National Repository of Grey Literature 85 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Populism and seniors: how the political thinking of the elderly is affected by online environment
Vincourová, Hana ; Gulda, Jana (advisor) ; Jirků, Jan (referee)
The current era, often labelled as the post-factual, post-true era or the era of the alternative facts, has impact on all age groups. However, it may occur as a problem predominantly for the generation of current seniors, who weren't used to information overflow and usage of new media from their youth or productive age. This bachelor thesis aims to capture, how the political preferences of the elderly are affected by disinformation in the online environment, and, whether seniors encounter political campaigns there. Further, the thesis has an effort to bring into the debate an expert insight, how possibly mitigate the disinformation effect in the case of seniors. The main part of this practical bachelor thesis is an audio format podcast. It combines interviews with several seniors and with three experts from different areas. Senior respondents share their own experiences from the online environment. The experts then more generally follow up the problematics contained in the seniors' testimonies and add the expertise. I chose Jaroslav Valůch, the media education activities coordinator from the organization Transitions, as an expert from the field of media literacy; former journalist and the author of the publication In the network of disinformation: why we believe in alternative facts Jiří Táborský...
Do less developed regions vote populistic parties? The case of Slovakia
Dusková, Natália ; Pertold-Gebicka, Barbara (advisor) ; Kotrč, Michal (referee)
Populism has been a widespread issue since the 20th century. Scientific work that has dealt with this political approach in the past is concentrated mainly on influential countries, whereas smaller countries do not receive much atten- tion. Therefore, we investigate the two Slovak latest parliamentary elections taking place in 2016 and 2020 using the data on the county level. As far as one of the Slovak problems are regional disparities, this paper aims to find the key characteristics of the counties that influence the support of populist parties voting. In the first place, we introduce the OLS estimation with the heteroskedasticity standard errors, given that heteroskedasticity is detected in most of our models by the Breusch-Pagan test. We find out a positive effect of unemployment and religious people on voting for populist parties. On the contrary, skilled workers and Hungarians minorities are opposed to voting for such parties. Furthermore, we merge the dataset to create two-period panel data and apply pooled analysis and first-differencing to examine the changes overthe years. However,wedonotrevealanysignificant changes between2016 and 2020. Keywords populism, populist political parties, vote share, voting behaviour, Slovakia, ordinary least squares method, pooled analysis, first-...
Contemporary populism in Europe
Senft, Matěj ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Thesis title: Contemporary populism in Europe This thesis maps the development of populism across Europe and investigates its manifestations and core elements in its complexity, which is the groundwork for analysis of populist party, movement or individual. Populism is not considered solely as the relieving strategy meant to maximize the voter's votes by comprehensible, straightforward and hardly feasible promises. Without this attitude in mind, we would hardly be able to put some reason behind the populist boom, which we had chance to witness during the last decade. Therefore this thesis considers populism as the ideological construct, the way politicians present themselves, the rhetorics, the mastered political style or the structure, which provides the foundations of programme documents of political movements and parties. It would be a mistake to a priori consider it as some kind of purely negative phenomenon, but more of as the reflection of various and continuously changing demands of European electorates. Desperation, which mainstream parties evoke in their voters, is toxic and continues to spread across all society classes. This creates a space for various populists to dominate. Thus while tracking their activities, specific kind of critical thinking is necessary, because populists...
Trump vs. Babiš: Comparative case study of populist leadership, communication,and party politics in the post-Gutenberg era
Húsková, Eva ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Fiřtová, Magdalena (referee)
The main purpose of this master thesis is to examine the concept of populism in the post- Gutenberg era. The research stems from a premise that the evolution of the political milieu and change of the media landscape implies a need for a different approach to analyzing populism. The decline of traditional political parties, the disappearance of political cleavages, and the personalization of politics precipitate the need to re-evaluate the debate about the right definition of populism. Based on a comparative case study of two leaders - Andrej Babiš and Donald Trump, this thesis examines how various theories of populism explain their behavior and tries to determine the most suitable option. Three definitions of populism are studied - populism as an ideology, populism as a discourse, and populism as a political style. While comparing political programs, discourse, and marketing strategies of both candidates, this thesis offers a complex insight into political campaigning on both sides of the Atlantic. At the same time, this research discusses the relationship between the concept of populism and personalized politics. These two concepts form a personalized leadership where the combination of populism and personality traits of the leader might influence the political programs, discourse, and marketing...
