National Repository of Grey Literature 70 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Difficulties in chidren of preparatory classes with a focus on impaired communication ability
Smejkalová, Eva ; Felcmanová, Lenka (referee)
Abstract:Abstract: Communication constitutes the ability to express and share our thoughts, experiences and feelings in everyday life. Communication also plays an important role in the process of education. In education, we gather information, adopt it, learn how to work with it and continue to use it. The position of the child and the pupil with impaired communication ability is much more complicated in this case, because the difficulties in speaking are transferred to the communication process and can affect the management of school skills. Educating pupils with impaired communication skills is a challenging task. Pupils are unable to organize and express their thoughts sufficiently, their speech is often incomprehensible, they do not understand the teacher's interpretation exactly, they cannot speak fluently enough to meet a common communication standard. For these reasons, they come under psychological pressure and sometimes prefer to stop communicating completely. The main goal of the presented rigorous work is the analysis of the most common difficulties of children with impaired communication skills included in the preparatory classes of primary schools. Subsequent evaluation with a description of the most common difficulties due to school immaturity leading to school postponement are part of the...
School maturity and school readiness of pupils in preparatory class
Rejmanová, Adéla ; Němec, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Marádová, Eva (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of school maturity and readiness of pupils in the preparatory class. In the theoretical part the basic terminology from the field of pre-school education and problems of entering the elementary school is defined. There are also the principles of the preliminary test of school maturity described in detail. They are subsequently applied in practical research. The research part focuses on the comparison of the level of school maturity and readiness of pupils in the preparatory class and children in kindergarten. The survey was mainly conducted using qualitative methods, specifically through interviews, questionnaires and anamnesis. However, one quantitative method was also included - the standardized preliminary test of school maturity. This test focuses on fine motor skills and visuo-motor coordination ability. The research was carried out in preparatory classes and kindergartens in Mladá Boleslav and its surroundings. The goal of this diploma thesis was to find out whether education in a certain kind of preschool facility can affect children's readiness for school. Research results showed, that preparatory classes have better conditions for the development of a preschool pupil with postponement of school attendance than kindergartens. KEY WORDS Preschool...
Lexicon Evaluation of Preschool Children
Brožová, Kateřina ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Horynová, Jana (referee)
The diploma thesis Lexicon Evaluation of Preschool Children is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part of this work on speech therapy describes within four chapters the Czech vocabulary, psychological development of children up to the school maturity, speech development also up to the school maturity and finally presents diagnostic materials used in the Czech Republic for school maturity diagnostics and diagnostics of the lexical-semantic speech level. The practical part includes a quantitative research performed on children respondents in preschool classes in maternity schools. The main goal of this speech-therapy research was the modernization and verification of a testing set aimed at active vocabulary. The main reason was the fact that there is a lack of any adequate material for testing vocabulary in the Czech Republic. The new testing set could be also used as a subtest for school maturity diagnostics. The research conclusions were compared with the real situation of the tested children as referred by their teachers. As a part of the practical part there is the establishment of the research aims and hypotheses, and subsequently the research description, verification of the established hypotheses and definition of research conclusions. KEYWORDS Speech development,...
Differences in drawing of preschool children depending on their school maturity
Šanderová, Veronika ; Titmanová, Michaela (advisor) ; Klusák, Miroslav (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to compare drawings of school mature and immature children. These drawings should differ in certain features. The group of children was divided by the expert into two parts - children mature and immature. The division was made on the base of psychological screening. These children were called by the author to paint two drawing - a tree and drawing of free theme (the drawing of a man was undertaken from their Kern Jirasek's School Maturity Test). On the basis of the literature analysis, the criteria for the evaluation of these drawings (including both graphomotorics and cognitive aspects) were choosed. The main theme of the research concerns the evaluation of the drawings of children of both groups. The main output of the thesis is a comparison of the two groups of children, the description of the main features of the drawings of school-mature and immature children and the estimating the fact, that the drawings are consistent with the psychological screening examination. KEY WORDS School maturity, school readiness, pre-school age, Kern-Jirasek's School Maturity Test, drawing of a male person, drawing of a tree, free drawing
Development of social and emocional skills of pre-school children
Aganjová, Lejla ; Hejlová, Helena (advisor) ; Koťátková, Soňa (referee)
This thesis defines social-emotional skills that need to be refined among pre-school children within the context of the beginning of schooling. The work also verifies the possibilities and limits of artefiletics in the development of social and emotional skills of pre-school children. The thesis is of a theoretical- empirical character and is divided into two parts - theoretical and practical. The chapters of the theoretical part deal with social and emotional development of pre-school children, the meaning of a play in social-emotional development and also with social-emotional constituent part of school maturity. The last chapter is devoted to artefiletics as an innovative approach towards the development of social- emotional skills of pre-school children. The practical part of this thesis consists of two parts - action research and questionnaire survey. The action research focuses on verifying the possibilities and limits of artefiletics when developing and refining social-emotional skills of pre-school children in kindergarten.The action research aimed at increasing the quality of complex maturity preparation for entering primary school, respectively adaptation to school environment. The second part of the practical part consists of questionnaire survey, the aim of which was above all to discover...
