National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Difficulties in informal caregiving for older adults at home
Blehová, Ivana ; Janečková, Hana (advisor) ; Hudcová, Eliška (referee)
Difficulties in homecare(giving) for an elderly family member. This bachelor thesis focuses on the issues of home elderly care and on difficulties that are related to it. Based on available literature it presents related topics in the first part of the thesis. In the second part case studies are used to describe several practical experiences of caregivers. This thesis is based on facts about contemporary demographic development. It focuses on the aging of the population and on elderly social care. The focus is given to home elderly care and difficult aspects that are connected to it. In the practical part of the theses qualitative methods of semi-structured dialogue were used. The aim was to find out how individuals who are taking care of non-self sufficient family member experience this situation, why they chose to proceed the way they did, and if they received appropriate information about the possibilities of professional assistance. The aim is also to ascertain how the care influenced their health, financial situation and social life. The analysis of these dialogues showed that the most immense stress for a caregiver is to take care of a person with behavioural and perception disorders with whom it is hard to communicate. Caregivers who take care of such a person alone are under an even greater...
Quality of life in patiens with cystic fibrosis
Šebková, Iveta ; Mádlová, Ivana (advisor) ; Raudenská, Jaroslava (referee)
Bachelor thesis "Quality of life in patients with cystic fibrosis" deals with difficulty about living with this diagnosis. The work is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part describe disease cystic fibrosis and deals with the clarification of basic terms related to this disease, symptoms and treatment. Empirical part is processed on the basis of quantitative research using of short version WHOQOL - BREF questionnaire, which we have changed for needs of our thesis and filled in with question of our construction. Goal was to find out impact of this desease on profesional and personal live of our respondent, evaluate the level of quality of their life and satistfaction with care. Findings and evaluation defined goals are at the end of thesis.
Use of field social service emergency care
Kalvodová, Jitka ; Janečková, Hana (advisor) ; Pěnkava, Pavel (referee)
The bachelor's thesis entitled USE OF THE FIELD SOCIAL EMERGENCY SERVICE is intended to find out how seniors, people with disabilities and people in direct danger of life are satisfied with the service offered and in what way the emergency care service affects their quality of life and how it helps their families. The theoretical part deals with the concept of quality of life and life satisfaction of seniors and people with disabilities with their specific needs. The practical part describes, in detail, the Social emergency service of Anděl Strážný, registered office in the Liberec region. It is based on the practical knowledge and experience of the author from the mentioned social service. It highlights the importance of thinking about every detail of the service provided, because even thesmallest detail of the individual setting of the service can decide to save human life The bachelor's thesis includes three case studies of clients, evaluation of their satisfaction with the offer of the emergency care service of Anděl Strážný. The results are compared with the outputs of other research projects in the Czech Republic.
The need of confidence and safety at selected pediatric departments
Hospitalization means a lot of changes for a child. A child does not feel well, is isolated from home, friends, and comes to a new unknown environment full of white coats, fear, and different illnesses. After coming to hospital, a child loses the feeling of safety and is afraid. Fulfilling the child´s needs of certainty and safety is crucial for the child´s healthy development that is why the thesis deals with this topic. The aim of the thesis is to map to what extend the needs of safety and certainty of children are fulfilled in chosen departments. The thesis aims to find out in what way the asked children adapt to the hospital environment and to map the nurses´ approach to the children in the context of fulfilling the needs of safety and certainty as well. In the theoretical part, classification of children´s needs is described and the needs of certainty and safety are characterized. This part deals with adaptation of a child to the hospital environment and cooperation with the family, the role of parents during child´s hospitalisation, and the issue of hospitalism. For the empirical part, qualitative research was chosen via a method of semi-structured interviews with hospitalized children and nurses. The research sample was created by 17 children of younger school age and 6 nurses in the same ratio from three children´s department of Motol University Hospital. When interviewing children, we were finding out how they feel at hospital, what they experience, if they have visitors, if they are not afraid, and how they are informed about the diagnosis, check-ups, and the length of hospitalization. We were interviewing nurses about ensuring the needs of certainty and safety, decreasing fear and pain, common hospitalization of parents and children, and preparation of children for check-ups. On the basis of the analysis of results, we made a conclusion that the needs of safety and certainty are fulfilled to a great extend at children. Children generally adapt to the hospital environment well. Nurses treat them with love and try to devote themselves to them, encourage them and substitute their parents if they are not hospitalized with them. We think, however, that they do no devote enough time to psychosocial anamnesis and that is why an adaptation questionnaire was created which will serve nurses after admitting a child to hospitalization.
The prevention of the extreme social exclusion
Aghová, Žaneta ; Krahulcová, Beáta (advisor) ; Nová, Monika (referee)
The Diploma thesis the Preventation of the extreme social exclusion is focused on the issue of the long-term homelessness. Using available literature it tries to find information explaining the consequences of the depressive life condition in the form of the extreme social exclusion and life without any home. Furthermore the thesis is focused on the homelessness as a multifactorial pathological phenomenon. The Diploma thesis is therefore focused on the specific terms, facts and consequences connected with the condition of the long-term homelessness. The theoretical part is concentrated on the study of the human needs based on the humanistic conception of a personality and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Moreover the text describes the methods of the help during the social work with the homeless people and introduces social services according to the monitoring of the needs of the people in the long- term social exclusion. Another part of the thesis is dedicated to the social services in the capital city Prague. The practical part is focused on the needs of the homeless people. The needs and the applicability of the available social services were inquired with the means of interviews, studies of the documentation and observing in the community of homeless people.
