National Repository of Grey Literature 851 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Tumours in historical and social context in the modern period
Hrudka, Jan ; Komárek, Stanislav (advisor) ; Tinková, Daniela (referee) ; Stingl, Josef (referee)
Univerzita Karlova v Praze Přírodovědecká fakulta Studijní program: Filosofie a dějiny přírodních věd MUDr. Jan Hrudka Nádory v dějinném a kulturním kontextu v novověku Tumours in historical and social context in the modern period Disertační práce Školitel / Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Stanislav Komárek, Dr. Praha, 2017 SUMMARY: The PhD thesis called Tumours in historical and social context in the modern period is an attempt to describe a change of medical thinking in modern period; science and medicine turns from antique humoral pathology, explaining all diseases as an imbalance of the four body humours, to pathological anatomy and experimental physiology. In the point of view of pathological anatomy, the viscera of diseased person are no more "screen" or "mirror" of the disease, but it becomes directly the "stage" or "theatre" of the acting disease. This shift in the thought may be labelled as movement from humoralism to localism or ontologism; the disease isn't just abnormal amount of some natural juice any more, but becomes new original entity. This change undergoes the understanding of tumours and cancerous disease as well. Instead of antique understanding tumours as precipitates of black bile, the cell theory occurs in the 19th century. This theory explains tumours as a mass of cells undergoing excessive...
Determination of selenium and manganese in cerebrospinal fluid by atomic absorption spectrometry
Jiráková, Lucie ; Kotaška, Karel (advisor) ; Klapková, Eva (referee)
The aim of this study was to confirm the use of electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry for the determination of selenium and manganese in the cerebrospinal fluid and to investigate concentrations of selenium and manganese in selected group of patients. For selenium was determined the detection limit 2,9 μg/l, for manganese 0,26 μg/l. 73 patients were examined (31 women, 42 men) whose average age was 14,1 years. The patients were divided into two groups according to age (56 children, 17 adults) and into two subgroups according to diagnoses (oncological, neurological). The control group consists of 18 subjects (5 women, 13 men, average age 21,7 years) with non-oncological and non-neurological diagnoses. We found significantly increased selenium concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid in the control group, compared with the group with neurological diagnoses (median = 14,4 μg/l vs. 12,4 μg/l, p < 0.05). Elevated levels of manganese in cerebrospinal fluid was observed in a group of children with oncological diseases compared with control group (1,2 μg/l vs. 0,5 μg/l, p < 0.05). Determination of selenium and manganese in the cerebrospinal fluid may have diagnostic importance in selected groups of patients. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Nutritional recommendations during cancer chemotherapy
Balcarová, Kateřina ; Maruna, Pavel (advisor) ; Živný, Jan (referee)
This bachelor thesis investigated the nutritional recommendations during cancer chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine whether the side effects of chemotherapy affect the dietary intake of a cancer patient. Apart from that, several goals were set. Firstly, to determine the awareness of oncologic patients treated with chemotherapy about nutritional recommendations that could influence the side effects of this therapy. Secondly, to investigate whether they act in accordance with these nutritional recommendations and to detect the source which is commonly used. Finally, to summarize the information about cancer treatment focusing on chemotherapy, its side effects and nutritional recommendations for them. The research was conducted in the oncology department of the Jablonec nad Nisou Hospital lasting from January to February in 2021. The data were collected anonymously by the non-standardized questionnaire. This questionnaire was given to the patient in the outpatient clinic and collected the next day when the patient attended the treatment. The research group involved adult oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy within the last 3 months. The total research group contained 37 patients, 20 women and 17 men were involved. The research focused on the relationship between chemotherapy and...
Centre for Prevention, Masaryk Oncology Institute in Brno
Krejčí, Johana ; Adamson,, Krsitina Richter (referee) ; Sládeček, Svatopluk (advisor)
Diplomová práce zpracovává komplexní návrh nového Centra prevence rakoviny v areálu Masarykova onkologického ústavu na Žlutém kopci v Brně. První stavba svého druhu v České republice doplňuje současnou zástavbu nemocničního areálu. Koncepce navrženého souboru budov se zaměřuje na kontakt hranice nemocničního areálu s nově vznikající obytnou čtvrtí v této lokalitě. Návrh obsahuje jak samotné centrum prevence, lůžkové oddělení nebo protonové centrum, tak pronajímatelné prostory pro další služby široké veřejnosti.
Centre for Prevention, Masaryk Oncology Institute in Brno
Buzová, Magdaléna ; Kraus, David (referee) ; Galeová, Nicol (advisor)
The objective of the diploma thesis is the new building of Cancer Prevention Centre, first of its kind in the Czech Republic. The site is located on steep terrain of the south hillside of Žlutý kopec in Brno, which is a part of Masaryk Oncological Hospital complex. The aim of the Cancer Prevention Centre is to attract the citizens’ attention and invite them to undergo a preventive medical check-up with the potential to save hundreds of lives every year. The project takes this fact in consideration and strives to find ways leading not only towards establishing new relationship between the building and the public, but also towards connecting the city centre and nearby by residential area with the hospital complex. The three volumes of the buildings create a dynamic composition and therefore complete the characteristic development of Masaryk Oncological Centre. The main concept however revolves around the motive of instability, balance and journey which are all linked to tumour diseases.
Centre for Prevention, Masaryk Oncology Institute in Brno
Mikulová, Marie ; Adamson,, Kristina Richter (referee) ; Galeová, Nicol (advisor)
The project is a proposal of a new Center of prevention located in the Masaryk’s Oncology Institute in Brno. It includes the oncology center prevention itself, inpatient department for patients who attend radiation therapy and a proton therapy center. It is also supplemented by administration and rentable premises.
Centre for Prevention, Masaryk Oncology Institute in Brno
Lanžhotská, Klára ; Páterová, Kateřina (referee) ; Sládeček, Svatopluk (advisor)
Assignment of diploma thesis is a design of the Prevention center building and expansion of Radiation oncology clinic in Masaryk oncological institution in Brno. The newly build complex should contain aggregate facility for preventive examinations including screening section, advisory centers and center for proton therapy. Another components will also be an inpatient ward, personnel facilites, apartments for employees and rentable units. The purpose of creation of a new prevention center is an increase in capacity for carrying out prevention within commerical programme and also during taking care of people with increased risk of occurence of a malignant tumor.
Centre for Prevention, Masaryk Oncology Institute in Brno
Blechová, Lenka ; Machovský, Tomáš (referee) ; Sládeček, Svatopluk (advisor)
The subject of the diploma thesis is a project of Centre for Prevention and an extension of the Clinic of Radiational oncology on the edge of Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute in Brno. The project completes pavilions composition. It responses to the future development designed in nearest surrounding. The project creates a new public space with a view towards Brno and the Pálava area. The project also proposes a sequential building – the Prevention centre at first and the Proton centre later.

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