National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The impact of human capital and population age structure on economic growth
Topinka, Michal ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Paulus, Michal (referee)
The demographic transition led to an added productivity commonly referred to as the demographic divided, which resulted in high rates of economic growth in most of the world. The general consensus is that the increased pace of economic growth was attained largely thanks to changes in population age structure. However, the literature contains evidence that the population structure does not have a significant impact on economic growth and that improvements in education attainment have in fact been responsible for the high rates of economic growth. These claims are in contradiction with most of the literature and can have important implications for future research and policy making. Since these claims have not been, to the best of our knowledge, verified, this thesis aims to replicate the original research using newer and more suitable data for a higher number of countries. In addition to the original research, analysis is also performed on various subsamples based on governance and cultural indicators. The level and the change in education attainment did not appear statistically significant in most of the regressions, so the claims could not be proved or disproved. However, important insights about the role of not only population structure and labor force participation in explaining economic growth were...
Millennium Development Goal on Education: An empirical analysis of the determinants of primary school enrolment
Topinka, Michal ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Břízová, Pavla (referee)
This bachelor thesis examines the relationship between country-level development indicators and the major indicator of the second Millennium Development Goal on education, the net enrolment ratio in primary education, using econometric analysis of panel data. Given that majority of studies analyzing the determinants of primary school enrolment use data from household surveys containing information about individuals, the study presented in this bachelor thesis investigates, whether variation in primary school net enrolment ratios can be explained using aggregate country-level data on adjusted net enrolment ratios and factors measuring development of particular economies. This study uses data on 192 countries for the period 1999-2012. The findings suggest that data on development are definitely useful in analyzing the determinants of school enrolment, but more detailed data containing information about individuals are needed to assess the causes of different levels of enrolment in individual countries in order to design policies to achieve universal primary education. Keywords Millennium Development Goals, MDGs, Education, Net enrolment ratio in primary educa- tion.

See also: similar author names
1 Topinka, Martin
1 Topinka, Miloslav
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