National Repository of Grey Literature 12 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Kryokonzervace gamet a embryí v asistované reprodukci
Hanzelka, Zdeněk ; Pilka, Ladislav (advisor)
Kandidátská disertační práce z oblasti asistované reprodukce.
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Výskyt polymorfismů v genu \kur{MTHFR} a jejich možná asociace se sterilitou a problematikou opakovaných spontánních potratů v české populaci
STRÁSKÁ, Markéta
The thesis analyses the pairs that have not been able to conceive, or they have been diagnosed with sterility and they undergo an assisted reproductive technology as a possible treatment, or they have suffered from the recurrent pregnancy loss. The data for the second part of this study were gathered from 2014 to 2018 and have been provided by genetic laboratory GENLABS from České Budějovice. This part tries to statistically express prevalence of the two most studied MTHFR gene polymorphisms among Czech.
Relation locus of control on prevalence of depresivity by infertil person
Blašková, Ivana ; Loneková, Katarína (advisor) ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (referee)
This master thesis deals with infertility and its treatment. Both in the theoretical and empirical part, it focuses on the female aspects of the issue. The theoretical part summarizes an overview of key information important to understand the presented problems. We define the terms, describe the psychological and physiological causes of infertility, the process of treatment of infertility and aspects thereof. We focus on the depression rate related to infertility and its treatment, furthermore, we deal with type locus of control related to the experienced rate of depression. Our aim in the empirical part is to describe the depression rate, type of locus of control within the two samples of women acquired by us and capture the possible connections. The sample is made of 58 women who are currently undergoing a treatment for infertility and of the control group, which is made of 58 healthy women. To collect the data, we used the Beck Depression Inventory BDI-II, the Rotter's Internal- External Scale and the anamnestic questionnaire. Based on acquired data, we found out some specifity in depression rate and type of locus of control within our samples of women.
Affecting sperm quality of sterile males by physiotherapeutic techniques
Borgesová, Monika ; Bezvodová, Vlasta (advisor) ; Horká, Bohumila (referee)
Author: Monika Borgesová Institution: Rehab clinic LF UK in Hradec Králové Topic of bachelor's thesis: Affecting sperm quality of sterile males by physiotherapeutic techniques Supervisor: Bc. Vlasta Bezvodová Number of pages: 104 Number of Attachments: 14 Year of vindication: 2013 Key words: Sterility, fertility, sperm (cell), spermatozoon, spermiogram (sperm analysis), physiotherapy Abstract: The bachelor's thesis concerns with male sterility, its causes, diagnosis and treatment options. The theoretical part contains anatomy of the pelvis and male pelvic organs, reproduction physiology, chaining of musculoskeletal system malfunctions, examinations of a man, treatment and regime measures. The theoretical part also gives examples of physiotherapy methods, which can be used for male sterility treating. Gained theoretical knowledge is applied in practice in a special part of the thesis. I dealt with 2 casuistries. One of them describes examination, therapy and development of spermiogram of functional male sterility, the other one focuses on men with structural damage of testicles.
Genes of early meiotic prophase I of spermatogenesis in house mouse
Škaloudová, Eliška ; Trachtulec, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Forman, Martin (referee)
Meiosis is an essential cellular process that is necessary for gamete formation in all sexually reproducing organisms. This work is focused on the description of the genes of early stages of meiotic division in males of a mammalian model, the house mouse. The first part summarizes meiosis focusing on prophase I, which is longer than prophase II. Prophase I is divided into five stages, namely leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, diplotene, and diakinesis. Mouse spermatogenesis and its differences from oogenesis are also briefly described. The second part provides a list of genes encoding proteins required for initiation of meiotic division, pairing and synapses of chromosomes, and initiation of the catalysis of double-strand breaks. Double-strand breaks are repaired by homologous recombination, which may result in so-called crossing-over, the major source of genetic variability. The work deals with the early stage of homologous recombination and components required for this process. Localization of meiotic double-strand breaks in the genome is not random and is under the control of the Prdm9 gene, which seems to take multiple roles, such as the formation of new subspecies of the house mouse. Knowledge of the genes controlling the early stages of meiotic division is a prerequisite to understanding some of...
