National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Determinants of the splice site selection in protein-coding and long non-coding RNAs
Krchňáková, Zuzana ; Staněk, David (advisor) ; Svoboda, Petr (referee) ; Blažek, Dalibor (referee)
In my thesis, I focused on several underexplored areas of RNA splicing regulation. In the first part, I analyzed how chromatin and transcription regulatory elements change pre-mRNA splicing. In the second part, I studied why long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are spliced less efficiently than protein-coding mRNAs. Finally, I was testing the importance of intron for the activating function of lncRNAs. It has been shown that chromatin and promoter identity modulate alternative splicing decisions. Here, I tested whether local chromatin and distant genomic elements that influence transcription can also modulate splicing. Using the chromatin modifying enzymes directly targeted to FOSL1 gene by TALE technology, I showed that changes in histone H3K9 methylation affect constitutive splicing. Furthermore, I provide evidence that deletion of transcription enhancer located several kilobases upstream of an alternative exons changes splicing pattern of the alternative exon. Many nascent lncRNAs undergo the same maturation steps as pre-mRNAs of protein- coding genes (PCGs), but they are often poorly spliced. To identify the underlying mechanisms for this phenomenon, we searched for putative splicing inhibitory sequences. Genome-wide analysis of intergenic lncRNAs (lincRNAs) revealed that, in general, they do not...
The role of RECQ5 helicase in maintanance of genome stability
Urban, Václav ; Janščák, Pavel (advisor) ; Krejčí, Lumír (referee) ; Blažek, Dalibor (referee)
DNA replication is the most vulnerable process of DNA metabolism in proliferating cells and therefore it is tightly controlled and coordinated with processes that maintain genomic stability. Human RecQ helicases are among the most important factors involved in the maintenance of replication fork integrity, especially under conditions of replication stress. Collisions between replication and transcription machineries represent a significant source of genomic instability. RECQ5 DNA helicase binds to RNA-polymerase (RNAP) II during transcription elongation and suppresses transcription-associated genomic instability. Here we show that RECQ5 also associates with RNAPI and enforces the stability of ribosomal DNA arrays in cells exposed to replication stress. We demonstrate that RECQ5 associates with transcription complexes in DNA replication foci and counteracts replication fork stalling in RNAPI- and RNAPII-transcribed genes, suggesting that RECQ5 exerts its genome stabilizing effect by acting at sites of concomitant replication and transcription. Moreover, RECQ5- deficient cells accumulate RAD51 foci that are formed in a BRCA1-dependent manner at sites of interference between replication and transcription and likely represent unresolved replication intermediates. Importantly, BRCA1-dependent formation...
Role of promoter in the regulation of alternative splicing
Kozáková, Eva ; Staněk, David (advisor) ; Půta, František (referee) ; Blažek, Dalibor (referee)
It was shown that 95 % of human multi-exon genes are alternatively spliced and the regulation of alternative splicing is extremely complex. Most pre-mRNA splicing events occur co- transcriptionally and there is increasing body of evidence, that chromatin modifications play an important role in the regulation of alternative splicing. Here we showed that inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) modulates alternative splicing of ~700 genes via induction of histone H4 acetylation and increase of Pol II elongation rate along alternative region. We identified HDAC1 the catalytic activity of which is responsible for changes in alternative splicing. Then, we analyzed whether acetylhistone binding protein Brd2 regulates alternative splicing and showed that Brd2 occupies promoter regions of targeted genes and controls alternative splicing of ~300 genes. Later we showed that knockdown of histone acetyltransferase p300 promotes inclusion of the alternative fibronectin (FN1) EDB exon. p300 associates with CRE sites in the promoter via the CREB transcription factor. We created mini-gene reporters driven by an artificial promoter containing CRE sites. Both deletion and mutation of the CRE site affected EDB alternative splicing in the same manner as the p300 knockdown. Next we showed that p300 controls histone...

See also: similar author names
9 BLAŽEK, David
2 Blažek, Daniel
9 Blažek, David
4 Blažek, Dušan
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