National Repository of Grey Literature 322 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Reservations to international human rights treaties
Machoňová Schellongová, Ivana ; Šturma, Pavel (advisor) ; Hofmannová, Mahulena (referee) ; Válek, Petr (referee)
1 Reservations to international human rights treaties Abstract Reservations to human rights treaties have been focus of theory and practice of international law for many years. While the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Reservations to the Genocide Convention and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties set key parameters for making reservations to international treaties, in particular criteria of compatibility of reservations with the object and purpose of a treaty, many questions remained unanswered. A question whether the regime of the Vienna Convention of the Law of Treaties is appropriate for international human rights treaties, due to the special character of the later, raised to heated debates. Authority of treaty bodies, e.g. committees monitoring implementation of these treaties by their States parties, to decide upon compatibility of reservations with object and purpose of these treaties and consequences of such decision, has been discussed. In the meantime, the treaty bodies, as well as the regional courts, developed a rich jurisprudence in this respect. Finally, the International Law Commission analysed the issue of reservation thoroughly over 18 years, leading to adoption of the Guide to Practice on Reservations to Treaties (2011) clarifying most of the...
The media image of colapsed Bangladesh textil factory in april 2013 and analysis of way czech media inform about textil industry in developing countries before and after this event
Lešková, Veronika ; Hronová, Tereza (advisor) ; Macků, Lucie (referee)
In April 2013 in Bangladesh building with five textile factories in which 1,129 people died, collapsed. A period of two months followed by when the media reported on violations of human and labor rights more than for the whole period of eight years before followed. The aim of this work is media image of human rights shown on the largest textile disaster in April 2013. The aim is to describe the media construct of human rights in the Czech serious media and their Internet sites. The solution I used is a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis and analytical part is divided into two periods. The first part of the analysis focuses on the period of one year after the collapse of the factory, the second part analyzes the period from January 2005. I managed to describe how the Czech serious long-term media ignore human rights themes and focuses only to the news reporting.
Involvement of the People's Republic of China in Africa
Svobodová, Petra ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Karásek, Tomáš (referee)
Diploma thesis "Involvement of the People's Republic of China in Africa' deals with the evolution of China-Africa cooperation in the three specified time periods. Mainly it deals with the time period of the last nearly sixty years. This time period was subsequently divided into the period of the Cold War, 1990s and the last period is representing the year 2000 up to the present. Even though the diploma thesis deals with the African continent as a whole unit, the special emphasis was put on the four specific countries - namely Angola, Nigeria, Sudan and Zimbabwe. It analyses how the mutual cooperation has changed during these three different time periods and what has been the main components of China-Africa relationship. Primarily cooperation in the economic (foreign direct investments, foreign aid, balance of trade etc.), the political, but also the military sphere is analysed. The emphasis is also put on the Chinese status of a genuine alternative to the Western donor block, especially its policy of non- interference and aid without conditions. Diploma thesis also briefly touches on the approach of the traditional Western countries towards Africa (Washington versus Beijing Consensus). Positive and negative sides of mutual cooperation is also discussed.
Institute or field services?
Kavalírová, Olga ; Tomášková, Vladimíra (advisor) ; Čabanová, Bohumila (referee)
This diploma thesis, "Institute or field services?", deals with the topic of social services for people with intellectual disabilities. It focuses on the analysis of various types of social services - field, outpatient and residential services - due to the specific needs of different clients with intellectual disabilities. The aim of the thesis is to determine the structure of clients in residential institutions for people with intellectual disabilities and to identify factors on which families choose to use specific social services and determine the views of stakeholders in the field of social services on the benefits and limits of those types of services for people with intellectual disabilities. The issue of social services is assessed through the theoretical concept of rights of people with intellectual disabilities and the concept of de-institutionalization of social services. As a research method the questionnaire was used for providers of residential services in the capital city of Prague and interviews with various stakeholders in the field of services for people with intellectual disabilities. The conclusion discusses the most important issues in the care of people with intellectual disabilities and specific recommendations for improving the issue.
International terrorism and human rights
Gurská, Zuzana ; Šturma, Pavel (advisor) ; Bílková, Veronika (referee)
Summary: International Terrorism and Human Rights Key words: international terrorism, antiterrorist measures, human rights First part of the thesis is centered on characteristics of international terrorism, concept of human rights and three aspects of their mutual relationship: the immediate impact of terrorist attacks on human rights of their direct victims and the society as a whole and aspects linked to the states' response consisting of human rights breaches of suspects during repressive measures and curtailing the rights and freedoms of us all during preventive measures. Many states have tighten their current antiterrorist measures, introduced new ones and strengthened the powers of military and law enforcement at the expense of internationally guaranteed human rights and fundamental freedoms, argumenting with the need of neccessary trade-off between personal rights and freedoms and national security. Nevertheless, there are flexible institutes imbedded into international law that allow for realization of represive and preventive measures whithout compromising the guaranteed human rights. Secong part is devoted to these flexible institutes, namely limitation and derogation of human rights. Listed are necessary conditions of their implementation, in case of limitation of human rights the adherance to the...
