National Repository of Grey Literature 35 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Issue of Pre-trial Detention in Criminal Procedure
Spourová, Dominika ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
The Issue of Pre-trial Detention in Criminal Procedure This thesis deals with the topic of pre-trial Detention. The main focus is on the analysis of the interference with the rights to personal freedom of a person. This procedural institution restricts the freedom of a person who has not yet been found guilty; therefore, when implementing it, the principle of ultima ratio must be carefully observed. However, this fundamental requirement is not always respected, which is why this thesis seeks to provide a perspective on the issue of detention not only in terms of legal regulation but also in terms of application practice. The work is divided into eight chapters. Taking into account the long tradition of the link in the territory of the present Czech Republic, the first chapter summarizes the historical development essential for putting the whole issue into context. The most important part of this chapter is devoted to the period from 1950 to the present. The second chapter describes the general features of pre-trial detention, especially conditions and principles under which can be pre-trial detention applied, focusing on the principle of the presumption of innocence and the limits of the restriction of personal liberty. In order for an accused to be lawfully detained, the material conditions of...
Criminal proceedings against legal persons
Gebauer, Jan ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
1 Abstract The thesis deals with selected procedural issues of criminal proceedings against legal persons, especially those procedural institutes that are controversial in theory or application. The aim of this thesis is to point out and analyse these procedural shortcomings, which stem not only from the strict legal regulation of Act No. 418/2011 Coll., on criminal liability of legal persons and proceedings against them. To this end, the legal regulation is evaluated and the author bases his interpretation on the opinions of the professional public. To achieve this goal, the method of description, analysis, including linguistic interpretation is used. This thesis is divided into 4 parts in which the author elaborates on the procedural aspects of criminal proceedings against legal persons. The introductory part describes the basic concepts that are necessary to grasp the procedural issues and without which the interpretation would not be complete. The second part is devoted initially to the substantive law institute of "evolving from criminal liability" of a legal person, which, however, has an overlap into the procedural law context and thus deals in detail with the problem of shifting the burden of proof to a legal person, and in its conclusion states that it cannot be accepted in criminal proceedings...
Psychological profiling of an offender
Münzová, Kristýna ; Čírtková, Ludmila (advisor) ; Štourač, Petr (referee)
Criminal profiling Abstract The purpose of my thesis is to analyse criminal profiling, one of the disciplines of forensic psychology used by law enforcement authorities in their effort to capture offender of a crime. The reason for my research is my interest in the criminal law in general, mainly in the psychological aspects of work of law enforcement authorities with individual offenders. The thesis is composed of three chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of criminal profiling. Chapter One is introductory and defines basic terminology of criminal profiling and the essence of criminal profiling in general. The chapter is subdivided into five parts, which deals with the term of criminal profiling, its development, particular delicts suitable for profiling, the manner of creating a profile and its efficiency in the criminal proceedings in Czech Republic. Chapter Two examines the best known approaches to criminal profiling, its methods and typology. The chapter consists of five parts. Part One focuses on the different approaches to criminal profiling. Part Two investigates the deductive and inductive methods of criminal profiling. Part Three addresses the issue of the best known computer databases used in criminal profiling, ViCLAS and VICAP. Part Four focuses on geographic profiling, a...
The issue of the concept of criminal custody
Votočková, Lucie ; Herczeg, Jiří (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
THE ISSUE OF THE CONCEPT OF CRIMINAL CUSTODY This diploma thesis deals with a criminal custody. This is an important part of a criminal process where there is a restriction of personal freedom based on a need to ensure people for acts of a prosecution. It is a complex issue which requires proper and sensitive legislation and as well as appropriate use in a practice. First part of this diploma thesis focuses on the term of custody. It explains the definition and an essential features. In the subchapters, principles which drive custody are specified. Differences between custody and judgment are explained. Second part of the diploma thesis concerns about question of personal freedom and custody in connection with international and constitutional law. First subchapter deals with the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms which sets basic conditions for limitation of personal freedom and for detention. Next subchapter compares two important international documents: European Convention of Human Rights and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. These two documents have a big influence on enactment of custody in Czech Republic. Third part contents substantive enactment of custody. The conditions for arrest are presented. Farther the reasons for custody and also strengthened reasons...
The issue of concept of criminal custody
Bělecký, Jan ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
59 8 Abstract - The issue of concept of criminal custody My diploma thesis deals with the criminal custody. It is an indispensable part of criminal process where personal freedom comes in a conflict with the effectivity of prosecution. Accused people are taken into custody before there is a decision on the matter and therefor the application of presumption of innocence is limited. Even though custody is not a punishment it can have very severe impacts on the accused person coming close to the impact of an actual punishment. The first part of the diploma thesis deals with the historical course beginning in the pre-hussite era until the present day. Second part obtains a brief explanation of what the term criminal custody means. The third part contains detailed characterization of the criminal custody reasons, strengthened criminal custody reasons and surrogate measures as well. The fourth part concerns about the rules of who is authorized to decide if an accused person is taken into criminal custody, the maximum length of the criminal custody, revisions of criminal custody legitimacy and decisions about further criminal custody duration. The diploma thesis should be able to describe the basic rules concerning the criminal custody.