Right-wing and left-wing populism in the 2017 French presidential election
Klinková, Karolína ; Mejstřík, Martin (advisor) ; Tomalová, Eliška (referee)
The rise of populism is one of the most significant political phenomena of the last decade. Although populism has been studied from various perspectives, especially in recent years, there is still number of unresolved issues related to the phenomenon. One of them is a question of the relation between right-wing and left-wing populist policies. In this context, the thesis deals with the case of the 2017 French presidential election. In this vote, both right- wing populist Marine Le Pen and left-wing populist Jean-Luc Mélenchon achieved extraordinary political success. The thesis examines policy content of the selected thematic areas that the candidates were focusing on during the election campaign. It specifically examines electoral programs and media statements of the candidates as the sources of their policies. The thesis provides an analysis of the policy content of individual candidates, as well as a comparison of the policies in the selected thematic areas. Its main output is a description of the common and different features of the pre-election promises of the two selected populist politicians.
Eurosceptic Political Parties Faction in the European Parliament: constitution, form, political activity and changes in the context of the European Parliament elections 2019
Doležal, Tomáš ; Brunclík, Miloš (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
The thesis deals in the theoretical part with a presentation and comparison of views of political science on party-political euroscepticism, including a description of the development of the form of eurosceptic factions in the European Parliament after 2014 and political subjects associated in them. Practical part presents, analyzes and interprets the voting of these political entities in the election periods 2014-2019 and 2019-2024, especially in terms of their coherence within individual factions. Both in general (overall average coherence) and by individual thematic agendas. In its outputs, the work tries, based on the obtained data, to answer the question, what are the dominant common ideological characteristics of the eurosceptic political parties represented in the European Parliament and whether they form, or can form, a separate so-called party-political family. Keywords: Euroscepticism, European Union, European Parliament, factions, political parties, populism, elections Title: Eurosceptic Political Parties Factions in the European Parliament: constitution, form, political activity and changes in the context of the European Parliament elections 2019
Development and Electoral Success of Selected Populist Parties in the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom between 2010 and 2019
Marxová, Barbora ; Stracený, Josef (advisor) ; Samek, Tomáš (referee)
This diploma theses presented deals with the development and electoral success of chosen populist parties and movements in the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom, and a comparison of the electoral success in those countries. The thesis is focused on the period between 2010 and 2019, given that the year 2010 represents a turning point considering election results in both countries. The first part of the thesis presents theoretical background of the study of populism and different understandings of the concept. The minimal definition of populism is presented there, together with three fundamental actors of populism which are then used to identify individual populist parties. The second and the third part of this thesis deal with the situation in the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom, respectively. We identify populist political parties and movements which are active on nationwide level and which managed to gain substantial results in parliamentary elections in the country or in elections to the European Parliament. Each party is described in terms of its development and its activity in politics, and then its electoral success in important elections is assessed. Subsequently, relevant party materials are analyzed, such as manifestos, websites, and leaders' statements which show particular...
Creation and develepment of party PODEMOS from 2014 to 2020
Faltis, Tadeáš ; Stracený, Josef (advisor) ; Lánský, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis addresses the formation and evolution of the political party PODEMOS from 2014 until 2020. The main purpose is to present a balanced and integrated view of this Spain's leftist party. The whole thesis is divided into three parts. The first one, which is theoretical, provides a historical and political context of the party PODEMOS. The second part covers the formation, organization, funding sources and programmes of the party, paying special attention to the transformation from the civil movement (15M) to the organised party. The third part deals with the parliamentary terms between 2014 and 2019, dealing with development activities undertaken by the party and their election outcomes.
The Image of George Soros Conveyed by Selected Czech Politicians
Koblížková, Anna ; Shavit, Anna (advisor) ; Kubátová, Hana (referee)
This paper examines the discourse among Czech political actors on George Soros, an American billionaire and philanthropist. The work is divided into two parts, one being theoretical and the second applied. The former defines the theoretical foundations of the study, which are then used to interpret the results of the quantitative content analysis. Given the main objective of this paper - to demonstrate that the discourse relating to the figure of George Soros is in line with the interpretation of the ​New Populism theory - the theoretical section introduces the concept of populism and its chief problematics, and subsequently describes the main characteristics of the theory of New Populism by the British political scientist, Paul Taggart. A theoretical dataset was constructed on the basis of this interpretation of populism, which is then used as a research framework for the practical analysis. The second part of this paper opens with a description of the research methodology. This includes an explanation of the process used to select research subjects, to compile the dataset (data collection methodology and definition of the time period), and to formulate the function and its variables. The next segment of the second part of this paper deals with George Soros himself, or more precisely, the wider...

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