National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Islam and the Political System of Iran
Kafková, Michaela ; Lisa, Aleš (advisor) ; Prorok, Vladimír (referee)
The main topic of the diploma thesis is the influence of the islamic religion over the political system of The Islamic Republic of Iran. The thesis includes characteristics of the emergence of islam and expansion, and a summary of the main types of Islam, focusing on Shia Islam. Following is a summary of the development of the governmental units, which existed on the territory of todays Iran, including descriptions of the political systems. It focuses on the role of the social class of so called ulamá (Shia clerics). The thesis then characterizes the government of the Pahlavi Dynasty, the Islamic Revolution, and the current political system of Iran. Afterwards it describes the current domestic and foreign policies of Iran, the Iranian nuclear program issue, and human rights conditions in the country. The objective of the Thesis is to answer the following questions: what are the main reasons of Irans negative approach to the western world (particularly the USA) and of the negative approach of the western world (particularly the USA) towards Iran; whether or not it is possible to call the current political system of Iran an orthodox theocracy; and whether or not Irans politics can be a potentional threat for the stability of todays world.
Attempt at Democratic Transition in Iran 1997-2000
Koláček, Jakub ; Maslowski, Nicolas (advisor) ; Německý, Marek (referee)
The thesis "Attempt at Democratic Transition in Iran 1997-2000" analyzes the developement of restricted liberalization and democratization, which was started in Iran in Spring 1997 by election of reformist presidential candidate Muhammad Khatami into office. The essay looks on theese events as a result of the longer cultural change which occured in Iran since the 1979 Islamic Revolution and as a consequence of the cleavages which split the Iranian political space into several different streams. The thesis uses a theoretical perspective based on the idea that Iran, in the course of 20th century, constantly evolved in the form of modern national state for which the Islamic revolution was but a regime change, which replaced one authoritarianism for another with a different ideology. Based on this perspective the events after the Khatami election are analyzed in terms of the transitologic theory through which the essay examines the specific dynamcis of political contest between the softliners who push for a democratization of the regime and the hardliners who take pains to preserve the authoritarian practice based on the theory of "The Rule of the Jurisconsult" articulated first by the founder of the Islamic Republic, Ruhollah Khomeini.

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