National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Prediction of future air quality
Roháček, Adam ; Sekora, Jiří (referee) ; Čmiel, Vratislav (advisor)
This thesis explores the prediction of future air quality as a critical aspect of environmental health and sustainable development. With the increasing concerns over air pollution and its detrimental effects on human health and the environment, there is a growing need for accurate forecasting techniques to anticipate and mitigate potential air quality issues. This thesis introduces the reader to the topic of air pollution, describes the usage of prediction algorithms and evaluates quality of the own algorithm.
Spatio-temporal distribution of atmospheric aerosol in urban and rural environment
Bendl, Jan
Air quality in Europe remains a significant environmental concern, affecting the health and quality of life of its population. While stationary network ambient air quality monitoring allows for the observation of main trends, it is not fully representative of personal exposure of citizens due to high spatio-temporal variability of atmospheric aerosol. Therefore, highly time-and- space resolved measurements with state-of-the-art instruments and methods are needed to observe the aerosol variability, dynamics, identify hot-spots, and pollution sources, which are necessary for successful targeted mitigation measures. This thesis addresses this gap focusing on the characterization of spatio-temporal distribution of atmospheric aerosol in inhabited environments. Novel mobile measurement systems were developed and employed to investigate diverse environments, including rural, urban and suburban area. Aerosol source-apportionment were conducted, and the toxicological effects associated with these environments were also investigated. A novel mobile measurement system was developed for personal exposure measurements and pollution mapping in urban and rural environments. The system was used to measure air quality in the Munich subway, revealing high aerosol dynamics with significantly higher concentrations of...
Design of the methodology of measurement for evaluation of filtration efficiency of portable air cleaners and purifiers
Dvořáková, Michaela ; Bělka, Miloslav (referee) ; Lízal, František (advisor)
This work focuses on the research and comparison of several types of air purifiers. It clarifies the principles of filtration and describes the basic types of air purifiers. Part of this work is designed methodology of measurement for comparison of filtration efficiency and filtration rate. The experimental part of this work contains the measurement and comparison made for two types of air purifiers. Selected purifiers were De’Longhi AC230 with mechanical filters and ionic air purifier Ionic-CARE Triton X6. Within the framework of this work an experimental set-up was constructed in the home environment for the simulation of real conditions for the function of the air purifiers. The measurement results provide information about aerosol number concentration process during the measurements and evaluation of filtration efficiency of air purifiers.
Low-cost sensors for measurement of particulate matter
Dvořáková, Michaela ; Pokorný, Jan (referee) ; Lízal, František (advisor)
This work focuses on the research and comparison of several types of low-cost sensors for measurement of particulate matter. It clarifies the principles of aerosol particles measurement and focuses on the reasons of using low-cost sensors. It provides basic information about the impact of aerosols on human health. The experimental part of this work compares quality of the obtained results considering the price of the respective devices.
Weather station with air quality measurement
Lacina, Jaroslav ; Hájek, Jaroslav (referee) ; Lattenberg, Ivo (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the design and implementation of the wireless weather station with air quality measurement. At the beginning of the theoretical part, meteorology will be analysed. Afterwards, this work describes physical principles and the method of measurement of physical quantities that are measured by the meteostation. Next is the folloving technology described - Internet of things. The weather station is powered by a single battery and operates autonomously without any user intervention. It measures temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, CO2 and tVOC. Measured data are saved in to the cloud service ThingSpeak using a GSM signal. Further the work focuses on creation of web applications. The well organized graphs are created from the measured values.
The technique of smart school buildings
Drábková, Helena ; Mauder, Tomáš (referee) ; Štětina, Josef (advisor)
This bachelor‘s thesis briefly discusses about regulation of energy consumption in buildings with specialization on building intelligent systems and its application at schools. It briefly characterizes regulation of heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and lighting and its integration into centralized control component. Thesis discusses about systems from a few producers, short description of economic operation, a vision of these systems into the future and examples of implemented installations.