Renewal of proceedings
Fejklová, Lucie ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šámal, Pavel (referee)
Remedial measures in criminal law are set mainly to eliminate and correct mistakes, which have occurred in the course of the trial. It acts as a review and a remedy of law and legal defects. It can be divided into regular and special ones. Amid the regular remedial measures belong appeal, complaint and protest, to a group of special remedial measures belong apart from a renewal of proceedings, a review of an appeal and a complaint for the breach of law. Renewal of proceedings is a special remedial measure, which brings with itself interference into legal power. Renewal of proceedings with which one can contest only some legitimate decisions, in which criminal prosecution has already finished, is used for a removal of shortcomings in factual findings, because at that time all the decisive facts had not been known and the evidence, which came up only after the former decision has come into legal force. New evidence or facts underlying this extraordinary breach into inalterability and binding of judgments made in criminal proceedings are only the facts that were not part of evidence or survey or were not applied by any of the parties engaged in the proceedings and the only evidence that was not designed nor made by either party during the proceedings. As new evidence can be even used evidence already...
The issue of the concept of criminal custody
Kudláček, Michael ; Herczeg, Jiří (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
- The issue of the concept of criminal custody Man's personal freedom is the basic human right, however at the same time it is possible to restrict it in a democratic society under certain conditions defined beforehand. This thesis deals with the most serious personal freedom trial restriction - the institute of custody. Custody consists in a temporary personal freedom restriction of the defendant in a closed facility based upon a court decision. Custody is an utmost means and it shall be used only if its purpose cannot be reached by other measures. Custody is not a means of pressure on the defendant and it is unacceptable to misuse it; it si not a sanction measure either. Custody law is arranged particularly in the Penal Procedure Code, which sets the basic principles and conditions under which the defendant can be limited on their personal freedom with this procedure means. The basic suppositions for taking the defendant into custody are a reasonable concern that they will escape or hide, further that they will thwart clarifying facts crucial for the criminal prosecution, and finally that they will repeat their criminal activity. These three reasons for custody are also indicated as getaway, collusion and surpass custodies. This personal freedom restriction may last only for a certain time,...
The Issue of the Concept of Criminal Custody
Šimek, Václav ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
- The Issue of the Concept of Criminal Custody This diploma thesis deals with the instrument of criminal custody as a security instrument. This instrument is considered as quite controversial in view of the fact that it's usage means the conflict between the interest of the investigating authority to accomplish the purpose of prosecution and person's right to personal freedom guaranteed by the Charter of fundamental rights and freedoms while the accused has to be treated as innocent according to the principle of presumption of innocence. The goal of this diploma thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of the current legislation of the instrument of custody and also of the problems connected with custody. The thesis is divided into seven chapters including the introduction and the ending chapter. The second chapter deals with the development of the custody legislation in history and major part of the chapter is focused on the Act's of criminal procedure from years 1873, 1950 and 1961. The third and the fourth chapter pay attention to the current legislation which is included in the Act of criminal procedure no. 141/1961 Coll. The third chapter extensively describes the meaning of the term of custody, custody reasons and the alternative instruments which the custody may be substituted with. The...
Criminal proceedings against legal persons
Glinkina, Jekatěrina ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
1 Criminal proceedings against legal persons Abstract On the first of January 2012, criminal liability of legal entities was finally established in the Czech Republic. This happened with effectiveness of the Act No. 418/2011 Coll., on the Criminal Liability of Legal Persons and Proceedings against them. This event significantly influenced Czech Criminal Law and caused a great stir. There has been both praise and criticism of the adoption of this law. Despite the fact that almost ten years have passed since that day and the Act itself has been amended by more than ten amendments, it has undergone extensive development, both in terms of interpretation and application. This thesis is devoted to the issue of criminal proceedings against legal persons, which in the Czech legal system is regulated in general mainly by the Act No. 141/1961 Coll., on Criminal Procedure and further modified by the special Act on Criminal Liability of Legal Persons and Proceedings against them. In a total of six chapters, the author of this thesis discusses in detail not only individual special aspects of proceedings against legal persons, but also addresses the basic issues of this type of proceedings, which are regulated in the general legislation. The author also focuses on the practical aspects of conducting such proceedings and...
The Issue of Pre-trial Detention in Criminal Procedure
Prokůpek, Jan ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
The Issue of Pre-trial Detention in Criminal Procedure This thesis deals with the topic of the institute of pre-trial Detention. Personal freedom is a fundamental human right, but it is not unlimited. It is the detention that significantly affects this right. Both in the case of legislative process and in the application of legal instruments, it is necessary to insist on the greatest possible emphasis on the rights of persons against whom criminal procedure is being conducted. The thesis is divided into eight chapters. The first chapter describes the general features of detention, especially the concept of detention, the conditions under which detention can be applied and the principles influencing the detention. The second chapter deals with the international and constitutional legal framework of detention. Topics of presumption of innocence and limits of restriction of personal freedom. The third part is devoted to a summary of the historical development of the detention in the Czech lands from the 19th century to the present day. Chapter four is focused on material aspect of law concerning detention. The individual reasons for detention are discussed, as well as the institutes alternative to detention. Special mention is given to electronic control in cases where the detention was replaced by...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 35 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.