National Repository of Grey Literature 280 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Application of renewable and recyclable raw materials for preparation of new polymers
Horák, Pavel
This thesis deals with optimalization of flexible polyurethane foam recycling with using of natural polyols based on rape seed oil and fish oil and it explores applications of depolymerized polyol product by formulations of new polyurethane materials. The experiments of depolymerisation showed that both tested natural oil (rape seed oil and fish oil) can be used as effective reagents for polyurethane recycling. Reaction conditions of depolymerisation were optimised with model flexible polyurethane foam and applied on waste foam from real conditions. Gain of depolymerisation is one-faze low viscosity (to 1500 mPa.s) liquid polyol products with content of hydroxyl groups ca 3 mmol/g. These polyols can be used for polymerisation of new materials. First application of recycled polyols was formulation of polyurethane foam systems. Through optimising of formula was prepared low-density semirigid foam containing 100 percentage of recycled polyol. Properties of these foams correspond to commercial foams. To prepare of homogenous cast polyurethane system based on recycled polyols it was necessary to add proper solvent, therefor extent of application has been lowered. On that account the systems were tested for study of polyaddition reaction and for following properties of the material. In these tests, the reactivity...
Mobile Machineries Used for Grinding of Agregates and Recycled Materials from Building Waste
Soukup, Adam ; Malášek, Jiří (referee) ; Škopán, Miroslav (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the issue of construction debris recycling. It deals with existing technical solutions regarding to performance, quality and efficiency. It includes a search of existing crushing machines and its individual types. It contains own conceptual design of a small mobile crusher.
Use of polymers in road constructions
Klusková, Jana ; Komenda, Radek (referee) ; Stehlík, Dušan (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the use of recycled polymers in asphalt mixtures. In the theoretical part of the thesis there is discussed the global issue of plastic waste including the experience of foreign countries, where this technology has already been introducted and used. The practical part is devoted to the proposal of using recycled plastic in asphalt mixture, description of used laboratory tests and the evaluating the effect of low-density polyethylen (LDPE) on the asphalt mixture type AC. There were performed tensile strenght tests, water resistant tests and stiffness modulus tests in the laboratory (E). The output of this work is an evaluation of measured values, processing of results and their interpretation depending on the possible use of this technology in Czech republic.
Use of R-material in asphalt mixtures with highly modified binder (HiMA)
Christ, Roman ; Dašek, Ondřej (referee) ; Hýzl, Petr (advisor)
The subject of this diploma thesis is paid attention to the influence of different dosing of R-material containing unmodified asphalt on the properties of asphalt concrete for abrasive layers (AC011 +) bonded with polymer highly modified asphalt (binder type HiMA). The properties of asphalt mixtures will be evaluated by means of the stiffness modulus test and the test of low-temperature properties by a uniaxial tensile test.
The utilization of the pavement waste materials to roads
Furdaničová, Alice ; Šperka, Pavel (referee) ; Stehlík, Dušan (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the use of recycled asphalt with aggregate in a hydraulically bound mixtures. The mixture is determined in the base or sub-base course of the pavement. The theoretical part of the diploma thesis describes the base course of the pavement, the production of recyclates from construction demolition waste, the acquisition and processing of recycled asphalt, the road reuse and recycling. The thesis is enriched by a contribution from the implementation of recycled asphalt laying into the base course of the communication company SKANSKA a.s. and ČNES a.s. The next chapter describes detailed experiences with recycling abroad. The thesis also contains a description of laboratory tests, which are important for evaluating the properties of mixtures with recycled asphalt. The practical part verifies the suitability of the mixture of recycled asphalt and aggregate for the road surface by testing the transverse tensile strength, compressive strength and frost and water resistance. The mixtures used are found to be suitable for pavement base course.
