National Repository of Grey Literature 28 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
A History of Criminal Law in the Czech Lands in 1848-1989
Jablonický, Tomáš ; Kuklík, Jan (referee)
1 Summary Dissertation builds an objective, transparent, systematic and yet concise interpretation of the history of criminal law in the Czech lands in 1848-1989. The aim of this work is, however, not only to chronologically present the most important criminal codes, but also to tell a parallel story of criminal law science and criminology, which to a bigger or lesser degree substantially influenced the development of criminal law and criminal legislation. Therefore, this work also includes biographical and bibliographical profiles of leading Czech educators, criminal law scientists and criminologists - the founders and pioneers of Czech and Czechoslovak criminal law science, whose lives have been closely linked with the complicated socio-political events of the given historical period. History of criminal law shows a strong interconnection of criminal law and policy, which consequently causes the criminal law without proper criminal law science and criminology to be the most politically affected branch of law. For this dissertation is symptomatic the search for critical causes and factors that lead to progress or, on the contrary, to the decline of criminal law. In such moments, the criminal law science and criminology emerge again, naturally and clearly, from a scientific analysis of historical events of...
Criminal-law treatment of fraudulent conduct
Doseděl, Marek ; Heranová, Simona (advisor) ; Tejnská, Katarína (referee)
Criminal-law treatment of fraudulent conduct Abstract The Act No. 40/2009 Coll., the Criminal Code, effective as of the date of this thesis, penalizes one's behavior fulfilling the criminal signs of a fraud (Section 209 of the Act) and its special variations, such as insurance fraud (Section 210 of the Act), loan fraud (Section 211 of the Act) and subsidy fraud (Section 212 of the Act). This means that four separate criminal offences are penalizing fraudulent delinquency under the Czech legislation. Laws penalizing fraudulent delinquency have developed rapidly over the post- revolutionary era and reflected new social and political environment. It was mainly the lack of ability to punish all fraudulent actions by applying the so called general fraud provisions (nowadays Section 209 of the Act) which served as the initial power motivating legislators to pass an amendment containing provisions regarding the three abovementioned criminal offences that are penalizing fraudulent behavior relating to insurance, loans and subsidies. This action taken by the legislators is generally perceived as suitable since, as mainly demonstrated in the nineties of the twentieth century, fraudulent criminality has broad-reaching effects impacting the country's economics and the society's trust in the rule of law. Legal theory...
The Issue of an Offender's Personality in Criminology
Jansová, Agáta ; Marešová, Alena (advisor) ; Zoubková, Ivana (referee)
Topic of this thesis is The Issue of an Offender's personality. The main purpose of this thesis is introduction of criminology terms and theories. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the personality of the offender and with risk factors, which may have impact on criminal behaviour. The end of this thesis is devoted to violent criminality and murders. First chapter describes essential terms of this thesis like subject and aims of criminology, offender in criminal law and criminology and human personality in general. Most of the criminological theories try to deals with personality of the offender. They study personality of the offender and risk factors from different views, especially with help from biology, psychology, sociology or all of them. Most of these theories try to find a difference between offenders and non-deviant persons. The third chapter of this thesis is very important because it deals with personality of the offender and particular risk factors which may cause behaviour disorders or criminal behaviour. Knowledge about offender is helpful for investigation of the crime or criminal policy. In last chapters are described violent crimes, murders and their offenders. It is hard to describe general personality of murderer, because these offenders have a different motivation to commit this...
Economic crime and its prevention
Trešlová, Johana ; Zoubková, Ivana (advisor) ; Marešová, Alena (referee)
The main purpose of this thesis is to define the term "economic criminality" and the terms related; the role of economic crime within the legal doctrine itself as well as in the Czech legal system over the course of time; determining the specifics of economic crime while stressing the role of the offender, efficiency of punishment, control and prevention of this type of crime. This thesis consists of four chapters. The first part is dedicated to the definition of crucial terms on the national and international level. I also described the legislative evolution of economic crime and the protection of possession in the Czech legal system. I listed economic crimes de lege lata, while at the same time remembering the crimes that do not fall under the economic crimes section per se. Later on, I comment on some particular attributes of economic criminality with special focus on the profile of the perpetrator which is rather atypical. This fact unfortunately makes the efforts of the law enforcement authorities so much more difficult and it complicates their work especially towards construction of the adequate preventive measures etc. I also dedicate one section to the topic of corporate criminal liability which has a strong connection to the economic crime. The victims of economic crime find themselves in...
