National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Prevention and diagnosis of HIV infection
The title of this bachelor thesis is "HIV Prevention and Diagnosis". HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which is divided into HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV infection has three stages, which are defined by the number of CD4+ T-lymphocytes in the blood and have different clinical symptoms. The last stage of HIV infection is AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The main mode of transmission of the virus is sexual contact, followed by blood transmission and mother-to-child transmission. The main treatment for HIV/AIDS is antiretroviral chemotherapy and prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. Prevention is important and includes pre-exposure and post-exposure prophylaxis and barrier protection. HIV diagnosis is most commonly based on ELISA and western blotting. Rapid tests are also used for diagnosis. For my thesis, I set the main goal, namely to find out what is the awareness of the young generation in South Bohemia about HIV issues. For this goal I set one hypothesis, namely that I assume that awareness is low and that most of the population does not know how to protect themselves effectively. To achieve this goal I used a questionnaire survey. The second goal of my work was to conduct my own laboratory research on HIV testing in different groups of people, and my hypothesis for this goal was that I assumed that there would be a minimal number of reactive samples in the research, since the prevalence of HIV in the Czech Republic is low. The questionnaire survey showed that my hypothesis was correct, and that the majority of the population that is sexually active cannot effectively protect themselves, and that awareness of HIV issues is insufficient. The laboratory investigation, which took place over a period of one month, also confirmed my hypothesis; no sample was reactive.
Retrospective Reflection on the Influmence of Drugs during Their Adolescence
This bachelor thesis deals with the retrospective view of adults on the effects of drugs during their own adolescence. The theoretical part describes in more detail the period of adolescence, drug division, causes of drugs using and possible prevention. It also deals with the role of adolescence with using drugs and the desire to fit in with the others. The research part is processed using a qualitative methodology, which is is based on two in-depth interviews with respondents who used drugs in adolescence but were able to resist their addictions at a later age. I mainly researched what specific circumstances were important in drug use, and subsequently what forced them to stop using them and how it affected them into their current lives. Data analysis is performed by interpretive phenomenological analysis.
Paraarticular ossifications after total hip replacement. Modalities of preoperative and postoperative reduction interventions
Debre, Ján ; Dungl, Pavel (advisor) ; Tuček, Michal (referee) ; Dufek, Pavel (referee)
1 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Heterotopic ossification is frequent and well known complication after primary total hip arthroplasty. Prophylaxis is crucial, ohterwise when ossification is matured, the only treatment option is surgical removal during revision hip surgery. Prophylaxis options are pre, peri- and postoperative modalities. Effectiveness of the profylaxis step sis the aim of this disertation. The goal of Study 1 was to prove the positive side effect of tranexamic acid application to reduce the heterotopic ossification ratio after elective total hip replacement. The goal of Study 2 was to prove the reduction in HO ratio with experimental modification of anterolateral approach with electrosurgery. The goal of Study 3 was to detect the knowledge among czech orthopaedic surgeons in ossification issues and compare the results of questionnaire with german results. 2 MATERIAL AND METHODS Study 1 Cohort of 401 total hip replacements were assessed prospectivelly. Stratification of particular degrees in Brooker scale, sex, laterality and fixation type were evaluated. The average follow up was 6,10 year (40m to 113m). Hips from 2012 are referential and hips from 2016 are administered to tranexamic acid procotol. Other secondary prophylactic modalities (farmacoprophylaxy or radiotherapy), tertiary...
The incidence of burnout syndrome in nurses in selected hospital wards.
VÁŇOVÁ, Kristýna
This diploma thesis deals with the occurrence of the syndrome of burnout in nurses. The main objectives of this work is to determine the incidence of burnout among nurses in selected hospital wards and selected hospitals. In the theoretical part of the thesis is described the profession of nurses, burnout and the possibilities of its prevention. In the practical part I describe the goals, objectives, hypotheses and methodology of my work. Research investigation, implement it through a standardized questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inverters, which is designed for the monitoring of the burnout syndrome in the exposed occupations in the hospital in České Budějovice, Písek and Strakonice. The data obtained evaluating the statistical method of chi square test, which I will verify pre-established hypotheses of work. The obtained results are evaluated and interpreted.
Patients' awareness of prevention of Venous Thromboembolism
Buriánková, Hana ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Hlaváčová, Marie (referee)
Bachelor thesis 'Patients' awareness of Venous Thromboembolism prevention' focuses on one of the many major issues of general medicine, which may eventually take terminal course for the ill. As Venous Thromboembolism (further as TEN) is mostly a threat to patients after surgical intervention and the risk of its occurrence may be significantly mitigated through sound prevention, the aim of this bachelor thesis is to find out whether patients are duly acquainted with this disease and its prevention, enabling them to eliminate the associated risk. This thesis further investigates whether the patients are informed no later than before the surgery, who provides them with this information and it examines the level of overall nursing prevention. The research was performed on the basis of questionnaires filled in by patients of selected surgical departments in the Motol University Hospital.
Effect of early education of parents on faulty posture in children (preschool, school age)
The thesis deals with timely instructing of parents in the field of defective bearing of children (of pre-school and school age). The thesis consists of theoretical and practical sections. The theoretical section describes the parents´ instruction, defective bearing and its types, therapy and prophylaxis. Considering the change of lifestyle the number of children with defective holding is increasing. It is important to lead the parents and children to prevent this disease and it is most desirable to start with it as early as possible. The other section of the thesis deals with research. The research was conducted in the form of questionnaires that were the means of finding the level of parents´ knowledge of their children´s condition, and their involvement in the therapy. This is also the objective of the thesis. The achieved results were figured in the form of graphs. The thesis also compares the differences in the replies to the questionnaire inquiries both in therapy centres and in the GP paediatricians´ surgeries. The results show very high level of parents´ knowledge of the problems of defective bearing. The research also proved that the large majority of parents are involved in their child´s therapy and that they practice the exercises with them at home.
The Integrated Rescue System Activity and the Protection of the Public from a Possible Importation of Highly Contagious Diseases into the Czech Republic by Air Transfer
At present time of modern worldwide tourism using air transport, the risk of spreading an infectious disease in the Czech Republic cannot be underestimated. Air transport has become quite common way of travelling for Czech citizens so the travel time has shortened significantly. From this viewpoint Czech residents are at potential hazard of highly infectious diseases (HID). This Diploma thesis deals with biological agents which are divided into four risk groups on the basis of patogenes, a hazard to the staff and possible treatment and prophylaxis. Each of the groups requires different level of protection against the infection and its spread. The groups are graded from 1 to 4, i.e. BSL-1, BSL-2, BSL{--}3 and BSL{--}4. Biosafety level 4 (BSL-4) poses a high individual risk of life-threatening diseases where no prevention and treatment are available. This group includes various viral hemorrhanic fevers (VHF) accompanied by heavy tissue bleeding which can be caused by philoviruses, arenaviruses, buniaviruses and flaviviruses. These virus families include viruses like Ebola, Marburg, Lassa, Junin (Argentine VHF), Machupo (Bolivian VHF), Sabia (Brazilian VHF), Guanarito (Venezuelan VHF), Rift Halley fever, Hanta virus, Variola virus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and others. Even the hazard of BSL-3 biological agents with, in history well-known, Bacillus anthracis should not be ignored. The hazard of highly infectious diseases (HID) related to tourism consists in the incubation period. Tourists are infected during their stay abroad and on their way back to the Czech Republic the disease is highly developed. The HID transmission to other people confined in the space of the plane is then very simple. The attention is also paid to the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza virus which showed the possible ways of infection identification and population protection in the Czech Republic together with all subsequent effects.

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