National Repository of Grey Literature 14 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Differences in Oxidation Mechanism of Selected Bioflavonoids, UV-Vis and IR Spectroelectrochemical Study
Sokolová, Romana ; Fiedler, Jan ; Ramešová, Šárka ; Kocábová, Jana ; Degano, I. ; Quinto, A. ; Křen, Vladimír
The oxidation of selected bioflavonoids (quercetin, rhamnazin, fisetin, rhamnetin, taxifolin, luteolin, silybin and 2,3-dehydrosilybin) was studied by electrochemical and spectroscopic methods. The oxidation mechanism and formation of oxidation products depends on the chemical structure. Only small differences in the chemical structure of compounds with flavone, flavanone and flavonol motif result in extremely variable oxidation pathways and products. Products of oxidation and further decomposition were determined by HPLC-ESIMS/MS and HPLC-DAD.
Determination of Roughness Factor and Fractal Dimension of Zirconium in its Native and Surface Modified State using Atomic Force Microscopy. Effect of the Hydrogen\nEvolution Reaction on the Surface Structure
Novák, M. ; Kocábová, Jana ; Kolivoška, Viliam ; Pospíšil, Lubomír ; Macák, J. ; Cichoň, Stanislav ; Cháb, Vladimír ; Hromadová, Magdaléna
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to characterize surface morphology of pristine zirconium, Si modified and FeSi modified zirconium electrodes prior and after hydrogen evolution at potentials negative of the open circuit potential value. Two main characteristic parameters were obtained from the ex situ AFM height images, namely, the roughness factor and fractal dimension of the studied surface. The effect of hydrogen evolution reaction on the electrode surface morphology was discussed. Fractal dimension values were used successfully to explain the non ideality of the interfacial capacitance.
Effect of pH on the Oxide Film Formation on a Pristine Zr Electrode
Hromadová, Magdaléna ; Kocábová, Jana ; Kolivoška, Viliam ; Pospíšil, Lubomír
Effect of pH on the oxidation of zirconium metal was studied by cyclic voltammetry in\naqueous borate buffer solutions as a function of the potential scan rate and pH from 4.80 to\n9.17. The results show that the oxide growth kinetics depends on pH of the electrolyte\nsolution and the total amount of irreversibly formed oxide under the potentiodynamic\nconditions decreases with decreasing buffer pH in accord with thermodynamic considerations.\nCathodic current corresponding to hydrogen evolution reaction diminishes in the presence of\nanodically modified electrode compared to bare zirconium.
Supported Phospholipid Bilayer at the Conductive Interface
Sokolová, Romana ; Kocábová, Jana ; Kolivoška, Viliam ; Gál, M.
The interactions of ethanol and flavonoid compounds with supported phospholipid bilayer\nwere studied by means of electrochemical methods and scanning probe techniques. The\nstability of a 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) phospholipid bilayer\nsupported on different types of conductive substrate was investigated. The relationship\nbetween the method of lipid deposition and the formation of several types of lipid structures\nincluding vesicles, hemimicelles, patches and single bilayers on the interface is discussed.
Oxidation of Bioflavonoids in Respect to their Chemical Structure
Sokolová, Romana ; Ramešová, Šárka ; Kocábová, Jana ; Degano, I.
The electrochemical oxidation of flavone luteolin, flavanone taxifolin and flavonols derived from quercetin was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Only small differences in the chemical structure of bioflavonoids resulted in extremely variable oxidation pathways and products. Products of oxidation and further decomposition were determined by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS and HPLC-DAD.
Comparison of Techniques for Single-Molecule Conductance Measurements of Expanded Pyridinium Molecules
Lachmanová, Štěpánka ; Hromadová, Magdaléna ; Sokolová, Romana ; Kocábová, Jana ; Gasior, Jindřich ; Mészáros, G. ; Lainé, P. P.
This work is focused on the comparison of two techniques of single-molecule conductance measurements: Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Break Junction technique and Mechanically Controlled Break Junction technique. The structure of studied compound 9-(pyridin-4-yl)benzo[c]benzo[1,2]quinolizino[3,4,5,6-ija][1,6]naphthyridin-15-ium allows the formation of the molecular bridge between two gold electrodes, which are connected to a source of the constant voltage in both of the used methods. The differences, advantages and disadvantages of both of the techniques will be discussed. Both techniques provided two values of conductance of studied compound depending on the experimantal conditions.
Electrochemistry of Flavonolignans in Acetonitrile and Dimethylsulfoxide
Sokolová, Romana ; Kocábová, Jana ; Fiedler, Jan ; Vacek, J. ; Marhol, Petr ; Vavříková, Eva ; Křen, Vladimír
This study is focused on investigation of oxidation pathways of silybin and 2,3-dehydrosilybin in nonaqueous solutions. The oxidation mechanism of both flavonolignans differs and depends strongly on their chemical structure. The cyclic voltammetry, UV/Vis and IR spectroelectrochemistry were used for identification of electrooxidation (semiquinone) intermediates. HPLC with diode array detection was applied for identification of oxidation and degradation products. Molecular orbital calculations supported the experimental findings.
Adsorption of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine on Au(111) and HOPG
Kocábová, Jana ; Sokolová, Romana
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to study the formation of layers of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) on Au(111) and highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) in microscopic level. Both substrates were found to support the DPPC layers. The nanoshaving technique was applied to determine the layer thickness. In addition, the influence of deionized water on the DPPC ordering at the substrates was studied by ex-situ and in-situ AFM intermittent contact mode measurements.
The Adsorption of Phospholipids at the Interface
Sokolová, Romana ; Kocábová, Jana ; Parisová, Martina ; Navrátil, Tomáš ; Gál, Miroslav
The adsorption of phospholipids on different types of substrate was studied. The adsorbate-surface interactions play an important role in the formation of supported phospholipid bilayer. The deposition of phospholipids on atomically flat surfaces as mica, gold(111), highly oriented graphite and rough surface of polycarbonate membrane is compared. The supported phospholipids bilayer covers some small defects (5 – 30 nm deep) present in rough polycarbonate membrane.
Determination of phytohormones in genetically modified Nicotiana plants by differential pulse voltammetry
Kocábová, Jana ; Sokolová, Romana ; Giannarelli, S.
The differential pulse voltammetry was used for the determination of the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in plant samples using a glassy-carbon electrode. The limit of detection of the proposed method is 0,45 microg.ml-1. The electrochemical determination of IAA is selective and the concentration of IAA in sample of genetically modified plant Nicotiana langsdorfii was determined in the presence of other phytohormones as abscisic acid and some cytokinins.

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