Quality control of blood products
The main theme of this bachelor thesis is a quality control of blood products which are prepared in the Transfusion Centre in the České Budějovice Hospital. In my thesis, I focus on the rudimentary blood products manufactured from whole blood. These include resuspended erythrocytes without a buffy coat (EBR), plasma (P), mixed thrombocytes without leukocytes from a buffy coat in a spare solution (TBSDR) and mixed thrombocytes without leukocytes (TBSD). The aim of this work is a statistical analysis of quality of the aforementioned blood products used in the past 5 years. Moreover, I have devised my own quality control of the newest blood products TBSDR. The theoretical part addresses blood donors´ control, methods of blood collection, blood processing and procedures which may significantly influence the quality of blood products. I also describe the examined blood products and the quality control process. In the practical part, I deal with the procedure of examining the particular parameters of blood products´ quality control and their assessment. After the preparation of blood products, sampling is done as well as the control of both efficient and undesirable components (erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit). Assessment of stability and sterility of blood products (hemolysis, pH, coagulation factors) is done at the end of their expiration. I will focus more carefully on the TBSDR blood product quality control which starts one month after the blood product is implemented into a production process and which lasts six months. Statistical control of the process is applied during the quality control. In the past 5 years, the quality of blood products has been satisfactory. The newly implemented blood product TBSDR is more high-quality than the previous TBDS. TBSDR provides not only patients but also transfusion centers with many advantages.
Comparison of the occurrence of inversion at the 9th chromosome in infertile and sterile patients with literature dates
Šlégrová, Sandra ; Krkavcová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Šípek, Antonín (referee)
The pericentric inversion of the chromosome 9 [inv (9)] is the most common small-scale inversions in the human chromosomes. Some publications consider it as a variation of the human karyotype, which has no clinical manifestations. However there are mentioned the studies in this thesis that reports the inversion on the chromosome 9 in connection with the various pathological conditions, such as sterility, infertility, or some congenital anomalies. However, most attention is paid to the patients who were evaluated for the indication due to the failure of reproduction (sterility or infertility). The research was conducted in the accredited genetic laboratory GENvia s.r.o., where the data of the period 2004-2011 are collected. During this period a total of 5195 patients of variety indication reasons were examined. Totally 84 cases of them were found with inversion of the chromosome 9 with an incidence of 1.62 % laboratory. The indication diagnoses are divided into six created groups because of their quantity. One of them is called sterility/infertility. There were found 23 cases with inversion in the 9th chromosome in this group. It makes 27.38 % totally of the amount found in the chromosome inversions 9th. The occurrence of this inversion was also noticed in other indication groups: the congenital...
Methods of family planning at Romany woman
In this thesis, I addressed the issues of the Romany population, in particular family planning of Romany women. My thesis is divided into two parts. The first part is theoretical and the other is practical. The first part dealt with the history of the Romany population, Romany customs, rituals, housing, family, children, etc. These phenomena were separately applied to the multicultural nursing model - a Giger-Davidhizar model. Due to globalization and population migration, I emphasized the need to use and apply the model of multicultural nursing as an integral part of nursing care. In the second part of my thesis, I carried out my research through semi-controlled interviews with five randomly selected Romany women aged between 20-40 years. Five objectives and related research questions were defined. All the objectives were met. Research question 1, whether Romany women are aware of family planning methods, was not answered definitely. Research question 2 shows that Romany women use family planning methods. Research question 3 resulted in the finding that Romany women use hormonal contraceptives in family planning. Research question 4 explained that Romany women do not find family planning important. The respondents replied to research question 5 ? what Romany women?s needs in primary care are ? in the sense that they do not have any specific requirements. My bachelor thesis can be used as a resource for midwives who want to learn about the problems of the Romany population and family planning, as well as for working midwives who would apply the knowledge in the field of multicultural nursing his their practice, recommend adequate contraception in primary prevention and educate Romany women on when, how and under what circumstances to start a family. The general public, especially young girls, who begin their sexual life, will find here an overview of all available and used methods of contraception.

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