National Repository of Grey Literature 1,292 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
A Job Seeker and the Labour Office of the Czech Republic
Doušová, Jana ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Brádlerová, Libuše (referee) ; Štefko, Martin (referee)
A Job Seeker and the Labour Office of the Czech Republic Abstract The PhD thesis focuses primarily on the legal regulation of the Employment Act affecting the issue of job seekers within the activities of the Labour office, especially in the process of employment intermediation and in receiving unemployment benefits. The introductory theoretical interpretation of the fundamental social right guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms, i.e. the right to work, is followed by a treatise on unemployment and its development. A compact overview of this issue is given by a summary of the concept of employment policy in the Czech Republic and within the European Union and its state management within the Czech Republic. The main part of the thesis presents an analysis of individual provisions of the Employment Act from the practical point of view of the job seeker. It defines his rights and obligations starting by submitting an application for mediation of suitable employment to the Labor office register. These are discussed in detail in relation to the main instruments that the job seeker may encounter during registration, such as "appropriate employment", "serious reasons", "temporary incapacity to work", "non- conflicting employment", "illegal work", etc. The thesis contains a detailed analysis...
From Self-Selection to System Selection: Czech Vocational Education in Captivity of the Labor Market
Kotrbová, Monika ; Šanderová, Jadwiga (advisor) ; Tuček, Milan (referee)
The diploma thesis "From Self-Selection to System Selection: Czech Vocational Education in Captivity of the Labor Market" responds to current efforts to divert some students from graduation due to the unification of entrance and final examinations and stricter admission conditions, in a system that is characterized by a high relationship between social background and education, which also tends to strengthen. The thesis aims to identify and describe the main selective mechanisms and institutional barriers of the Czech education system through secondary data analysis, as a result of which students are systematically allocated to secondary vocational schools and subsequently to specific positions in the labour market, which are associated with economic and social instability. The main mechanisms identified by this paper are the distribution of educational opportunities through the differentiation of educational paths accompanied by young age selection of pupils, the associated emphasis on personal responsibility in choosing an educational path, which is highly determined due to conditionality by social origin, and the concept of entrance and final exams as high-stakes of standardized testing, which represents an insurmountable mental and factual barrier for pupils from disadvantaged backgrounds. The...
The Impact of Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund on Convergence: The Case of Slovak Districts
Kotrč, Michal ; Šťastná, Lenka (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
Do Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund contribute to the improvement of economic performance across Slovak districts? In order to answer the question this thesis explores the impact of EU funds invested within specific operational programmes over the programming periods 2007-2013 and 2014-2020 on the decrease in unemployment rate and on the increase in real wage and employment rate. Besides the standard panel data regression technique we also apply a spatial autoregressive model due to the presence of spillover effects between regions. This thesis thus goes beyond the existing literature on the evaluation of the impact of EU funds in Slovakia as it incorporates spatial effects in the analysis. In comparison with the results of the baseline fixed effects model, the estimated impact of EU funds in the spatial autoregressive model is smaller and in certain cases even negative. Hence the results raise doubts about the efficiency of EU funds. Furthermore, after including the spatial effects we find that the existence and significance of the economic convergence across Slovakia depends not only on the chosen economic indicator but also on the specification of regional units.
The Wage Curve and Regional Salary Differentials in the Czech Republic
Trubelík, Ivan ; Mysíková, Martina (advisor) ; Chytilová, Julie (referee)
The phenomenon of the Wage curve, discovered by Blanchflower and Oswald, has shown a remarkable persistence in time and across different countries. It relates the regional unemployment rate negatively to the absolute level of wages. This work examines the presence of the wage curve in the Czech Republic by two different models using district level data. A panel model is constructed for 2008-2017 and a cross-sectional model with additional control variables is specified for 2011. The data on average wage in this work are related to specific employees with multiple sources of income. The wage curve is then found with a coefficient of -0.42 for the longitudinal analysis and -0.78 for isolated cross- section. However, after including fixed regional effects in the panel model, the wage-unemployment elasticity diminishes to zero. The other part of this work studies the convergence in the Czech Republic district wage levels. By means of σ and β convergence indicators, it is concluded that the wages converged in the period of 2008-2017, with a faster rate in years 2013-2017. JEL Classification J22, J31, J51, R15 Keywords Wage curve, Unemployment, Regional wage, Czech Republic, Labor economics, Wage conver- gence Title The Wage Curve and Regional Salary Differen- tials in the Czech Republic Author's e-mail...