Smart Nightstand Device
Vávra, Jan ; Žák, Jaromír (referee) ; Macháň, Ladislav (advisor)
Master’s thesis describes design of smart nightstand device. Aim of this system is to monitor and recognize stages of sleep with subsequent transfer of the data to alarm clock to provide the most comfortable awakening. The alarm clock is backed up by batteries. The system controls parameters of surrounding environment using advanced sensors. The device is equipped with a removable light part which is backed up by power supply for illumination during a potential power outage. A pad for wireless charging with standard Qi is also part of this system.
Monitoring of air quality in the Ostrava industrial agglomeration
Krejčí, Blanka ; Dombek,, Václav (referee) ; Holoubek,, Ivan (referee) ; Čáslavský, Josef (advisor)
Presented thesis deals with the evaluation of air quality in Ostrava industrial area, especially with regard to highly concentrated suspended particles and sorbed on them toxic polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Their above-limit concentrations are the main cause of negative effects on the health of humans and other organisms in one of the most outstanding European "hot- spot"regions, in the industrial agglomeration of Ostrava. The first part of the work is devoted to the evaluation of pollutant concentrations and contributions of identified types of air pollution sources in the wider influence area of a large industrial source in the Ostrava region. It was confirmed the concentrations of all pollutants show very significant inter-seasonal differences between the warm and cold parts of the year. The measured concentrations of PAHs in the cold season were 3 to 5 times higher than in the warm season. Less pronounced differences in concentration levels were seen between day and night samples. The air-pollution load was highest at the Radvanice site, compared to Vratimov and the background area of Poruba. The pollution caused by suspended particles originating from the emissions of the industrial complex in the annual scale contributes significantly to the resulting air quality image on the site, but is not an exclusive source. Other identified sources of the contributions to the PM2.5 concentrations are regional sources and operating seasonally sources (local heating). The second part of the thesis is an assessment of the character and regularities of air mass transmission in the ground-level layer of the troposphere in the Czech-Polish border area, as regional and long-range pollution transport plays a significant role, manifested in the resulting reduced air quality. The contribution of cross-border pollution sources is an important component of often alarming concentrations of atmospheric pollutants, especially during winter smog situations. It was shown within the northeast steady flow is dominated by the shift of higher concentrations of suspended particles from Poland to the Czech Republic. On the other hand, with the opposite prevailing direction of steady flow, particle concentrations on the Polish side of the territory are not increasing dramatically. At least half the year there are situations with variable wind direction, or low flow velocities during which the entire area on both sides of the border there are maximum concentrations of particles, including sorbed polyaromatics with the most serious health effects.
State of the art in the field of industrial waste gas cleaning
Kudela, Petr ; Jecha, David (referee) ; Brummer, Vladimír (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of cleaning of industrial waste gases. The legislation background of environmental protection, the role of BREF and current situation in the field of emission limits in the light of legislation of the Czech republic and the European union is described in the first part. Further the thesis displays short overview of the industrial waste gases cleaning technologies and the particular example of the evolution of emission limits is given. In the conclusion of the thesis there are the future planned changes of the BREFs shown and the gained knowledge is summarized.
Spatio-temporal distribution of atmospheric aerosol in urban and rural environment
Bendl, Jan ; Hovorka, Jan (advisor) ; Mikuška, Pavel (referee) ; Vojtíšek, Michal (referee)
Air quality in Europe remains a significant environmental concern, affecting the health and quality of life of its population. While stationary network ambient air quality monitoring allows for the observation of main trends, it is not fully representative of personal exposure of citizens due to high spatio-temporal variability of atmospheric aerosol. Therefore, highly time-and- space resolved measurements with state-of-the-art instruments and methods are needed to observe the aerosol variability, dynamics, identify hot-spots, and pollution sources, which are necessary for successful targeted mitigation measures. This thesis addresses this gap focusing on the characterization of spatio-temporal distribution of atmospheric aerosol in inhabited environments. Novel mobile measurement systems were developed and employed to investigate diverse environments, including rural, urban and suburban area. Aerosol source-apportionment were conducted, and the toxicological effects associated with these environments were also investigated. A novel mobile measurement system was developed for personal exposure measurements and pollution mapping in urban and rural environments. The system was used to measure air quality in the Munich subway, revealing high aerosol dynamics with significantly higher concentrations of...

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