National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Special types of judgments in civil procedure
Gulová, Andrea ; Sedláček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Frintová, Dita (referee)
Special types of judgments in civil procedure Abstract The goal of my rigorous work is to further examine the special types of judgments in civil procedure, that include judgment by default and judgment by acknowledgement, to evaluate the current legislation of these judgments and to consider possible legislation from a de lege ferenda point of view. The first part of the work shows the reader the basic features of both judgments and their differences from other judgments, as well as with both of these judgments on a generic level. The second part captures the historical development of a judgment by default and a judgment for acknowledgement from the oldest legislation to the current legislation. The main third part is devoted to the judgment by default. The first chapter and its subchapters analyze in detail the individual preconditions for issuing a judgment by default, which are the default of the defendant, service of the application, service of the summons, instruction on the consequences of default, absence of reasonable and timely apology, first hearing in the case, proposal of the plaintiff, admissibility, lack of conditions for a judgment for acknowledgement and judicial discretion. The second chapter then focuses on the excusable reasons of default and also touches on the relationship between an...
The procedures of public administration in the area of state aid
Koutná, Martina ; Kopecký, Martin (advisor) ; Pomahač, Richard (referee)
Thesis on the topic: The procedures of public administration in the area of state aid Author: Martina Koutná The main aim of this thesis on the topic "The procedures of public administration in the area of state aid" is to analyze the issue of investment incentives in the Czech Republic from the perspective of the state aid rules and the reasons for this regulation. The main attention is paid to the system of investment incentives based on Act on Investment Incentives in the context of the general problems of state aid. The work focuses on the application of the Administrative Code on the investment incentives and analyzes the process of public administration in providing subsidies on the basis of budget rules. The aim is to analyze the diametrically different approaches and to point out key differences. In particular, that the Administrative Code is applicable to the process of providing investment incentives and the process is subject to judicial review. While in the case of subsidies, on the basis of budget rules, neither administrative procedure nor judicial review is possible. In connection with the provision of subsidies " anti-corruption amendment" to the budget rules is critically assessed and the author refers attention to its unconstitutionality. Among other things, the thesis points out...
Codification of the Rules of Diplomatic Protection
Špaček, Metod ; Šturma, Pavel (advisor) ; Ondřej, Jan (referee) ; Šmíd, Marek (referee)
This thesis deals with one of the modern topics of international law - diplomatic protection. It provides for its comprehensive assessment from a wider and deeper perspective on the background of the codification process, which culminated in 2006, when the International Law Commission (ILC) adopted 19 Draft Articles on Diplomatic Protection. In the current state of international law, diplomatic protection is based on customary international law. It is an instrument to protect nationals (be it a natural or legal person) by their state of nationality, if they injured by another (host) state in violation of international law. Under the current definition, diplomatic protection means the invocation (through peaceful means) by a state of the responsibility of another state for an injury caused to a national by an internationally wrongful act of that another state. The aim of diplomatic protection is to implement this responsibility. The application and exercise of diplomatic protection is considered to be a sovereign, discretional right of the state, although the thesis points out the some recent developments in international law towards the need to recognize the rights and interests of the individual, as well as the constitutional practice of some states guaranteeing its citizens a (domestic) right to...

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