Collective Actions of the UN Security Council for Protection of Human Rights
Chrtová, Michaela ; Bílková, Veronika (advisor) ; Honusková, Věra (referee)
This thesis Collective Actions of the UN Security Council for the Protection of Human Rights deals with, as the title suggests, collective actions for the protection of human rights with the mandate of the UN Security Council. The thesis is divided into an introduction, conclusion, and four chapters. In the first chapter, the system of human rights protection is described, as it was set up within the newly-formed United Nations after World War II. This chapter also deals with collective actions of the UN Security Council, with or without the use of force, on a theoretical level, e.g. their authorization and possibility of measures that can be taken within the UN system against the perpetrator. Second chapter deals with examples of collective actions of the UN Security Council during the Cold War period. In this era, collective actions of the UN Security Council were authorized only twice, in case of South Africa as a reaction to their policy of apartheid, and in case of South Rhodesia as a reaction to the unilateral declaration of independence by the white minority government. Both cases are described in the chapter. The following chapter describes the development of human rights theories after the end of Cold War. With the end of the bipolar system, there is a shift in the perception of human...
Reflection of the referendum and change of the constitution in Belarus 2004 in the Czech press
Drahovzalová, Michala ; Příhoda, Marek (advisor) ; Tumis, Stanislav (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the referendum and constitutional change in Belarus in 2004 and the response of these events in the Czech press. The first part is theoretical, trying to define the form of the current political regime of Lukashenka's Belarus. The second part chronologically charts the political development in the country. This chapter covers the period shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the events of the nineties and the turn of the century followed by the discussed referendum and constitutional change. The third part provides an analysis of the Czech press - selected newspapers, socio-political magazines and professional journals - with an emphasis on their response to the referendum and related events.
Death penalty and the waiver of the right to life by committing an extremely serious crime
Neradová, Kateřina ; Bílková, Veronika (advisor) ; Ondřej, Jan (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to define, what is the position of right to life in the system of protection of human rights and whether is the death penalty a justifiable institute in international human rights law. The thesis focuses on the death penalty and its history in connection with the right to life as an inherent human right. It explores the conventions, protocols and resolutions that are related to the matter. The thesis is divided into seven chapters, whereas first of them is introduction, where the author asks questions about vindicability of the capital punishment. That is followed by a brief history of the death penalty and explanation of the purpose of the punishment. Following chapter looks into a view of international society on the death penalty, summing up views of international governmental organizations, as well as non- governmental. Fundamental part of the thesis is a chapter disserting on the right to life, its history, where we can find right to life in international law, interpretation of right to life and case law. Last chapter deals with an issue of a crime as an act of forfeiting the right to life. The analysis consists of criticizing the conclusions made in the course of the thesis and propositions of further possibilities.
Possibilities and limits of sheltered living in context of lite adult clients with intellectual disability
Nedomlelová, Veronika ; Mužáková, Monika (advisor) ; Šiška, Jan (referee)
This thesis builds on the bachelor thesis Preparation of persons with intellectual disability for sheltered living, in which I dealt with three clients of a particular social service provider - Tereza, who were about to go into sheltered living or who lived there for a short time. Two of these clients and one new client of sheltered living were for the purpose of this thesis put under long time surveillance. The thesis is divided in two parts, theoretical and practical. Theoretical part deals in detail with an adult person with intellectual disability, family of such an adult, rights and quality of life of people with intellectual disability. Further, I deal with the process of deinstitutionalization. The practical part is dedicated to Tereza, a provider of social services, its sheltered living and three clients already mentioned. The aim of this study was to determine what for advantages and possibilities living in sheltered living has, eventually what restrictions it brings. By describing the specific situation I tried to show what life in sheltered living provides to these clients, if there are any problematic situations and as subsequently affect their current lives. Keywords: Adult with intellectual disability, quality of life, adult rights, deinstitutionalization, sheltered living,...
Development of the relationship between human rights and environmental protection
Janebová, Barbora ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee)
The subject of this master thesis deals with development of the relationship between protection of the environment and human rights, which this relationship has undergone in selected regional human rights systems. Thesis describes two main approaches to the relationship. Main objective of the thesis is to provide a comprehensible explanation of this relationship in particular through case law of the relevant international institutions. Thesis sequentially covers development in European, American and African regional human rights systems and also the development of access to justice in these systems.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 322 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.