Criminal and criminological aspects of stalking
Daniel, Tomáš ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Title Criminal and criminological aspects of stalking Abstract Submitted rigorous thesis deals with the modern phenomenom of stalking. The aim of this academic paper is to present this issue comprehensively from both criminal and criminological aspects. This rigorous thesis consists of 16 chapters. These chapters can be divided into two large parts - criminal and criminological. Research of the problematics of stalking have got a rich tradition in foreign professional literature, we can find there also some empirical research studies. Furthermore, there are countries that haveissued relevant anti- stalking regulations already in the 90's of the 20th Century. On the contrary, in the Czech Republic, stalking was included as a part of Force of New Offence under the Czech Criminal Code no. 40/2009only in 2010. In criminological part of this rigorous thesis I apply general knowledge from forensic psychology, psychiatry, sociology and other social sciences. Moreover, I illustrate the cases on real-life examples. First chapters are dedicated to present all key characteristic features of stalking, its historical context and to cover the selected empirical reasearches about this complex issue. Furthermore, I analyse some aspects of stalking where science examination does not pay attetion. I study the causesbehind...
Terrorism - criminological aspects
Šumová, Barbora ; Kopečný, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Terrorism - criminological aspects Abstract The author deals with the term of terrorism and its criminological aspects. First, the definition of terrorism is defined, and then the readers are given a look into the history of this phenomenon. In accordance with the negative definition of this problem, the difference between the phenomenon of terrorism and extremism, organized crime or guerilla is described. The thesis also describes legal regulations in the Czech Republic and the United States of America as well as the potential risks for future development in the Czech area. In the key part of the work, the author deals with individual criminological aspects. The perpetrator of terrorism, both an individual and a terrorist organization, is approached on examples and through scientific studies. Then, the most frequent motives and causes of radicalization of these offenders are mentioned. The analysis of these factors is described from a psychological and sociological point of view. Part of the thesis is also devoted to the victims of this crime, both material and financial support, and the syndromes the survivors can face after the attack. At the end of the main part the different forms of terrorist attacks are described, focusing on bomb attack and hostage holding or kidnapping. And the conclusion of this...
Corporate criminal liability and its criminological aspects
Náhlovská, Lenka ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
This thesis deals with the topic of corporate criminal liability and its criminological aspects. When adopting a law, it is necessary to examine its impact on the society as well as the individual. However, the Czech Act No. 148/2011 Sb. on Corporate Criminal Liability was adopted, above all, because of the pressure exerted by European law. That is possibly the reason why there has never been, until now, much focus on the criminological aspects of corporate crime or the prevention of corporate crime. It follows that the elaboration of this kind of thesis is imperative. The first chapter of this thesis addresses the historical concept of white-collar criminality which was developed by one of the greatest criminologists of the 20th century - Edwin H. Sutherland. After exploring his work, and works of his followers, the author of this thesis aims to summarize the main characteristics of corporate criminality. In addition, the first chapter specifies the focus and the individual sections of this thesis. The second chapter is concerned with the etiology of corporate criminality, i.e. with the reasons why corporations commit crime at all. In this part of the thesis, the author analyses the data on corporate criminality collected abroad, nevertheless, the main focus is on the data coming from the Czech...
The crimes of fraud, insurance fraud, credit fraud and subsidy fraud as regulated by sections 209 to 212 of Penal Code
Boháček, Patrick ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
This thesis complexly describes the crimes of fraud, insurance fraud, credit fraud and subsidy fraud as regulated by sections 209 to 212 of Act No. 40/2009 Coll. Penal Code. First the historical development of these crimes is described, both from the view of legislation and criminology. Further, the sources of the legislative regulation of these crimes are defined. Since fraud belongs in the category of property crimes, these are also discussed collectivelly, with emphasis on the individual common elements of the above-mentioned crimes. The above-mentioned crimes are each individually described with respect to their individual elements including the description of eventual problematic elements of the current legislation. In case of the special elements of these crimes the legislation regarding the respective contractual obligations is described. In addition to the above-described exposition a comparison with the crime of Act detrimental to the financial interests of the European Union is included. In the conclusion the current legislation is evaluated positively with the exception of the admonition regarding the casuictic legislative regulation of the special merits of these crimes including the question of sustainability of the current legislative state with respect to the technological and...
Criminal Aspects of Cybercrime
Štičková, Věra ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to introduce the issue of cyber crime, a phenomenon which is gaining importance in recent years. The first chapter outlines the basic problem: Mass use of information and communications technologies may have downsides. Consequently, the reader learns briefly about development of computers, which resulted in the emergence of the Internet. Especially, how this short evolution affected the terminology regarding crimes related to information technology. The term "cyberspace", from which we derive the term "cyber crime", becomes crucial. This virtual world is not only a place of fun but unfortunately also full of malicious behavior. Further, the work deals with the specifics of cybercrime and its differences that distinguish it from other types of crime. The fifth chapter deals with the legal regulation, both domestic and international. It lists major legislation related to the cyber crime and is especially dedicated to analysis of the Criminal Code, the law on cyber security and the Convention on Cybercrime. Next comes the main section of the thesis dedicated to crime in cyberspace. It describes the most common malicious activities which occur in cyberspace. A table of individual crimes is included to ease orientation. Particular attention is paid to copyright violations...

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