National Repository of Grey Literature 16 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Calibration of acoustic emission sensors
Kolář, Petr ; Petružálek, Matěj
Measurement of acoustic emission (AE) during laboratory experiments – rock sample loading - is an important tool for study of material mechanical properties as well as understanding of modes of its failure. For correct data processing it is necessary to calibrate used AE sensors. The calibration constants can depend on property of individual sensors, on their contact conditions, etc. As there can be a deformation induced charge in sensor contact condition, the calibration constants may vary with time. AE sources can be modeled (in the same way as natural earthquakes) as double couple sources with use of moment tensor (MT) formalism (3x3 symmetric tensor, i.e. 6 independent values, the problem is linear). We adopted method, which enable calibration of an individual station of a seismic network. The method is based on simultaneous determination of MTs and calibration constant(s). During the experiment there were repeatedly measured velocities of elastic waves by ultrasonic sounding, when AE sensors cyclically acted as sources. We processed this data and for each cycle determined calibration constant for all the sensors but one, which is supposed to be 1. The source is supposed to be of single force type, which further reduces number of determined parameters. The evaluation was performed cyclically for all the sensors, the final calibration constants are then the mean values.
Characterization of migmatite fracturing using ultrasonic methods
Petružálek, Matěj ; Vilhelm, Jan (advisor) ; Vavryčuk, Václav (referee) ; Koktavý, Pavel (referee)
Submitted PHD thesis is focused on fracturing process of migmatite, which is a low porosity anisotropic rock. Migmatite, from a locality Skalka, was chosen as a suitable experimental material, namely due to its macroscopically visible, plane-parallel structure (foliation). The fracturing was studied by means of uniaxial loading experiments on cylindrical samples with different dip of migmatite foliation: 13ř (subhorizontal), 81ř (subvertical) and oblique (47ř and 67ř). The net of eight piezoceramic transducers was employed for ultrasonic sounding (US) measurement and acoustic emission (AE) monitoring during the loading experiments. Realized study of migmatite fracturing is based on the interpretation of both mentioned ultrasonic methods. Part of this work was a software development, including its testing for processing and interpretation of measured AE and US data. Methodical part of the thesis consists of: development and testing of algorithms for automatic P wave arrival detection; introduction of anisotropic velocity model to describe magnitude and orientation of velocity anisotropy, as well as to localize AE events in anisotropic velocity field; determination of crack initiation stress using first arrival amplitude of US. Based on the interpretation of AE and US data, there was found a...

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1 Petružálek, Martin
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