Faktory ovlivňující nezaměstnanost ve Zlínském kraji
Škodáková, Miroslava
This bachelor thesis is dealing with problems of unemployment and identification of main and side factors which affect the unemployment in Zlín Region. Negative economic and demographic factors of unemployment presented in this thesis are based on the literature. These factors are identified by studies, articles and situation analysis. The econometric methods are described in the Methods chapter. These methods were used in constructing of multidimensional regressive model and in analysis of time series for the unemployment prediction. Conclusions are summarized and compared with results of professional articles, studies and literature.
Velikost veřejného sektoru a ovlivňující faktory
Parolková, Lucie
The bachelor thesis is focused on the size of the public sector in selected years and the factors that influence it. The thesis is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part defines and characterizes concepts such as public finances, public administration, budget system, revenues and expenditures and factors influencing the size of the public sector. The second part of the thesis contains the development of factors influencing the size of the public sector. The size of the public sector for the selected period is described after characterization of factors influencing the public sector. At the end of the thesis, the factors influencing the public sector and the size of the public sector are compared.
Vplyv minimálnej mzdy na nezamestnanosť v jednotlivých krajoch na Slovensku
Mergeš, Michal
The bachelor thesis deals with the evergreen topic which is an impact of minimum wage on unemployment. This effect is investigated in Slovak economic conditions. On the basis of a professional literature the theoretical part defines impact of minimum wage, pros and cons of minimum wage and experience of states with minimum wage. In the main part of thesis an impact of minimum wage on unemployment in regions of Slovakia is examined by force of regression analysis. Data are gathered up on the regions level and evaluated by econometric program Gretl. The gained results are summarized and evaluated. The recommendations for further development of minimum wage are defined in the conclusion on the basis of gained results.
The unemployment of age category 55+ in the EU labour market
Lietavcová, Barbora
The diploma thesis is focused on the participation of older workers in the labour market of the European Union. Older people might be many times challenged by several obstacles or tougher employment conditions, compared to younger genera-tions. The objective of the diploma thesis is to recognize the dependence of the unemployment of age category 55-64 upon selected explanatory variables. At the beginning, theoretical reviews are presented. The multiple linear regression analy-sis is the main method used in the thesis. The model and its parameters are esti-mated by the Ordinary Least Squares method, and their statistical significance is further tested. There are several statistical tests and graphical outputs that are used for testing whether the estimated model meets all seven classical assump-tions.
Komparácia vývoja nezamestnanosti v jednotlivých krajoch Českej republiky
Kucharovicová, Zuzana
Kucharovicová, Z. The comparison of unemployment trends in the regions of the Czech Republic. Bachelor thesis. Brno: Mendel University, 2017. This bachelor thesis examines unemployment trends in the regions of the Czech Republic for the period of 2010 to 2015 and provides the comparison of these trends. Three regions - South Moravian Region, Karlovy Vary Region and Moravian-Silesian Region - have been chosen for this purpose. The indicator of unemployment called the percentage of unemployed persons has been used for this study. Time series of this indicator are analysed by using the additive decomposi-tion of time series and regression analysis. Based on this study, unemployment trends in the chosen regions are apparently identical to each other. Nevertheless, there are some regional disparities which result in diverse unemployment.
Phillipsova křivka v zemích V4
Krejčová, Michaela
This diploma thesis deals with determination of the relationship between unemployment and inflation using regression analysis in V4 countries. Four models are tested. The first model is a simple model of the Phillips curve that examines the relationship between inverse unemployment and inflation. Two other models deal with the relationship between unemployment and inflation expectations. The latter model addresses the relationship between cyclical unemployment and unexpected inflation. This work also includes calculating the natural rate of unemployment and determining the standard deviation using the Delta method. This work also deals with cyclical unemployment and the presentation of supply shocks for the V4 countries.

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