National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Influence of particle size of cosmetic pigments on final properties product
Obručová, Kateřina ; Hurčíková, Andrea (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on the study of the influence of the of size cosmetics pigments on the properties of the final product. This effect was studied on samples of make-up given by industry partner. Make-up samples were measured by the rheology method and the yield stress of all samples was determined. Scanning electron microscopy was used to determine the size and shape of the pigment particles. Particle size was also measured by dynamic light scattering, but the results were influenced by forming aggregates. To easier determination of the types of pigments in the sample was determined elemental composition of the pigments (Ti, Fe, O, Al) by EDS detector. Due to the unknown composition of make-up, the information was supplemented by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis, and it was possible to determine the compounds TiO2 (anatase and rutile), FeOOH and Fe2O3. The results obtained by these methods showed what pigments can be found in make-up samples, what their sizes and shapes are. It has been shown that the smaller the pigments are, the higher the viscosity and yield stress of the final product. The higher these quantities, the harder it is to handle the product.
Study of solid fraction of the atmospheric aerosol of Pilsen by X-ray powder diffraction
Vik, Ondřej ; Havlíček, David (advisor) ; Plocek, Jiří (referee)
In this diploma thesis there was studied a composition of a solid fraction of the atmospheric aerosol of the daily measurements from Pilsen by X-ray powder diffraction by the method of the parallel beam. The phase analysis was accomplished by comparing of the diffraction dates with a database of compounds usually occurring in the solid fraction of the atmospheric aerosol in this area. This database was created from works published earlier. In these samples there were also identified asbestos fibers of actinolite by the scanning electron microscope with EDS module. In this thesis there was also described a transport of several anthropogenic compounds of the atmospheric aerosol in dependence on a meteorological situation. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
High-temperature X-ray Diffractometry of Thin Layers
Valeš, Václav ; Holý, Václav (advisor) ; Jergel, Matej (referee) ; Nižňanský, Daniel (referee)
In this work, the crystallographic structure and its changes under thermal treatment of different systems consisting of metal oxide nanoparticles is studied. The principal method used throughout the thesis is x-ray powder diffraction enriched with grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering when the nanoparticles form an ordered structure or with x-ray absorption spectroscopy when additional information on local crystallographic structure is required. For all the systems the preparation conditions were optimized according to the crystallographic data for further applications.
Quantitative analysis of actinolite in the Pilsen Basin area by X-ray powder diffraction
Chlupáčová, Monika ; Havlíček, David (advisor) ; Nižňanský, Daniel (referee)
Increased concentration of suspended particles of the PM10 fraction, transportation and construction industry have serious impact on health. In Pilsen, the Air Improvement Programme in Pilsen Municipality takes place in accordance with the Pilsen Municipal Development Programme, the Regional Emissions Reduction Programme of the Pilsen Region and the National Emissions Reduction Programme of the Czech Republic. This thesis aims on determining the content of actinolite, azbestos mineral from amphibole group, in the samples from the Pilsen Basin. Altogether 23 samples from Pilsen municipal area were measured using the quantitative analysis method and X-ray powder diffraction. The actinolite content was determined in the samples.
Crystal chemistry of micas from České středohoří
Goll, Jan ; Skála, Roman (advisor) ; Ulrych, Jaromír (referee)
Six methods have been used to study micas from České středohoří mts.: X-ray difractometry (transmission and reflection), ICP MS, electron microprobe, Mössbauer spectroscopy and termogravimetry. The measurements of trace elements and REE's revealed very low tendency by normalization on chondrite reservoir and primitive mantle. Micas show high contents of TiO2 (9,47 wt.%) and BaO (up to 2,1 wt.%) in separated grains from rock. The micas classifications were determined by Tischendorf (2007) and Rieder (1998) as Fe-phlogopites. X-ray powder diffraction revealed cell dimensions and a common polytype 1M with space group C2/m. By Mössbauer spectroscopy have been studied the rates of Fe2+ /Fe3+ and they were 1,08 - 1,86 (except rock sample, which were 9:1). Termogravimetrical measurement until 1450řC revealed weight jump from 1120řC to 1270řC.
Crystal chemistry of micas from České středohoří
Goll, Jan ; Skála, Roman (advisor) ; Rieder, Milan (referee)
Micas from České středohoří mts. have been studied by X-ray difractometry, ICP-MS and electron microprobe. The measurements of trace elements and REEs revealed very low tendency by normalization of chondrite reservoir and primitive mantle. The micas classifications were determined by Tischendorf (2007) and Rieder (1998) as Fe- or Fe-Ti phlogopites. The abundances of Ti are very high up to 0,46 (a.p.f.u.). X-ray powder diffraction revealed double layered polytype 2M1 with space group C/2c.
Crystal chemistry of pyroxenes and amphiboles from the České středohoří
Kallistová, Anna ; Skála, Roman (advisor) ; Ulrych, Jaromír (referee)
Contents of major, minor and trace elements in clinopyroxenes and clinoamphiboles of basanites, volcanoclastics, essexites, sodalitic syenites, and monzodiorites of the České středohoří Mts. has been determined using an electrone microprobe and LA-ICP-MS techniques. Composition of clinopyroxenes corresponds to either diopside or augite and clinoamphiboles can be classified as kaersutite or pargasite. Some pyroxenes display pronounced sector zoning showing increased contents of Mg and Si in pyramidal sectors whereas prismatic sectors show Fe, Ti and Al enrichment. Chemical composition of both sectors corresponds to diopside. Growth zoning has been found in the samples from basanites and volcanoclastics. Grain cores display the chemistry of augite and towards the rim the chemical composition changes to diopside. Samples have also been analyzed by powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. Samples of pyroxenes appear to be either pure or they contain negligible admixtures of phlogopite. Samples of amphiboles are also either without any admixtures or they show contamination by low amounts of diopside or augite, or phlogopite may rarely be encountered. Mutual relationship between the size of the unit cell parameters b and and substitutions in M1,2,3 and A sites has been observed. Longer mean T-O...
Accuracy of internal and external standard method in quantitative analysis by X-ray powder diffraction
Pérez-Estébanez, Marta ; Viani, Alberto
The X-ray powder diffraction method is known to convey information on the phase composition of samples. Obtaining an accurate quantification of these phases has been long precluded. With the advent of the Rietveld method [1] this became possible. Hedemonstrated the possibility to extract accurate structural information from neutron powder diffraction data. Later, his approach has been extended to x-ray powder diffraction data with successful results. The basics of the Rietveld method lays on the complete exploitation of the whole powder profile without extracting the integrated intensities. The structural information are obtained by fitting the entire profile of the measured diffraction pattern to a calculated diffraction profile. The refinement procedure implements the least square regression and it requires a reasonable scheme of starting values that approximate the real datum.

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