National Repository of Grey Literature 207 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Interventions focused on the support of pupils with dyscalculia in a primary school
Horská, Michaela ; Felcmanová, Lenka (advisor) ; Jamrichová, Jana (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with a specific learning disability - dyscalculia. The theoretical part follows up the general issue of specific learning disabilities, division, and etiology also with the definition of dyscalculia and its classifications in terms of child development and mathematical topics. It focuses on general recommendations for reeducation and specific elements description to correct difficulties in mathematics. Finally, it is anchored in the current legislation, which underwent a fresh change in the early 2021. It also defines terms of pedagogical intervention and the use of special pedagogical care. The practical part is interested in the interventions provided to pupils with dyscalculia at primary schools in the Jihlava region, more precisely finds out and describes the provided support for pupils who have difficulties in mathematics. It also contains a research survey of qualitative character- focused finding out information about the implementation of interventions at primary schools and pedagogical-psychological counselling in the selected locality and presents case studies of two pupils. There were used methods of semi-structured interview and observation to get the data. There was used a method of open data coding for data analysis. This thesis focuses closer on a...
Support of reading literacy for pupils with specific learning disabilities
Šimánková, Adéla ; Bartoňová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Hádková, Kateřina (referee)
The present diploma thesis examines the support of reading literacy in pupils with specific learning disabilities. Theoretical chapters are engaged in defining the specific learning disorders, aetiology of the same, individual types of learning disabilities, diagnostics and options of re-education and intervention. Further, the theoretical part delves into the educational system and legislation in the Czech Republic, primary education centred around the framework educational programme for this level of education, inclusion and advisory systems in schools and school advisory facilities. In addition, reading literacy is characterized, along with the factors affecting the same, options of support of reading literacy in pupils with specific learning disorders - for the individual types of disorders, teaching methods of reading skills. The thesis presents research focused on supporting reading literacy in pupils with learning disorders; the above research was carried out using questionnaires directed at primary school teachers, and questionnaires directed at parents of pupils with specific learning disorders. The objective of the research was to identify the options of development, approaches and tools or aids used by teachers and methods preferred by parents when reading with children. The research...
Learning disorder prevention of pre-school children following the start of school attendance
Týmalová, Eva ; Bartoňová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Květoňová, Lea (referee)
This thesis concerns with the prevention of specific learning disabillities of children during their start of schooling, using the predictive test battery. The paper's goal is to focus on prediction signals of specific learning disorders and their timely prevention. Conclusion of our thesis is an up-to-date knowledge about preschool phase, school maturity and preparedness of children, knowledge about sub-function deficits, specific learning disabillities, its manifestation and posibilities of timely prevention. Research part's focus point is practical testing and evaluation of sub-functions with the help of diagnostic material named:"learning and writing disability hazards test for preschoolers." Test is undertaken by a group of six children in their mandatory preschool education year and is followed by intervention targeted at discovered areas with defecits. This group is filled in with case studies. After 6 months of intervention, during which the students started attending primary school, a post-test is performed to evaluate achieved results and compare them with a control group consisting of randomly chosen pupils attending first year of primary school as well. By combining theoretical and practical knowledge, we can define risk factors that allow us to predict specific learning disabilities...
Swimming training of children with specific learning disabilities in younger school age
Šťastná, Hana ; Svobodová, Irena (advisor) ; Dlouhý, Martin (referee)
The work was reflecting the effect of basic swimming training and the water environment on the fine motor skills of the upper limbs in a group of pupils with specific learning disabilities. Part of the work is a comparison with a group of pupils of the same age with specific learning disabilities without said swimming training. The main goal of the work is to observe a group of pupils from a Prague based private elementary school with focus on education of children with specific learning disabilities and evaluation of potential changes in fine motor skills of the upper limbs. The selected group of pupils consisted of children diagnosed with one or more specific learning disability, such as developmental dysphasia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, dyslexia, ADHD syndrome and Asperger's syndrome in ages 8 to 10. The training was a mandatory basic swimming training in third grade and happened during the school year 2018/2019 with total of 15 participants. Input testing for fine motor skills and test of level of swimming abilities were organised in the beginning of the training. Output testing was organised in February of 2019 after completion of 20 hours of swimming training. This was then compared to level of fine motor skills of a group of pupils of same age without basic swimming training. Key words swimming...
