustment for education, and I compare the system of adult education in the Czech Republic and some European countries within EU. With more words I mention the final part of the business educational process - the evaluation of educational results. In the practical part I record the completion of the research focused on the portfolio survey of educational institutions and companies in the SOuth-bohemian region. In the research I analyze the areas and topics of offered education, the presentation and the way of the promotion of these companies. The goal of my bachelor work is to point the positives and the difficulties of personnel managers´and educational referents´work, to look in their work, to describe, how the demanding educational process in companies proceeds, the variety of the educational process, and to refer to the lifelong education necessity.

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8 Vavrová, Michaela
5 VÁVROVÁ, Martina
8 VÁVROVÁ, Michaela
1 VÁVROVÁ, Michala
5 Vávrová, Markéta
5 Vávrová, Martina
8 Vávrová, Michaela
1 Vávrová, Milena
2 Vávrová, Miriam
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