The life quality of patiens with the permanent cardiacstimulator
Sládková, Natálie ; Vaňková, Milena (advisor) ; Hladká, Petra (referee)
Background: The bachelor thesis deals with quality of life of patients with implanted pacemaker. After implantation of the pacemaker there are significant changes that affect the quality of life of patients. The theoretical part analyzes the issue of cardiostimulation, the area of quality of life is also devoted. Last but not least, the theoretical part is focused on the quality of life of patients with implanted pacemaker. Objectives: The main research goal is to map the quality of life of patients with an implanted pacemaker. On the basis of the main research goal, partial research goals are mapped, the patient's view of changes in psychic experience and the patient's view of his / her physical condition and functional status, as well as the opinion of the patient with an implanted pacemaker on his / her social area. Last but not least, they analyze how a patient with an implanted pacemaker evaluates education and information on cardiac stimulation. Methods: The research was conducted on the basis of a qualitative approach. Data collection was conducted using semi-structured interviews with six patients. The research sample was selected on a purposeful and random basis using the snowball method. The interviews were uploaded, overwritten, and then analyzed by open encoding. Results: Patients with...
The need to sleep with nurses
Janečková, Pavlína ; Marsová, Jana (advisor) ; Vyskočilová, Jana (referee)
Thesis deals with the need for sleep among nurses. It consists of two parts: theoretical and research. In the theoretical part I concentrate on physiology, classification and definition needs to sleep alone hierarchy of needs and the importance of sleep. I also deal with effects of sleep on bodily functions, factors affecting sleep, sleep duration among different age groups and a separate chapter with an overview of sleep disorders. On chapter fault I focused a little more detail because of the connection with the empirical part where I evaluated the most frequent disorder occurring in nurses in practice, the recommended solution physician or sleep duration required for sufficient rest. One chapter consists of recommendations in the form of sleep hygiene, which can lead to improved sleep habits. The empirical part consists of a quantitative research study conducted using pre-printed anonymous questionnaires. My research group consisted of single-shift nurses and multi-shift orthopedic, internal, surgical and pediatric ward of the hospital in Jablonec nad Nisou. Of the 120 questionnaires distributed, was eventually used to my job 104. Implementation of the survey took place from February 2015. The aim of this survey was to map quantitative frequently reported disorders and consequences associated...
Spiritual needs of clients of the Charity home
Ježková, Jiřina ; Mellanová, Alena (advisor) ; Brezíková, Eva (referee)
Abstract: The bachelor's thesis deals with the problems of spiritual needs of the religious sister living in the Charity home. The research was done in the form of an anonym questionnaire and a structured dialog. 59 respondents aged 72-97 were asked. They were divided into three groups: religious sisters living in the Charity home (28), religious sisters living in the convent (15), and senior-women living in the old people's home (16). The research confirmed the importance of spiritual needs in the sphere of practicing the faith for the religious sisters. Compared with the senior-women the religious sisters showed themselves to be more satisfied with the fulfillment of these needs.
Need of certainty and safeness at patients in gynecology and obstetrics
For security and safety, it is necessary to avoid risk and danger. They represent needs of trust, reliability, stability, freedom from fear, economical provision. It is necessary to divide need for security and safety in need of avoiding risk, preserving of health, trust, self-sufficiency, information and orientation, stimulations, property and possession accumulation, peace and tranquillity, hope and belief. Degree of feeling of security and safety affects the biological side of human organism. It is affecting functions of the individual organ systems by influencing the central nervous system. Insecurity works as a stressful factor and it affects the adaptation mechanism of the organism. Fear, anxiety, anger and grief belong among psychical reactions to dissatisfaction of safety need. Type and intensity of the reaction are always individual. The aim of this work was to find out, whether the needs of security and safety are satisfied for female patients in the gynaecological-maternity ward and which factors affect satisfaction of these needs. Two hypotheses were determined in the beginning. The first hypothesis says: Needs of security and safety of female patients in the gynaecological-maternity ward are satisfied. The second hypothesis was determined as follows: Approach of medical staff affects the satisfaction of needs of security and safety of female patients in the gynaecological-maternity ward. The first hypothesis was testified by the research {--} needs of security and safety of female patients in the gynaecological {--} maternity ward are satisfied. The second hypothesis was testified as well {--} the research proved that staff approach shares in the satisfaction of needs of security and safety. The research was realized by quantitative method by means of answer sheets, which I have chosen, because it enables to provide a huge number of empiric data in relatively short time period and also it enables for the questioned patients to be anonymous. The answer sheets were distributed in the standard wards: conservative gynaecology, peri-surgical gynaecology, risk gravidity and childbed in hospital České Budějovice a. s. during June in 2007. 86 filled-in answer sheets were processed in total. Work will be used within education at Jihočeská Univerzita and published in the internet.
Specification of nurses work with the desorientated client
The objective of my work was to find out how the client´ s disorientation changes the attitude of the nurse regarding the saturation of his needs. Another objective was to find out if the nurses are provided with enough information in the field of the saturation of needs of the disoriented client. I have made two hypotheses. Nursing care of a disoriented client makes higher demands on nurses (H1) and nurses do not have enough information in the field of saturation of needs of the disoriented client (H2). Based on the results H1 was confirmed, while H2 was not. The results show that the disorientation makes higher demands on nurses in the field of saturation of the disoriented client´ s needs in all respects while the communication with such clients did not prove difficult for nurses. The results further show that nurses are sufficiently familiar with this issue but the observations showed that some nurses do not satisfy these needs. In particular as far as are higher needs concerned.

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