Foreign language aptitude of pupils with learning disabilities at the beginning of the foreign language acquisition at the elementary school
Špačková, Klára
The dissertation is dealing with the issue of foreign language aptitude and foreign language abilities of pupils with learning disabilities at the beginning of the foreign language acquisition. The first part of the work describes general theories of the foreign language acquisition and introduces the current trends in education of pupils with learning disabilities in the process of foreign language learning. The second part of the work describes the research, which aim was to investigate the quality and the devlepoment of the foreing language aptitude of the pupils with learning disabilities during the first year of foreign language study at the elementary school. Foreign language aptitude and foreign language abilities were compared with foreign language achievement and with native language and reading skills. Key words: foreign language aptitude, foreign language abilities, phonological skills, specific learning disabilities, components of language
Graphic manifestation of children of younger school age at risk
Járka, Štěpán ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor) ; Kučerová, Olga (referee)
This dissertation is based on specific areas of learning and disabilities that are related to gross and fine motor skills and the main focus is on the manifestations of dysgraphia. The aim is to affect the peculiarity of these disorders depending on the drawing and artistic abilities of students which requires Rey-Osterrieth's complex figure and additional tasks that are compared with this figure. Rey-Osterrieth's complex figure is a well-known and used diagnostic tool in the field of learning disabilities and it is used to compare the performance of students. The student's artistic ability, perception of perspectives, spatial composition, and work with lines are very important. The performance of each student is described in detail in this dissertation, both through quantification and through a written description. In the dissertation, there can found a case study and a comparison of students that differ from the average data.
Reading of adolescents with specific learning disabilities
Břečková Chalupová, Eva
The thesis investigates reading problems among adolescents with specific learning disabilities. The theoretical part of the paper outlines theoretical fundamentals of reading problems, different approaches to specific learning disabilities, reading particularities and reading related skills among adolescents and adults. The research part of the paper comprises the analysis and interpretation of data obtained via a comparison of the reading performance of students with specific disabilities and the performance of intact student population. The main goal of the thesis is to detect basic reading characteristics among adolescents with specific learning disabilities.
Process of reading for pupils with dyslexia at the 2nd level of primary school
Sládková, Iveta ; Bartoňová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Hádková, Kateřina (referee)
The reading process is a demanding cognitive process. With it, we achieve various levels of reading literacy. Pupils with dyslexia face not only problems mastering the reading technique, but also comprehension of the text. The main goal of the diploma thesis is to assess and find out how the learning process of pupils with dyslexia at the second stage of primary school takes place with regard to the reading process, which is weakened in these pupils. The partial goal of the diploma thesis is to find out which methods are used by teachers when working with pupils with dyslexia. The diploma thesis is processed as a qualitative research investigation using the technique of observation of a selected group in the educational process (second grade students), analysis of student documentation and interviews with students, their parents and teachers according to a pre-prepared scenario. The diploma thesis deals with the influence of the use of intervention aids on the educational process of pupils with dyslexia at the second stage of primary school and the suitability of individual aids for intervention in specific cases.
Appearance of persistint primary reflexes of children in preschool and primary education
Kindlová, Barbora ; Volemanová, Marja Annemiek (advisor) ; Zulić, Marija (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on persistent primary reflexes in younger school age children, their connection with the correct psychomotor development and insight ainto the connection of specific learning and behavioral disorders with persistent primary reflexes. In the theoretical part, the author describes the psychomotor development of a child based on the findings of developmental psychology and neurophysiology. The next part characterizes the primary reflexes and their influence on specific learning disabilities. At the end of the theoretical part, the author presents programs that are used to inhibit persistent primary reflexes in the Czech republic. In the empirical part of the work, the author describes the diagnosis implementation of persistent primary reflexes in younger school age children via test forms. The author presents the results using tables and graphs. The author confirms the assumption of the occurence of the highest values of persistent primary reflexes in the preparátory class children and states the percentage occurence of persistent primary reflexes in all tested groups. KEYWORDS Persisting primary reflexes, psychomotor development, specific learning disabilities

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