National Repository of Grey Literature 21 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Interakce viru klíšťové encefalitidy s cytoskeletem hostitelských buněk
This thesis is focused on the role of host cytoskeleton, primarily microtubules and microfilaments, during tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH and tick cell line IRE/CTVM19. The importance of cytoskeletal integrity and dynamics to the viral replication cycle were examined using specific chemical inhibitors showing the virus utilizes studied structures in both cell lines. Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed structural changes in the actin cytoskeleton during late infection in SK-N-SH cells. Moreover, differences in expression of cytoskeleton-associated genes in both cell lines were compared. Several genes with up-regulated expression in SK-N-SH cells were identified during late infection.
Vliv klíštěcích slin na replikaci viru klíšťové encefalitidy v myších makrofázích. Úloha interferonu-\recke{beta} a oxidu dusnatého.
The aim of this study was to characterize the replication of tick borne encephalitis virus in mouse macrophages and investigate the influence of tick saliva derived from Ixodes ricinus on the viral replication. Moreover, the effect of interferon (the member of type I interferons) and nitric oxide on virus replication was studied.
Antivirotické a antibakteriální účinky biologicky aktivních látek z přírodních zdrojů a jejich potenciální využití proti klíšťaty přenášeným patogenům
The first aim of this study was to detect antiviral activities of substances isolated from natural products against tick-borne encephalitis virus in in vitro model. Resveratrol isolated from plant material and adamantane derivatives were studied in this regard. The maximum tolerated concentrations of the investigated substances were determined for the glioblastoma cell line used in the experiments using flow cytometry and subsequently. Next, the number of viral particles produced by infected cells after incubation with the studied substances was determined using plaque titration. Possible antibacterial effects of the studied materials against standard strains of bacteria Staphyloccocus aureus, Staphyloccocus epidermidis, Escherichia coli and selected strains of Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes were examined.
Effect of infection with the tick-borne encephalitis virus on Ixodes ricinus tick activity
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of tick infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus on its behaviour and development. The effect of infection on feeding performance, metamorphosis, locomotion or phototaxis was analysed. Despite the fact that we were not able to demonstrate any significant effect of infection on tick behaviour, the obtained results contribute to understanding transmission dynamics of the virus during tick life cycle including co-feeding and transovarial transmission.
Measurement of signalling pathway activation in mouse macrophage line IC-21 and primery dendritic cells after infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus.
Kožantová, Jana ; Lieskovská, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Drbal, Karel (referee)
Tick-borne encephalitis is a serious disease of the central nervous system. It is caused by tick-borne encephalitis virus, which is transmitted by ticks. The Czech Republic is one of the countries with the highest prevalence of this disease. Tick-borne encephalitis virus is able to replicate in several cell types. In this work we focused on macrophage line IC-21 and dendritic cells, because these cells are the first, which encounter the virus and support its spreading in the host at early stage of infection. So far there is not known any specific receptor for virus entry into cells or which signaling pathways activates. Therefore, we decided to investigate the activation of selected signaling pathways after infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus and influence of tick saliva on this activation. We employed methods of dual luciferase reporter assay, immunosandwich assay and western blot. The obtained results showed that in virus infected IC-21 cells are activated phosphatidyl-inositol pathway, NF-κB pathway, signaling molecule Erk1/2 and others. Testing of tick saliva effect revealed significantly decreased activity of NF-κB, AP-1 and CREB.
Diagnostics of Tick-borne Encephalitis: Present State and Future
Hustedová, Anna ; Španielová, Hana (advisor) ; Saláková, Martina (referee)
Tick-borne encephalitis is one of the most severe tick-borne neuroinfections in Europe and Asia. This thesis is focused on its source, Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). Diagnostics of TBEV is usually based on detection of specific anti-TBEV antibodies in patient's serum by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. However antibodies that develop during the infection often cross-react with other flavivirus specific antibodies. As an antigen for ELISA tests the formalin inactivated virus is usually used, its production is restricted to laboratories with biosafety level 3. This thesis is seeking for possibilities of production of specific antigen for serological diagnostic of TBEV using heterologous expression systems. As the new antigens, parts of glycoprotein E and subviral particles were used. Production of antigen in the formo of subviral particles seems to be a good alternative to inactivated virus.
Antiviral vaccination - tick borne encephalitis virus
Solarová, Pavlína ; Janštová, Vanda (referee) ; Drda Morávková, Alena (advisor)
Tick borne encephalitis is by one of the most severe disease of central nervous system. Agent of this disease is tick-borne encephalitis virus, which is transmitted mainly by tick. Clinical picture of TBE is considerably different and varied in individuals - from quite infection without symptoms up to severe cerebro-spinal meningitis, in such cases attacked persons by this virus leave hospital with whole-life handicap. We can prevent this disease by inoculation. We can see it in the neighboring Austria, where TBE almost became extinct because 90% of population is vaccinated. Vaccines are commercially available from 1979. Nevertheless only 17% population is vaccinated against TBEV. The reason for it could be fact that insurance companies do not provide the vaccines as well as not very effective health education. One of possibilities how we can this tendency reverse would be higher awareness of pupils at schools. In school educational programs there is contained prevention of viral disease, especially in general biology, biology of viruses and education to health.
Interakce viru klíšťové encefalitidy s makrofágovými buněčnými liniemi a její ovlivnění klíštěcími slinami
This thesis was focused on the infection of macrophage cell lines and mouse peritoneal macrophages with tick borne encephalitis. We examined the amount of virus produced by macrophage cells in different time periods. In the second part of the study we determined the influence of tick saliva derived from Ixodes ricinus on the infection.
Comparison of various ways of tick infection with the tick-borne encephalitis virus
The aim of the bachelor thesis was to compare various methods of Ixodes ricinus tick infection with the tick-borne encephalitis virus. For infection by immersion method, less virulent TBE virus strain Neudoerfl was used resulting in 5 % of infected ticks. Using more virulent strain Hypr provided 60 % of infected ticks. 75 % of ticks became infected with the Neudoerfl virus by capillary feeding. Infection of ticks by feeding on viraemic mice was unsuccessful. Applicability of tested methods for infection of tick life stages is discussed.
Spatial Distribution of Tick-Borne Pathogens as a Consequence of Vector-Host-Pathogen Interactions with Environment
HÖNIG, Václav
The proposed thesis contributes to the basic knowledge in tick (Ixodes ricinus) and tick-borne pathogens (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, tick-borne encephalitis virus) ecology in particular studying the spatial distribution, host associations and its causes and consequences in Central European habitats.

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