School Maturity and Beginning of School Attendance
This diploma thesis deals with an admission procedure to the first form of primary education, school readiness, beginning of the school attendance and a formation of initial literacy in the first form of primary school. The theoretical part focuses on the ontogeny of a child in the pre-school and young school age, school readiness, the beginning of school attendance and the initial reading and writing skills. The research focuses on the preparation of children in kindergartens for school. It also describes three processes of admission procedure to the first form of primary school at three different schools. The author also analyses results of these admission procedures in 2018. She also analyses the human body drawings in connection with the school readiness. Last but not least she analyses the formation of hygiene habits of pupils in the first forms. The findings of this research are compared with the information in the theoretical part. There are also many appendices that document the research. At the end of the thesis there is the interpretation of the research and a description of contemporary school readiness issues.
School maturity and school readiness
The topic of bachelor thesis is school maturity and readiness with the ways how parents are informed and interested in the progress of pre-school children who are supposed to attend the first grade of elementary school next year. Individual chapters deal with characteristics of a pre-school child, especially his motor, cognitive and social development with a focus on pre-school period before elementary school. The definition of school maturity and readiness and division into individual areas of maturity for starting compulsory school attendance and the way how the child is affected by nursery school and family. The practical part examined how the parents of the pre-school children are interested in this issue. The aim of bachelor thesis was to determine the parents' awareness of school maturity of their children using anonymous questionnaires.
The approach of kindergarten pedagogues to children with school postponement
Petrů, Jana ; Procházková, Jana (advisor) ; Janošová, Pavlína (referee)
In the diploma thesis I concentrated on an approach of preschool teachers to children whose school attendance was postponed. Thesis is divided in two parts. In theoretical part I deal with a definition of school maturity and readiness, which are the basics to find child's troubles with postponement of school attendance. Then I delineate present situation in the Czech Republic - I define contemporary concept of preschools, I deal with compulsory school education and possibility of postponement of school attendance. In the last chapter of the theoretical part I concentrate on the approach of teachers and in sub-chapters I define activities and impact which they have. In empirical part I used a snowball sampling to approach some preschool teachers. Eleven teachers from Prague and Plzeň region have participated the research. After filling in questionnaires focused on individual children whose school attendance will be postponed, questions were adapted to the main research method - interview. Using thematical analysis I discovered various approaches of teachers to organizing forms of work, cooperation with parents, cooperation with specialists, documents in preschools, contemporary perspective of postponement of school attendance in the Czech Republic.
The Role of Human Figure in Indicative Test of School maturity
Michálková, Anna ; Klusák, Miroslav (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
The thesis deals with the role of drawing of a human figure in Jirásek's Orientation Test of school maturity. The aim is to contribute to the development of theory of tested abilities. Empirical material consists of the works of preschool children in the Oriental Test of School Maturity, including the one for verbal thinking and in a selected set of Raven color progressive matrices. Data collection took place in two phases, four months apart. The underlying question is whether performance in drawing of a human figure will correlate more closely with performance in other tasks that are also oriented towards nonverbal (vs. verbal) and infralogical (vs. logical) operations. It turned out that it is not the case since the correlation is related rather to the degree of the general intellectual level. When analyzing developmental correlations within the given time frame, the development of drawing of a male character was grasped as a variable working synchronously with the development of other tasks. It was also grasped in the first phase as an independent variable and also as a dependent variable. Applying stricter correlation rates it has been shown that in a time interval of 4 months, the initial level of drawing of a human figure does not significantly affect development in other areas.Weaker...

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