The utilization of the asphalt and concrete recycled materials to roads
Žďára, Zbyněk ; Šperka, Pavel (referee) ; Stehlík, Dušan (advisor)
This diploma thesis is divided into two parts, theoretical and practical. The is a review om the topic of recycled asphalt pavement and recycled concrete and their possible use in road construction in the theoretical part. The individual chapters deal with describing these materials, their production, and their use in construction layers of pavements. In the next chapters the attention is also paid to their problematic features and foreign experience using these materials in pavements. In the practical part, laboratory samples of recycled asphalt pavement and recycled concrete and their mixtures with cement are tested. The main purpose is to verify the applications of these mixtures of recycled asphalt pavement and recycled concrete in the bonded base layers of the pavement. Another purpose is to compare how these mixtures individual properties with different proportions of both components and different amounts of cement will be different. In the end, the two mixtures with the best properties was selected and the modulus of elasticity was experimentally determined for the possibility of replacing the currently used base layers and the economic evaluation of this design was made.
Waste horizon
Ochotná, Barbora ; Rypl Žabčíková, Ada (referee) ; Kristek, Jan (advisor)
The city is a place of accumulation, production and reproduction of production resources and consumption of goods, but waste typically accumulates outside it. It falls out of our horizon physically and mentally. The waste we produce changes the landscape and transforms the processes on earth without most of us visiting the "places of transformation". The project works with the idea of redirecting the final phase of the production chain back to the place of consumption by producing elements of public space from municipal waste. The presentation of waste leads to an awareness of its amount and degree of consumption. At the same time, waste becomes something much more ambivalent, possibly useful or even beautiful.
Hodnocení zpětného odběru elektrozařízení, odděleného sběru elektroodpadů a nakládání s nimi za roky 2017 a 2018
Šlégrová, Helena
Článek hodnotí evidenci toku zpětně odebraných elektrozařízení a odděleně sebraných elektroodpadů v rámci České republiky za roky 2017 a 2018. Evidenci jsou povinni zasílat výrobci, poslední prodejci, distributoři a pověření zástupci výrobců elektrických a elektronických zařízení, a to buď sami nebo prostřednictvím kolektivního systému. Podklady pro hodnocení evidence toku elektroodpadů použité v článku byly vzaty z roční zprávy o plnění povinností zpětného odběru elektrozařízení a odděleného sběru elektroodpadů. Cílem článku je zhodnocení nakládání s elektrozařízeními a elektroodpady ve stanovených letech vzhledem ke směrnici Evropského parlamentu a rady 2012/19/EU o odpadních elektrických a elektronických zařízení, která stanovuje minimální úrovně využití, recyklace a přípravy k opětovnému použití elektroodpadů. Z uvedených výsledků vyplývá, že se České republice v roce 2017 a 2018 podařilo splnit stanovené požadavky EU na minimální úroveň využití vyřazených elektrozařízení a úroveň jejich recyklace.
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Recyklovaný nábytek z odpadových materiálů
Rozehnal, Josef
The thesis deals with the problematics of waste and its possible usage in the the field of industrial design. It is based on the author’s own experience with the processing of the metal plate. It outlines the possibility of usage of wasted metal plates, namely the usage of blasts and cut-outs remaining from industry. The thesis is divided into two parts. The theoretical part briefly describes the integration of the art and design; upcycling and its environmental aspects. Furthermore, it deals with the material and constructional solution relating to the topic of the thesis. Moreover, it is concerned with the problematics of acoustics which is connected with the final design. The practical part consists of gradual steps of the design made from the recycled wasted materials. Research, elements of inspiration, design variants, design and material solutions and final visualization are also parts of the thesis.
Návrh designu vermikompostéru do bytu
Hosová, Tereza
Main goal of this bachelor thesis was the design of indoor worm compost. The thesis consists of two main parts, theoretical one, which is focused on waste as such, waste sorting and handling. The theoretical part also looks into composting theory, which includes for example process and conditions of composting, kinds of composting and the use of the final product. It also introduces the issues of worm composting. It explains its course and points out possible troubles. The second part of the thesis is practical one. It contains a research of the market for given products, but the main part is the design process from the first ideas to the final product.

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